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Articles by I Fukamachi
Total Records ( 2 ) for I Fukamachi
  O Miyazaki , S Kurashita , I Fukamachi , K Endo , P. S Ng and K. Takehara
  Background

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) may be a potential marker of fibrosis. However, platelet-derived CTGF may be released into the plasma by platelet activation during or after blood collection, thereby interfering with accurate determination of the true plasma CTGF level. Plasma CTGF exists as the N-terminal CTGF fragment (N-fragment), composed of modules 1 and 2, whereas platelet CTGF exists as full-length CTGF (full-length), composed of modules 1–4. We perceived the need to develop a method for distinguishing between the N-fragment and full-length CTGF levels, so that the true plasma and serum CTGF (N-fragment) levels could be accurately determined.

Methods

Full-length levels were determined by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using two monoclonal antibodies recognizing modules 1 and 4, respectively (M1/4 ELISA). Total CTGF (full-length CTGF plus N-terminal CTGF) levels were determined by a sandwich ELISA using two monoclonal antibodies recognizing modules 1 and 2, respectively (M1/2 ELISA). N-terminal CTGF levels were determined by subtracting the full-length levels from the total CTGF levels.

Results

Both the M1/2 and M1/4 ELISAs showed good analytical performance. When the CTGF levels of plasma and serum collected simultaneously from the same subject were compared, the N-fragment levels determined by the subtraction method were the same, in spite of the fact that full-length CTGF was present in the sample.

Conclusion

N-fragment levels in plasma and serum can be accurately determined by this subtraction method, even if full-length CTGF in platelets is released during or after blood collection.

  M Matsuo , H Ebinuma , I Fukamachi , M Jiang , H Bujo and Y. Saito
 

Background: Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) migrate from the arterial media to the intima in the progression of atherosclerosis, and dysfunction of SMCs leads to enhanced atherogenesis. A soluble form of the LDL receptor relative with 11 ligand-binding repeats (sLR11) is produced by the intimal SMCs, and the circulating concentrations of sLR11 likely reflect the pathophysiological condition of intimal SMCs. Furthermore, polymorphism of the LR11 gene has been found to be related to the onset of Alzheimer disease. This study describes the development of a sandwich immunoassay for quantifying sLR11 in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid.

Methods: We used synthetic peptides or DNA immunization to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) A2-2–3, M3, and R14 against different epitopes of LR11.

Results: sLR11 was immunologically identified as a 250-kDa protein in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid by SDS-PAGE separation, and was purified from serum by use of a receptor-associated protein and MAb M3. An immunoassay for quantification of sLR11 with a working range of 0.25–4.0 µg/L was developed using the combination of MAbs M3 and R14. Treatment of serum with 5.25% n-nonanoyl-N-methyl-d-glucamine reduced the matrix effects of serum on the absorbance detection in the ELISA system. The linear dynamic range of the ELISA spanned the variation of circulating sLR11 concentrations in individuals with atherosclerosis.

Conclusions: A sandwich ELISA was established for quantifying sLR11 in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. This technique provides a novel means for assessing the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, and possibly neurodegenerative diseases.

 
 
 
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