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Articles by I.C. Alemede
Total Records ( 4 ) for I.C. Alemede
  A.B. Sikiru , I.C. Alemede , A. Arangasamy , S.S.A. Egena and A.T. Ijaiya
  Background and Objective: Temperature elevation causes stress in livestock via reduction of blood flow to the digestive tract, induction of metabolic stress and nutritional imbalances. These compromises, animal performance, therefore, this study aim was to explore changes in temperature over the years for the study area in order to forecast future temperature ranges as a way of identifying increasing temperature as potential source of stress for livestock performance and health. Material and Methods: Bengaluru climate data spreading over 40 years were obtained; these data were categorized into 10 years group; in each 10 years group, a year was divided into 4 quarters (3 months units) giving a total of 16 quarters for the 40 years period used in the analysis. Specifically, records of temperature, relative humidity and dew point temperature were used in this research. Results: Time series model and descriptive statistical analysis were carried out which showed increasing trend of temperature; from average of 26.32°C in the 4th quarters of 1974-1984 to 29.99°C in the 4th quarters of 2007-2017 and forecasted to increase to 31.21°C by the 4th quarters of 2018-2028. Conclusion: It was concluded from these outcomes that increasing temperature is a source of stress for livestock production in Bengaluru and a mix of strategic animal production management and research were suggested for development of climate resilient livestock production system for the area as a model implementable at similar locations worldwide.
  C.E. Chinma , I.G. Emelife and I.C. Alemede
  The physicochemical and functional properties of four local varieties of cowpea seeds (Achishiru, Akidi, Jokada and Odudu) in Nigeria were studied. Length, major and minor diameter of seeds were in the range 6.70-12.90 mm, 3.33-5.58 mm, 3.18-4.65 mm while grain weight of seeds varied between 8.40 to 34.90 g. Cooking time ranged from 28.00 to 40.00 min. Cooking yield were in the range of 55.43 to 59.77% and the dissolved solid ranged from 0.27 to 0.93%. Cowpea seeds contain high value of crude protein in the range of 25.79 to 29.25%. Moisture, dry matter, fat, ash and crude fibre value were in the range of 8.57 to 10.07%, 89.93 to 91.44%, 0.79 to 3.18%, 2.72 to 3.73% and 1.92 to 3.37% respectively. Carbohydrate content varied between 53.56 to 57.36%, while energy value ranged from 337.57 to 360.67 Kcal / 100g. Cowpea seed flours were good sources of calcium (424.00-582.00 mg / 100g), iron (4.00-4.82 mg /100g), magnesium (128.54-145.12 mg /100g) and copper 5.55-6.13 mg /100g water absorption capacity varied between 1.60 and 1.94 g/g while oil absorption capacity ranged from 0.35 to 0.54 g/g. Bulk density and foam capacity were in the range 0.29 to 0.40 g /mL and 100.52 to 126.50 mL. Foam stability and Nitrogen solubility showed high value. The cowpea seed flours are functional foods for nutrition and utilization.
  I.C. Alemede
  The effect of feeding Maize Bran and 10% crude protein concentrate diet on the blood progesterone level of intensively managed savanna brown doe was investigated. Twelve nulliparous savanna brown does with mean body weigh of 8.70±1.12 kg were used for the experiment which lasted for a period of eight weeks. The animals were randomly assigned into two groups (A and B) with a replicate each. Does in treatment A were fed diets containing 10% CP while those in treatment B had Maize Bran. Blood progesterone level were monitored 18 days prior to and 30 days following oestrus. It was observed that levels of progesterone in both groups were low prior to oestrus and mating but increased following oestrus and mating. The rate of increase was slightly higher in the group that had 10% CP diet particularly between day 21 and 27 post oestrus. Even though level of hormone in the serum of does in both groups did not differ significantly (p>0.05). It was concluded that protein have an effect on the level of circulating progesterone in the blood of Savanna Brown does. Therefore incorporation of protein into the ration of Savanna Brown does is highly recommended.
  I.C. Alemede , J.Y. Adama , S.A. Ogunbajo and J. Abdullahi
  Fifteen (15) nuliparous Savanna Brown does aged 6-8 months with a mean live weight of 9.55 kg were randomly allotted into five dietary treatments comprising of three animals per treatment. Five different diets with varying levels of flamboyant tree seed meal were fed as supplement at the rate of 0.50 kg/head/day. T1 which had no flamboyant tree seed served as control while diet T2, T3, T4 and T5 which served as the treatment diet had 25, 50, 75 and 100% flamboyant tree seed meal, respectively. The animals were managed semi-intensively. 5 mls of blood samples were collected via jugular vein puncture into well labeled EDTA bottles and were immediately placed in an ice-chest containing ice cubes and analyzed within 2 h of collection for blood glucose, protein and plasma urea. The average total blood glucose and protein were significantly (p<0.05) different with diets T1 and T2 recording higher values while plasma urea level did not differ significantly (p<0.05) among the treatment groups. All the values obtained were within the recommended normal range. It is therefore concluded that up to 100% level of inclusion of flamboyant tree seed meal in the diets of Savanna Brown does was not deleterious on the blood parameters.
 
 
 
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