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Articles by J Butner
Total Records ( 2 ) for J Butner
  D Horton , C. A Berg , J Butner and D. J. Wiebe
 

Objective We examined the role of parental monitoring (general and diabetes specific) on metabolic control through better adherence and lower externalizing behaviors for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods Adolescents aged 10–14 (n = 252) completed assessments of general and diabetes-specific mothers’ and fathers’ monitoring, adherence, and the Youth Self Report (YSR). Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) indexed diabetes control. Results Path analyses revealed that perceived mothers’ general monitoring was indirectly associated with lower HbA1c through lower externalizing behaviors and higher adherence. Perceived fathers’ general monitoring was associated with HbA1c differently at the extremes: low fathers’ monitoring was associated with higher HbA1c through higher externalizing behaviors; high fathers’ monitoring was associated with HbA1c through higher adherence. Diabetes-specific monitoring was not associated with externalizing behaviors. Conclusion Perceived mothers’ and fathers’ general parental monitoring facilitates metabolic control through a similar process, with parental differences largely seen at the extremes.

  D. J Wiebe , A Croom , K. T Fortenberry , J Butner , J Butler , M. T Swinyard , R Lindsay , D Donaldson , C Foster , M Murray and C. A. Berg
 

Objectives To examine pump duration associations with adolescents’ metabolic control and whether parental involvement moderated this association. Methods This study used a cross-sectional sample of 10- to 14-year-olds with diabetes (N = 252, 53.6% female) and parents’ reported parental involvement; HbA1c was obtained from medical records. Half (50.8%) were on an insulin pump (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, CSII), with the remainder prescribed multiple daily injections (MDI). Results Adolescents on CSII displayed better HbA1c than those on MDI. A curvilinear association revealed that participants on CSII for <2 years showed a positive pump duration-HbA1c association, while those on CSII longer showed no association. Parental involvement interacted with pump duration to predict HbA1c. Pump duration was associated with poorer HbA1c only when parents were relatively uninvolved. Conclusions Within the limitations of a cross-sectional design, data suggest that adolescents on CSII have better HbA1c than those on MDI, but may experience a period of deterioration that can be offset by parental involvement.

 
 
 
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