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Articles by I.J. Reddy
Total Records ( 3 ) for I.J. Reddy
  I.J. Reddy , G. Ravi Kiran , S.K. Mondal and S. Anandan
  This study aims at the effects of active immunization against chicken Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (chVIP) on plasma prolactin (PRL) concentration, concentration of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) profile its interval and duration, progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2β), intersequence pause days and egg production in birds during the initial stages of egg production from 20-36 weeks of egg lay in PB3 birds. Twenty-four PB3 birds of same age group were divided into two groups of twelve in each. Birds in control group were administered s/c with placebo. Equal volume of chVIP immunogenic protein was administered to treated group from 17th week of age to 36 weeks of age at an interval of four weeks. Hormonal profiles of immunized and control birds were quantified at weekly intervals from 17th to 36th weeks of age in both the groups for prolactin, LH, estradiol, progesterone. Egg production and pause days were recorded in both the groups. At 31st weeks of age, blood samples from chVIP immunized and control birds were obtained every 4 h for 48 hours to study the surges of LH. In immunized PB3 birds (against ch VIP) plasma PRL concentration was lower (p<0.01) with high concentrations of E2β, P4, LH and, its 4h LH surges, in plasma (p<0.01). Significantly higher egg production (9.71%), less pause days were observed in chVIP immunized birds. It is mainly attributed due to low PRL concentration, associated with high concentrations of LH (with regular interval and duration of LH surges), E2β and P4 concentration required for egg formation and subsequent ovulation. In conclusion, chVIP immunization advanced the LH surges, for release of matured oocyte, egg formation and egg lay enabled the birds to lay eggs at regular intervals due to active immunization against chVIP. Results indicate that control of chVIP may lead to more egg production with shorter duration of LH surges.
  I.J. Reddy , G. Ravi Kiran , S.K. Mondal and S. Anandan
  Objective of the study is examine the effects of active immunization against chicken Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (chVIP) on plasma prolactin (PRL) concentration, concentration of luteinizing hormone (LH) profile its interval and duration, Progesterone (P4), Estradiol (E2ß), intersequence pause days and egg production in birds during the later stages of egg production from 48-72 weeks of egg lay in PB3 birds. Twenty-four PB3 birds of same age group were divided into 2 groups of 12 in each. Birds in control group were administered s/c with placebo. Equal volume of chVIP immunogenic protein was administered to treated group from 17th week of age to 36 weeks of age at an interval of 4 weeks. Hormonal profiles of immunized and control birds were quantified at weekly intervals from 48th to 72nd weeks of age in both the groups for prolactin, LH, estradiol, progesterone. Egg production and pause days were recorded in both the groups. At 59th weeks of age, blood samples from chVIP immunized and control birds were obtained every 4 h for 48 h to study the surges of LH. In immunized PB3 birds (against ch VIP) plasma PRL concentration was lower (p<0.01) with high concentrations of E2ß, P4, LH and its 4 h LH surges in plasma. Significantly (p<0.01) higher egg production (13.62%) and less pause days were observed in chVIP immunized birds. It is mainly attributed due to low PRL concentration, associated with high concentrations of LH (with regular interval and duration of LH surges), E2ß and P4 concentration required for egg formation and subsequent ovulation. In conclusion, chVIP immunization advanced the LH surges, for release of matured oocyte, egg formation and egg lay enabled the birds to lay eggs at regular intervals due to active immunization against chVIP. Results indicate that control of chVIP may lead to more egg production with shorter duration of LH surges.
  I.J. Reddy , Ashish Mishra , S. Mondal and H.N.N. Murthy
  Prolactin (PRL) is a peptide hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland. PRL increases as per the age and reproductive cycle of birds from normal physiological levels to extremely higher level there by affecting the ovulation, egg formation, oviposition, egg production and hyperprolactinemia. This is more pronounced and persistent after 72 weeks of age in birds. Hence a study was conducted in anterior pituitary primary cultured cells obtained from 72 and 82 weeks old white leg horn (WLH) hens to knock down the PRL gene expression by siRNA and observing its effects on PRL, PRL mRNA, protein content of PRL, prolactin receptor (PRLR) and Growth Hormone (GH) mRNA to unravel the functional role of PRL at 72 and 82 week age by siRNA for PRL. Three siRNAs were designed as per standard siRNA protocols and studied the suppression of PRL gene expression in primary cultured cells procured from adult chicken anterior pituitary glands in in vitro conditions. Average percentage reduction of PRL in anterior pituitary primary cell culture following siRNA transfection was 82 and 60% at 72 and 82 weeks respectively. Protein content of PRL was significantly (p<0.01) decreased in siRNA transfected cells compared to controls. Growth Hormone (GH) mRNA and PRL receptor (PRLR) mRNA levels did not change significantly (p<0.01) between control and treated cells. Results clearly suggested that the siRNA designed for PRL specifically decreased PRL gene expression in in vitro conditions. Level of PRLR mRNA and GH mRNA levels expression did not follow the similar pattern of PRL gene expression in anterior pituitary cells. It is concluded that, construction of short specific siRNA for PRL significantly decreased PRL, PRL mRNA and protein content of PRL without showing any effect on PRLR and GH between the two age groups of birds. These results may lead to construction of short specific siRNA for stable and chronic suppression of PRL gene expression during embryogenesis before an increase of PRL occurs for long term knock down of PRL in in vivo conditions. In conclusion, understanding of hyperprolactinemia and the involvement of PRL may provide the basis for the development of therapeutic drugs or methods against hyperprolactinemia by RNA interference.
 
 
 
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