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Articles by J Champagne
Total Records ( 3 ) for J Champagne
  A. D Krahn , J. S Healey , V Chauhan , D. H Birnie , C. S Simpson , J Champagne , M Gardner , S Sanatani , D. V Exner , G. J Klein , R Yee , A. C Skanes , L. J Gula and M. H. Gollob

Background— Cardiac arrest without evident cardiac disease may be caused by subclinical genetic conditions. Provocative testing to unmask a phenotype is often necessary to detect primary electrical disease, direct genetic testing, and perform family screening.

Methods and Results— Patients with apparently unexplained cardiac arrest and no evident cardiac disease (normal cardiac function on echocardiogram, no evidence of coronary artery disease, and a normal ECG) underwent systematic evaluation that included cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, signal-averaged ECG, exercise testing, drug challenge, and selective electrophysiological testing. Diagnostic criteria were based on accepted criteria or provocation of the characteristic clinical features for long-QT syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Brugada syndrome, early repolarization, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, coronary spasm, and myocarditis. Sixty-three patients in 9 centers were enrolled (age 43.0±13.4 years, 29 women). A diagnosis was obtained in 35 patients (56%): Long-QT syndrome in 8, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in 8, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in 6, early repolarization in 5, coronary spasm in 4, Brugada syndrome in 3, and myocarditis in 1. Targeted genetic testing demonstrated evidence of causative mutations in 9 (47%) of 19 patients. Screening of 64 family members of these patients identified 15 affected individuals who were treated (24%). The remaining 28 patients (44%) were considered to have idiopathic ventricular fibrillation.

Conclusions— Systematic clinical testing, including drug provocation and advanced imaging, results in unmasking of the cause of apparently unexplained cardiac arrest in >50% of patients. This approach assists in directing genetic testing to diagnose genetically mediated arrhythmia syndromes, which results in successful family screening.

  Y Khaykin , A Skanes , J Champagne , S Themistoclakis , L Gula , A Rossillo , A Bonso , A Raviele , C. A Morillo , A Verma , Z Wulffhart , D. O Martin and A. Natale

Background— The study was conducted to compare relative safety and efficacy of pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI) using intracardiac echocardiographic guidance and circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) using radiofrequency energy.

Methods and Results— Sixty patients (81% men; 81% paroxysmal; age, 56±8 years) failing 2±1 antiarrhythmic drugs were randomly assigned to undergo CPVA (n=30) or PVAI (n=30) at 5 centers between December 2004 and October 2007. CPVA patients had circular lesions placed at least 1 cm outside of the veins. Ipsilateral veins were ablated en block with the end point of disappearance of potentials within the circular lesion. Left atrial roof line and mitral isthmus line were ablated without verification of block. For patients in AF postablation or with AF induced with programmed stimulation, complex fractionated electrograms were mapped and ablated to the end point of AF termination or disappearance of complex fractionated electrograms. PVAI did not include complex fractionated electrogram ablation. Esophageal temperature was monitored and kept within 2°C of baseline or under 39°C. Success was defined as absence of atrial tachyarrhythmias (AF/AT) off antiarrhythmic drugs. There was no difference between CPVA and PVAI regarding to baseline variables, catheter used, duration of the procedure, or RF delivery. Fluoroscopy time was longer with PVAI (54±17 minutes versus 77±18 minutes, P=0.0001). No significant complications occurred in either arm. PVAI was more likely to achieve control of AF/AT off antiarrhythmic drugs (57% versus 27%, P=0.02) at 2±1 years of follow-up.

Conclusions— A single PVAI procedure is more likely to result in freedom from AF/AT off antiarrhythmic drugs than CPVA supplemented by complex fractionated electrogram ablation in select patients.

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