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Articles by J Casellas
Total Records ( 2 ) for J Casellas
  A Muxi , J. V Torregrosa , D Fuster , P Peris , S Vidal Sicart , O Sola , B Domenech , G Martin , J Casellas and F. Pons
 

Background and objectives: Hemodialysis needs an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) that may influence the structure and growth of nearby bone and affect bone mass measurement. The study analyzed the effect of AVF in the assessment of forearm bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and examined its influence on the final diagnosis of osteoporosis.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Forty patients (52 ± 18 yr) in hemodialysis program (12 ± 8 yr) with permeable AVF in forearm were included. Patients were divided in two groups (over and under 50 yr). BMD of both forearms (three areas), lumbar spine, and femur was measured by DXA. Forearm measurements in each arm were compared. Patients were diagnosed as normal only if all territories were considered nonpathologic and osteoporosis/osteopenia was determined by the lowest score found.

Results: Ten patients were excluded and 30 patients were analyzed. BMD in the forearm with AVF was significantly lower than that observed in the contralateral forearm in both groups of patients and in all forearm areas analyzed. When only lumbar spine and femur measurements were considered, 70% of patients were nonpathologic and 30% were osteoporotic. However, inclusion of AVF forearm classified 63% as osteoporotic and a further 27% as osteopenic, leaving only 10% as nonpathologic.

Conclusions: Forearm AVF affects BMD measurements by decreasing their values in patients with end-stage renal failure. This may produce an overdiagnosis of osteoporosis, which should be taken into account when evaluating patients of this type.

  J Casellas , C. R Farber , R. A Verdugo and J. F. Medrano
 

The congenic HG.CAST-(D17Mit196-D17Mit190) (HQ17hg/hg) mouse strain showed a significant departure on the expected 50%/50% offspring sex ratio in more than 2400 progeny (55.7% females). The entire pedigree file included data from 13 nonoverlapping purebred generations and an F2 cross with the C57BL/6J inbred strain. Offspring sex ratio data were analyzed on the basis of 40 purebred HQ17hg/hg sires and 29 F1 HQ17hg/hg x B6 sires under a Bayesian Binomial segregation model accounting for 4 different autosomal inheritance models of gene action (i.e., additive, dominance, recessive, and overdominance) and X-linked and Y-linked loci. For each model, the segregation effect was evaluated as a single regression coefficient for all sires or assuming 2 independent regression coefficients accounting for offspring sex ratio departures in purebred and F1 sires, respectively. The deviance information criterion clearly favored the autosomal dominance model with different regression coefficients for the 2 groups of sires. Under this model, the dominance effect increased the percentage of female offspring by 4.3% (HQ17hg/hg purebred sires) and 8.2% (F1 sires) with the highest posterior density regions ranging from 0.5% to 10.6% and from 1.3% to 14.4%, respectively. This article provides significant evidence of genetic determinism for sex ratio distortion in the HQ17hg/hg strain and develops new analytical tools to perform segregation studies on dichotomous traits.

 
 
 
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