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Articles by Ian M. Orme
Total Records ( 3 ) for Ian M. Orme
  Anne J. Lenaerts , Casey Bitting , Lisa Woolhiser , Veronica Gruppo , Karen S. Marietta , Christine M. Johnson and Ian M. Orme
  A novel subclass of quinolones, 2-pyridones, showed potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, with KRQ-10018 being an early lead. KRQ-10018 showed better activity in vitro against M. tuberculosis versus moxifloxacin. In vivo efficacy of KRQ-10018 at 300 mg/kg of body weight was similar to that of isoniazid at 25 mg/kg, but showed less activity than moxifloxacin at 300 mg/kg.
  Donald R. Hoff , Megan L. Caraway , Elizabeth J. Brooks , Emily R. Driver , Gavin J. Ryan , Charles A. Peloquin , Ian M. Orme , Randall J. Basaraba and Anne J. Lenaerts
  Metronidazole, which is used for the treatment of infections caused by anaerobic organisms, was evaluated in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected guinea pigs. M. tuberculosis can adapt to hypoxia, which is present in the primary lesions of infected guinea pigs. Metronidazole treatment (for 6 weeks at 100 mg/kg of body weight) resulted in no reduction in the bacillary burden and significantly worsened lesion inflammation.
  Diane Ordway , Marcela Henao-Tamayo , Crystal Shanley , Erin E. Smith , Gopinath Palanisamy , Baolin Wang , Randall J. Basaraba and Ian M. Orme
  Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) currently remains the only licensed vaccine for the prevention of tuberculosis. In this study, we used a newly described flow cytometric technique to monitor changes in cell populations accumulating in the lungs and lymph nodes of naïve and vaccinated guinea pigs challenged by low-dose aerosol infection with virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As anticipated, vaccinated guinea pigs controlled the growth of the challenge infection more efficiently than controls did. This early phase of bacterial control in immune animals was associated with increased accumulation of CD4 and CD8 T cells, including cells expressing the activation marker CD45, as well as macrophages expressing class II major histocompatibility complex molecules. As the infection continued, the numbers of T cells in the lungs of vaccinated animals waned, whereas the numbers of these cells expressing CD45 increased. Whereas BCG vaccination reduced the influx of heterophils (neutrophils) into the lungs, an early B-cell influx was observed in these vaccinated animals. Overall, vaccine protection was associated with reduced pathology and lung damage in the vaccinated animals. These data provide the first direct evidence that BCG vaccination accelerates the influx of protective T-cell and macrophage populations into the infected lungs, diminishes the accumulation of nonprotective cell populations, and reduces the severity of lung pathology.
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