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Articles by I.N. Emenike
Total Records ( 2 ) for I.N. Emenike
  D.E. Okwu and I.N. Emenike
  Phhytochemical studies of five varieties of citrus species; sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), tangerine (Citrus reticulata), lemon (Citrus limonum), lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and grape (Citrus grandis) revealed the presence of bioactive compounds comprising alkaloids (0.33-0.04 mg 100 g 1), flavonoids (0.19-0.57 mg 100 g 1), phenols (0.01-0.42 mg 100 g 1) and tannins (0.01-0.04 mg 100 g 1). These citrus fruits are good sources of water-soluble vitamins: ascorbic acids (19.36-61.60 mg 100 g 1), riboflavin (0.01-0.11 mg 100 g 1), thiamin (0.06-0.12 mg 100 g 1) and niacin (0.03-0.43 mg 100 g 1). These phytonutrients and vitamins may be responsible for the antioxidants, anticancer, anti-inflammatory properties of the citrus species. The citrus spices have their popular use in herbal medicine and as fruits in Nigeria.
  D.E. Okwu and I.N. Emenike
  The mineral and nutrient composition of five varieties of Citrus species: sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), tangerine (Citrus reticulata), lemon (Citrus limonum), lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and grape (Citrus grandis) were determined. The research showed that these citrus fruits contained crude protein (10.94-17.06%), crude fiber (5.84-7.10%), carbohydrate (70.86-77.10%), moisture (4.28-5.70%), crude lipid (0.64-1.24%), ash (4.40-7.80%) and food energy content was (347.04-363 g cal 1) of fresh fruits. The most important minerals detected in the fruits include calcium (2.0-3.20%), phosphorus (0.24-0.41%), potassium (0.28-1.0%), magnesium (0.49-0.61%) and sodium (0.28-0.36%). These nutrients are indispensable for the good condition of our health. This study justifies the use of citrus fruits as food and drug in herbal medicine in Southeastern Nigeria.
 
 
 
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