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Articles by I.S. Ahamad
Total Records ( 2 ) for I.S. Ahamad
  Y.S. Koay , I.S. Ahamad , M. Mohsen Nourouzi and T.G. Chuah
  Quaternized palm kernel shell was successfully prepared by reacting with N-(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride in basic condition. Adsorption experiments of Reactive Red E (RRE) dye were carried out in single batch system studied at various initial concentration, contact time and pH at 25°C. It was found that at pH 4 quaternized palm kernel shell showed the highest dye removal percentage of 99% at 100 mg L-1 initial dye concentration. The equilibrium data were analyzed by Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson models and Redlich-Peterson model was best fit to describe this adsorption. Contact time data were analyzed using pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic models and was found that the kinetics conformed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacity of RRE was 183 mg g-1 for single batch system.
  Y.L. Lai , T.S.Y. Choong , T.G. Chuah , I.S. Ahamad and L.F. Razon
  Cyclic process is inherently dynamic, thus it has no steady state. However, the process, after a sufficient number of cycles, will reach a state called Cyclic Steady State (CSS) where the process state variables at some instant within a cycle have the same value at the corresponding instant within each subsequent cycle. Depending on the nature of the cyclic process, the number of cycles needed before the process reaches CSS may vary from tens to thousands. In this study, a hybrid algorithm that aims to predict and accelerate the convergence of the CSS is developed and tested on a cyclic operation of controlled-cycled stirred tank reactor.
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