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Articles by Hamed R. Takruri
Total Records ( 6 ) for Hamed R. Takruri
  Osama A. Kensara , Omar F. Helal , Ehab M. Abd El-Kafy , Khloud J. Ghafouri , Mazen M. Ghaith , Fatmah J. Alsolami , Alaa H. Qadhi , Hamed R. Takruri , Abdelelah S. Jazar , Mohammed O. Ibrahim , Awfa Y. Alazzeh and Firas S. Azzeh
  Background and Objective: Vitamin D has been shown to improve muscle strength and bone health; consequently, be important for maintaining good balance. Possible risk factors related to postural stability in young adults still underdetermined. However, this study was designed to determine the effect of vitamin D status on postural stability. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 704 healthy young adult males were enrolled in this study. Dynamic balance was measured as overall stability index (OSI) using biodex balance system (BBS). Vitamin D deficiency was defined when its serum level <20 ng mL1. The effect size was measured for vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the interaction between vitamin D and PTH (VTD*PTH) with respect to the OSI values. Correlations between variables were examined according to the beta standardised coefficient (β) and the effect size was measured using the partial eta-squared (η2) test. Results: About 95, 3.8 and 1.2% of individuals had deficient, insufficient and normal vitamin D levels, respectively. Vitamin D had no significant effect to OSI, but PTH exhibited a significant correlation with OSI (adjusted β = 0.095, p = 0.038). A significant effect size was observed between OSI and PTH (adjusted partial η2 = 0.012, p = 0.038) and between OSI and VTD*PTH (adjusted partial η2 = 0.034, p<0.001). Conclusion: A significant interaction of vitamin D deficiency and high PTH on postural stability is detected among healthy adult males.
  Ref`at A. Alkurd , Hamed R. Takruri and `Mo`ez Al-Islam` E. Faris
  This paper evaluates the intakes of the trace elements: iron, zinc and selenium as obtained from food consumption calculations based on the most recent data of JHEIS, 2006. The estimated mineral intake was analyzed using a nutrition analysis software program (Food Processor SQL, 2008). The nutrient intake of these 3 trace elements for different governorates was calculated. The results showed that the means of daily per capita intake of iron, zinc and selenium were 21.2 mg, 9.3 mg and 154.4 μg, respectively. Chicken meat was the first animal food among the richest top 10 foods in iron; it provided small amount of iron (0.9 mg, 6% of total consumption). The rest food sources of iron were of plant origin, of which bread topped the list (8.3 mg) followed by molukhyia (Corchorus olitorius L.) (1.0 mg). Also results showed that bread provided 2.7 mg zinc (29% of total consumption). Similarly, bread was the first source of selenium (86.7 μg, 56% of consumption). There was a variation in the estimated intake of these nutrients among different governorates.It is obvious that bread is the leading food of the top ten food sources of iron, zinc and selenium; this might be due to the fact that wheat flour is fortified with vitamins and minerals, including iron and zinc. However, it should be noted that bioavailability of minerals such as iron and zinc from plant food sources is low.
  Maysoun S. Qutob , Hamed R. Takruri and Farihan F. Barghouti
  A convenient study was conducted to evaluate vitamin B12 status among young healthy adult Jordanians and to check for the true vitamin B12 deficiency. One hundred sixty five subjects were recruited in the study. The subjects were chosen to be healthy aged between 20-40 years. Participants were asked to fill a detailed questionnaire that covers social and medical data as well as data on frequency consumption of food sources of vitamin B12. Blood tests including CBC, blood film and serum vitamin B12 level were done for all volunteers. For those with serum B12 <300 pg/ml, plasma Methylmalonic Acid (MMA) was measured to confirm deficiency. Results showed that 27.3% had vitamin B12 deficiency according to standard B12 deficiency definition (<200 pg/ml), 41.8% had serum B12 between 201-300 pg/ml and 30.9% had normal B12 levels (>300 pg/ml). Among those with B12 <300 pg/ml, 47.4% had confirmed deficiency, using MMA as an indicator. Even, 44.9% of those with serum B12 between 201-300 pg/ml had confirmed B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 status was found to be positively correlated with age, but negatively correlated with MCV. No significant associations were found between B12 status and gender, BMI, household size and total vitamin B12 intake. It is concluded that serum B12 level is not a specific test for true vitamin B12 deficiency. Furthermore, dietary vitamin B12 intake by itself is not an indicator of B12 deficiency.
  Hadeel A. Ghazzawi , Hamed R. Takruri and Hiba F. Al- Sayyed
  This research evaluates the intakes of the antioxidant vitamins A (retinol), C (ascorbic acid) and E (tocopherols) as obtained from food consumption calculations based on the most recent food budget survey in Jordan (JHEIS, 2010). The estimated antioxidants intakes were analyzed using a nutrition analysis software program (Food Processor, 2008). The results showed that the means of daily per capita intakes of vitamin A, C and E were 781 μg, 123.3 and 8.4 mg/day, respectively. Amongst the Jordanian household intakes tomato was the best source of vitamins A and C. Beside tomatoes, carrots, fresh spinach and melon were at the top of vitamin A food sources. In addition, corn and olive oils and Jordanian bread were at the top of vitamin E sources. Tomatoes, citrus, green peppers and cucumber were the best sources of vitamin C. It is concluded that the Jordanian diet meets the recommendations of vitamin A and that vitamin C intake was higher than the recommendations whereas vitamin E intake was below the recommendations.
  Jamila H. Mraish and Hamed R. Takruri
  This study aimed at: evaluation of macronutrient intake and some of the anthropometric measurements (weight, height) and BMI (Body mass index) in a group of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Jordan. The study sample consisted of 60 subjects (47 females, 13 males), aged between 20-50 years, who attend the National Multiple Sclerosis Beta-Interferon Committee. A three-day food record was also used to collect dietary intake data. The studied sample was divided into three age groups: group 1: 20-29 years (n = 29), group 2: 30-39 years (n = 18) and group 3: 40-50 years (n = 13). The mean weight of the patients was 66.63 kg, mean height was 164.04 cm and mean BMI was 24.71. Sixty percent of the subjects had normal weight, whereas 5% had underweight status. Energy and carbohydrate intake of the whole sample was <90% of DRI (Dietary reference intake), whereas protein and fat intakes were >90% of recommended values. The intake of total polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 and omega-6 were inadequate (42.2, 44.7 and 45.9% of DRI, respectively). It could be concluded that multiple sclerosis patients in Jordan generally have adequate macronutrient intakes, but inadequate intake of essential fatty acids. No significant differences could be found between sample age groups. However, both anthropometric and nutritional variables of the patients were affected by gender.
  Amira M. Amr , Hamed R. Takruri , Maha S. Shomaf , Omar A. Alhaj , Mo`ez Al-Islam E. Faris and Wael M. Abdel-Rahman
  Background and Objective: Camel milk is a folk remedy that includes valuable nutrients and bioactive zoochemicals. However, the chemopreventive potential of camel milk against colon carcinogenesis is poorly understood. This study was conducted to investigate the chemopreventive potential of camel (Camelus dromedarius) and bovine milk as well as the impact of fermenting these milks with Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus against early colon carcinogenesis as measured by the reduction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in azoxymethane (AOM)-treated Fischer 344 rats. Methodology: Each of 60 weanling male rats was assigned to one of 6 experimental diet groups: Fermented and unfermented camel milk with AOM, fermented and unfermented bovine milk with AOM and positive (PC, AOM only) and negative (NC, saline vehicle only) control groups. The animals were fed the corresponding diets for 3 weeks and then received two subcutaneous injections of AOM or vehicle for 2 consecutive weeks and they were then placed on the corresponding diets for 11 weeks. At termination, all rats were euthanized, colons were harvested and the ACF counts were determined for all tested groups. Immunohistochemical testing was then performed to examine cell proliferation and apoptosis in the camel milk groups. Results: Significant reductions (p<0.05) (48.4-62.1%) in the total ACF count were observed in the colons of the rats fed all milk diets compared with rats fed on PC. However, significant differences were not observed in the total ACF between the camel and bovine milk diets or between the fermented and unfermented milk diets. In addition, significant changes were not observed in the apoptotic index for the camel milk diet compared with the index values for PC and β-catenin was generally localized to the membrane in all examined specimens. Conclusion: By virtue of its bioactive components, camel milk exhibited a chemopreventive potential against early colon carcinogenesis, however, fermentation did not improve its chemopreventive potential.
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