Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by J Cai
Total Records ( 3 ) for J Cai
  J. L Kielczewski , Y. P.R Jarajapu , E. L McFarland , J Cai , A Afzal , S Li Calzi , K. H Chang , T Lydic , L. C Shaw , J Busik , J Hughes , A. J Cardounel , K Wilson , T. J Lyons , M. E Boulton , R. N Mames , T Chan Ling and M. B. Grant
 

Rationale: Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 modulates vascular development by regulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) behavior, specifically stimulating EPC cell migration. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism of IGFBP-3 effects on EPC function and how IGFBP-3 mediates cytoprotection following vascular injury.

Objective: To examine the mechanism of IGFBP-3–mediated repair following vascular injury.

Methods and Results: We used 2 complementary vascular injury models: laser occlusion of retinal vessels in adult green fluorescent protein (GFP) chimeric mice and oxygen-induced retinopathy in mouse pups. Intravitreal injection of IGFBP-3–expressing plasmid into lasered GFP chimeric mice stimulated homing of EPCs, whereas reversing ischemia induced increases in macrophage infiltration. IGFBP-3 also reduced the retinal ceramide/sphingomyelin ratio that was increased following laser injury. In the OIR model, IGFBP-3 prevented cell death of resident vascular endothelial cells and EPCs, while simultaneously increasing astrocytic ensheathment of vessels. For EPCs to orchestrate repair, these cells must migrate into ischemic tissue. This migratory ability is mediated, in part, by endogenous NO generation. Thus, we asked whether the migratory effects of IGFBP-3 were attributable to stimulation of NO generation. IGFBP-3 increased endothelial NO synthase expression in human EPCs leading to NO generation. IGFBP-3 exposure also led to the redistribution of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, an NO regulated protein critical for cell migration. IGFBP-3–mediated NO generation required high-density lipoprotein receptor activation and stimulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway.

Conclusion: These studies support consideration of IGFBP-3 as a novel agent to restore the function of injured vasculature and restore NO generation.

  R Zhao , J Zhu , X Ji , J Cai , F Wan , Q Li , B Zhong , S Tucker and D. Wang
  Objective

To assess the resectability rate of patients with initially unresectable liver-only metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) after treatment with irinotecan/capecitabine.

Methods

Patients received irinotecan (240 mg/m2) as a 30 min intravenous infusion on day 1 and capecitabine (1000 mg/m2) orally bid for 14 days beginning on day 2. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks. The protocol encouraged two to four cycles of irinotecan/capecitabine after recovery from surgery.

Results

Between May 2004 and February 2007, 48 patients entered in the study. Forty-seven (97.9%) of the 48 patients were assessable for response. The overall response rate before surgery was 56.3% (95% CI, 42.3–70.3%) in the treated population, including 2 non-confirmed complete response (CR), 18 partial responses (PR) and 7 non-confirmed PR. Twenty-three (47.9%) of 29 patients with tumor shrinkage proceeded to surgical intervention. Twenty of the 23 patients had a complete resection (S-CR). With a median follow-up time of 32 months (range, 24–38 months), the overall median time to progression and overall survival for all patients were 16.7 months (95% CI, 10.0–23.4 months) and 27.5 months (95% CI, 23.6–31.4 months) for all patients. The 1- 2- and 3-year overall survival estimates were 79.2% (95% CI, 67.7–90.7%), 60.4% (95% CI, 46.6–74.3%) and 29.2% (95% CI, 16.3–42.0%), respectively. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in eight (17.0%) patients. The most common Grade 3/4 hematological adverse event was neutropenia in 8.5% of the patients. There were no treatment-related deaths during this study.

Conclusions

Irinotecan/capecitabine appears to be a safe and very effective regimen in selected patients with unresectable liver metastases from CRC, but who are treated with a curative intent.

  M. A Esteban , J Xu , J Yang , M Peng , D Qin , W Li , Z Jiang , J Chen , K Deng , M Zhong , J Cai , L Lai and D. Pei
 

Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS) technology appears to be a general strategy to generate pluripotent stem cells from any given mammalian species. So far, iPS cells have been reported for mouse, human, rat, and monkey. These four species have also established embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines that serve as the gold standard for pluripotency comparisons. Attempts have been made to generate porcine ESC by various means without success. Here we report the successful generation of pluripotent stem cells from fibroblasts isolated from the Tibetan miniature pig using a modified iPS protocol. The resulting iPS cell lines more closely resemble human ESC than cells from other species, have normal karyotype, stain positive for alkaline phosphatase, express high levels of ESC-like markers (Nanog, Rex1, Lin28, and SSEA4), and can differentiate into teratomas composed of the three germ layers. Because porcine physiology closely resembles human, the iPS cells reported here provide an attractive model to study certain human diseases or assess therapeutic applications of iPS in a large animal model.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility