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Articles by J Cho
Total Records ( 4 ) for J Cho
  J Cho
  Objectives:

The correct chest compression technique was emphasised to enhance the result of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the 2005 guidelines. The present study compared the effects of different bed heights, including a bed at knee height, on the performance of chest compressions.

Methods:

Twenty-four healthcare providers participated in this study. Knee height was defined as the baseline bed height. Bed heights were adjusted to 10 and 20 cm above the baseline and 10 and 20 cm below the baseline. At the five bed heights, chest compressions were performed for 2 minutes, and the compression rate was maintained at 100 per minute, with audible feedback.

Results:

The mean compression depths (MCD) were 28.3 mm (SD 10.7; knee height +20 cm), 32.3 mm (SD 9.2; knee height +10 cm), 32.7 mm (SD 8.5; knee height), 32.3 mm (SD 9.0; knee height –10 cm) and 31.1 mm (SD 8.5; knee height –20 cm). The MCD was significantly lower at knee height plus 20 cm (p<0.001).

Conclusion:

The performance of chest compressions decreased when the bed height was 20 cm higher than the knee height of the rescuer.

  H. J Choi , H. G Kang , T. H Lim , H. S Chung , J Cho , Y. M Oh , Y. M Kim and on behalf of the Korean Emergency Airway Management Registry (KEAMR) Investigators
  Objective

To investigate the use and success rates of the GlideScope (GVL) by emergency physicians (EPs) during the initial two years after its introduction.

Methods

We performed an observational study using registry data of five emergency departments. The success rates in adult patients were evaluated and compared with those of conventional laryngoscope (CL).

Results

The GVL was used in 345 (10.7%) of 3233 intubation attempts by EPs. The overall success rate of the GVL was not higher than a CL (79.1% vs 77.6%, p=0.538). The success rate for the patients with difficult airway was higher in the GVL than a CL (80.0% vs 50.4%, p<0.001).

Conclusion

The GVL was not used frequently by EPs during the initial two years after its introduction. Although the GVL provides a better glottic view, the overall success rates were similar to a CL. The GVL may be useful in patients with difficult airway.

  T Renner , J Bragg , H. E Driscoll , J Cho , A. O Jackson and C. D. Specht
 

Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) has been shown to be effective for transient knockdown of gene expression in plants to analyze the effects of specific genes in development and stress-related responses. VIGS is well established for studies of model systems and crops within the Solanaceae, Brassicaceae, Leguminaceae, and Poaceae, but only recently has been applied to plants residing outside these families. Here, we have demonstrated that barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV) can infect two species within the Zingiberaceae, and that BSMV–VIGS can be applied to specifically down-regulate phytoene desaturase in the culinary ginger Zingiber officinale. These results suggest that extension of BSMV–VIGS to monocots other than cereals has the potential for directed genetic analyses of many important temperate and tropical crop species.

 
 
 
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