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Articles by Hamid Sepehrdoust
Total Records ( 5 ) for Hamid Sepehrdoust
  Hamid Sepehrdoust and Saber Zamani Shabkhaneh
  The arrival of computers and Internet access in the second half of the twentieth century has revolutionized the field of information and communication technology (ICT) and macro-economic variables such as income distribution index within developing economies. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of information and communication technology development on income distribution index of rural communities in Iran. For this purpose and in order to test the Kuznet's inverted U theory, regarding the relationship between economic growth and distribution of income, econometric method and panel data regression were designed to analyze the effect of information and communication technology on income distribution of 30 provinces in Iran during the period of 2001-2010. The results show that information and communication technology development had a positive effect on income distribution of country's rural communities, resulting in more equitable and justified distribution of income among the rural societies. Moreover, the study approves the validity of Kuznet's inverted U theory regarding the relationship between the economic growth and income distribution of rural areas for the time period of study.
  Hamid Sepehrdoust
  In this study, the non-parametric method (DEA) has been used to estimate technical efficiencies of housing construction activities in different states of Iran based on the relevant data collected from provincial statistical centers during the years 2006-2009. The determination of factors affecting efficiency level is important as well as measurement efficiency. According to the results of the data envelopment analysis model, mean efficiencies of housing construction activities of the states were estimated to be 0.944 for Constant Returns to Scale (CRS) assumption. The research founded that only 37% of the states operate technically efficient and most of the technically efficient states had the opportunity to employ illegally migrated workers of neighboring countries in building construction activities using the advantages of lower level of payments and less commitment to the worker's insurance regulations in the country. The study concludes that, appropriate mechanisms should be implemented by the government for stabilizing housing environment within different states, ensuring maximal benefit of state housing expenditures, mobilizing private savings and finally providing subsidy assistance to the inefficient states on a multi-functional basis.
  Hamid Sepehrdoust and Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye
  The structural changes of an economy entail that in the long run, the dynamics of sector shares (industrial, agricultural and services) are related to each other and to economic growth as well. In this study, the hypothesis that there is a long-term relationship between agricultural growth and other economic sectors growth is tested for the case of Iran, using autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) and variance decomposition analysis also. The time series data consists of data for the period 1959-2010. The results indicate that the long run relationship exists when the variables gross domestic product (Y), industrial value added (IN), agricultural value added (AG), services value added (SS) and oil and gas value added (O and S) remain to be dependent variables. The long run elasticity also shows that one percent increase in value added of IN, AG, SS and Oil and Gas, will cause the gross domestic product to increase by 0.216, 0.091, 0.431 and 0.156 percent respectively.
  Hamid Sepehrdoust and Hossein Khodaee
  Information and Communication Technology (ICT), includes a wide range of hardware, software and supportive knowledge that has transformed human society from the information technology age to the knowledge age and dramatically substituted the traditional jobs with newly offered ones. So, the main question that remains to be answered is, whether it could have a positive effect on the level of employment. The present study provides an overview on the effective ways that ICTs help to create more employment opportunities across the selected Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) economies. For this purpose, an econometric panel data model is run to analyze the relationship between ICT and employment rate of OIC countries for the period 2000 to 2009; using the Constant Elasticity Substitution (CES) category of production function. The results revealed that the introduction of technology has led to major structural changes in the economy of OIC member countries and there is also a positive and significant effect of the ICTs on employment rate but the effects are diversified among oil-based as well as non-oil economies.
  Hamid Sepehrdoust and Samaneh Ebrahimnasab
  Household expenditure on life insurance is one of the economic financial indicators of the society and plays an important role in mobilizing household’s saving resources towards financial market development. Experimental evidence indicate that despite increasing importance of economic factors in life insurance market; decision making policies are heavily influenced by institutional factors, creating a large variation in life insurance consumption across developing countries. The present study aims to investigate the economic, regulatory and political factors determining life insurance demand in developing economies during the years 1999 to 2011. For this purpose, an econometric panel model was used to analyze the relevant data of life insurance demand in selected developing countries for the period of study. The results show that the regulatory variables including the governance of law and quality of rules and regulations, political factors including issues of political stability and democracy have positive and significant effect on life insurance demand. While economic variables including GDP per capita, financial development index and unemployment rate have positive effect, while inflation rate has negative effect on life insurance demand.
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