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Articles by Imran Hayat
Total Records ( 3 ) for Imran Hayat
  Syed Mubbasher Sabir , Sardar Waheed Khan and Imran Hayat
  The meat consumed by the people is sold in the open market and even on the roadsides. Special attention was focused on the determination of selected essential/heavy metals in meat samples. For assessing daily environmental contamination, sixteen meat samples of four varieties (Fish, beef, mutton and chicken) were purchased from local market and different spots of Nalahs (ravine). The samples were analyzed for the estimation of trace metals such as Pb, Cu, Ni, Zn along with Ca, Mg and Fe. The overall concentration of Pb, Ni, Zn and Mn were found small (0-4 ppm). Among major elements Fe was found quite high (600-7000 ppm). The Ca (600-2000 ppm) and Mg (800-1300 ppm) levels were also higher. Fe was recorded higher in beef and mutton, Ca in fish and mutton and Mg in mutton, chicken and fish were comparatively noted high.
  Syed Mubbasher Sabir , Imran Hayat and Syed Dilnawaz Ahmed Gardezi
  The present investigation was carried out for the estimation of sterol in edible fats and oils. Ten samples of vanaspati ghee which were most commonly available in the market were subjected to sterol estimation. The samples included Dalda, Tullo, Habib, Fauji, Kissan, ACP, Latif, Family, Zaiqa and Handi vanaspati. Dalda, Tullo and Habib vanaspati contained relatively less amount of cholesterol (10, 14 and 15 mg/g respectively) While, Fauji, Kissan, ACP and Latif vanaspati had the intermediate values of cholesterol (24, 25, 29 and 30 mg/g respectively). Family, Zaiqa and Handi vanaspati contained maximum amount of cholesterol (33, 37 and 40 mg/g respectively). Dalda vanaspati had the least (10 mg/g) while, Handi vanaspati had the highest (40 mg/g) amount of cholesterol. Among other samples butter and Haleeb Desi ghee contained the high amount of cholesterol (27, 7 mg/g respectively), while milk fat, beef tallow and fish fat were low in cholesterol content (3.5, 1 and 4 mg/g respectively). Bear fat had the immense quantity of cholesterol (80 mg/g). The sterol content of edible oils i.e. Corn (23 mg/g), Soybean (9 mg/g), Rapeseed (5 mg/g) and Coconut (0.8 mg/g) were reported less as compared to the sterol content of mustard oil (64 mg/g).
  Syed Mubbasher Sabir , Imran Hayat , Imtiaz Hussain and Syed Riaz Ali Gardezi
  Experiments were carried out to find out the chemical composition of eleven species of edible mushrooms reported from the Forests of Azad Kashmir. The results obtained were used to compare with those of some commonly known edible mushrooms. Some lesser known edible mushrooms identified in Azad Kashmir Such as Amanita ceciliae, Volvariella bommbycina, Collybia dryophila, C. ellipsoidia, Flammulina velutipes, Laccaria globosia, Marasmiellus najmii, Marasmius oreades, Oudemansiella radicata, Russula aeruginea and R. chamaeleontina were analyzed for their chemical constituents including total dietary fiber, crude protein, fat, ash, moisture and carbohydrate. Despite the differences in the chemical composition of mushroom samples, when compared to the common edible mushroom Lentinius edodes (shiitake), the overall nutritional values of the mushrooms were good.
 
 
 
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