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Articles by I.F. Ani
Total Records ( 2 ) for I.F. Ani
  B.K. Adeoye , S.O. Adeyele , J.A. Adeyeye , O.O. Oyerinde , M.F. Olanrewaju and I.F. Ani
  Background and Objective: Some plant materials have been found to possess hypoglycemic property which could ameliorate hyperglycemic condition. Thus, this study aimed at determining the effect of cabbage on hyperglycemia. Materials and Methods: Extracts from fresh and dried cabbage and thirty male albino rats grouped into six groups were used for the study. The groups were the positive control (fed regular diet), negative control (fed high sucrose feed) and treatment (high sucrose feed and extract for 2 weeks) groups. Each of the treatment groups received 50 mg or 100 mg kg–1 b.wt., of either of fresh and dried cabbage extracts. The fasting blood sugar (FBS) was determined at baseline and at two weeks interval. The experiment lasted six weeks when the serum insulin, oral glucose tolerance test and liver oxidative stress were determined. Data were subjected to Graph pad prism 5 and the blood glucose was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at p<0.05 followed by Duncan multiple range tests. Results: There was a reduction in the blood sugar and resistance to insulin by the extracts. The control negative had the highest fasting blood sugar (62 mg dL–1) and the result of oral glucose tolerance also showed higher peak at 60 min. There was a reduction in the MDA (0.54±0.08-0.79±0.05) accompanied by significant reduction in the SOD (0.52±0.04-0.57±0.04) and CAT (1.85±0.65-15.75±1.69) of the test groups. Conclusion: Potential of cabbage to control blood sugar and ameliorate oxidative stress of the liver was demonstrated in this study.
  B.K. Adeoye , Z.O. Alonge , M.D. Olumide , I.F. Ani , M.F. Olanrewaju , E.O. Ngozi and O.O. Oyerinde
  Background and Objective: Cinnamon is one of the most important spices that are highly valued for their health benefits. Thus, the study aimed at determining the effect of cinnamon on blood sugar, lipid profile and liver function of male wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Cinnamon sticks were sorted, washed, dried at 60°C and milled to powdery form. Fifteen male wistar rats were grouped into three. Group A (control) was fed regular rat feed, while group B was fed regular rat feed with 5% concentration of cinnamon and group C was given regular rat feed with 2.5% cinnamon. The weight and fasting blood sugar level of the rats were taken at baseline. Weekly weight gain, daily feed and water intake were recorded. Fasting blood sugar was determined every two weeks during the experiment. At the end of the experiment at fourth week, blood samples were collected for determination of the plasma glucose concentration, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), liver function and for lipid profile test. Liver samples were harvested for histopathology. Results: Cinnamon had blood sugar lowering effect at both concentrations of 2.5 and 5%. However, there was no significant difference in glycosylated haemoglobin, while plasma glucose concentration was lower in rats fed cinnamon. Cinnamon increased the high density lipoprotein (HDL) level but had negligible effect on other lipid profile parameters. There was no significant effect on aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Also the liver histopathology of rats fed 2.5% cinnamon and that of the control were comparable while that of rats fed 5% cinnamon revealed a deposition of plagues, enlarged sinusoids and hepatocyte with mild necrotic features. Conclusion: Cinnamon powder at the concentrations used, had lowering effect on the blood sugar with positive effect on the lipid profile and mild to adverse effect on the liver of normal wistar rats.
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