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Articles by I.A. Gulani
Total Records ( 2 ) for I.A. Gulani
  Y.A. Geidam , H.A. Kumshe , M.Y. Bukar-Kolo , I.A. Gulani and Z.N. Margimari
  Chick quality assessment was carried out on layer day-old chicks supplied to Maiduguri. A total of 30 layer day-old chicks, comprising of 10 chicks each from three major suppliers were used for this study. Physical, microbiological and serological qualities were assessed. Although the chicks from source C had a higher mean body weight (33.1±0.4 g), there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the mean body weight among chicks from all sources. Similarly, no significant difference (p>0.05) was found in the agility between the three sources. However, chicks from source C showed significantly (p<0.05) higher mean chick length (18.2±0.21 cm) than chicks from other sources. Ten percent mortality was recorded in chicks from source A, while no mortality was recorded in chicks from sources B and C. Hundred percent of the chicks from sources A and C had their navel completely closed while 90% navel closure was observed from source B. None of the three sources had chicks with any form of physical deformity. Seven different bacterial organisms were isolated from the cloacal and navel swabs of chicks from the different sources with Escherichia coli being the most prevalent bacteria isolated from all sources. Serological quality showed better protection against Newcastle disease than against IBD among chicks from all sources. The study revealed mixed qualities among chicks from the different sources. Minimum standards are suggested to be set for physical, microbiological and serological qualities and a regulatory body should also be established to ensure strict adherence to the minimum standards of chicks supplied to farmers in Nigeria.
  J.R. Lawal , S.M. Jajere , A.M. Bello , M. Mustapha , Y. Wakil , J.J. Ndahi , F.B. Mustapha , B.T. Paul , I.A. Gulani , U.I Ibrahim , Y.A. Geidam , A.G. Ambali and I. Waziri
  A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2013 to March 2014 to determine the prevalence of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) in 5 Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Gombe State, Northeastern Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was employed in the selection of 3 districts within each of these LGAs and 10 households within each selected district with moderate number of village chicken growers within the age range of 12-16 weeks old were selected. A total of 1500 cloacal samples comprising 651 males and 849 females were collected and tested for IBD antibodies using Rapid IBD Antigen Detection Test Kits (RADTK). Of this, 953 (63.5%; 95% CI: 61.06-65.94) were positive for the disease. A high prevalence of 84.4% (95% CI: 81.8-87.0) was obtained during the rainy season as compared with 40.3% (95% CI: 36.8-43.8) in the dry season (p<0.05). Males had a slightly higher prevalence of 59.9% (95% CI: 56.1-63.7) as compared with the female birds 52.2% (95%CI: 48.8-55.6) (p>0.05). Based on the LGAs, the prevalence ranges from 69.3% (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 0.10-2.80) in Gombe to 61.0% in Funakaye LGA (p>0.05). Urban region had high prevalence of 37.6% (OR = 2.6; 95% CI: 1.79-3.41) as compared with 26.3% in the rural areas (p<0.001). It was concluded that IBD is endemic in Gombe State particularly within the urban city. Therefore, appropriate control and preventive measures were highlighted to mitigate the resultant economic losses to the backyard poultry farmers and halt further escalation of the disease.
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