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Articles by Hadi Riyadi
Total Records ( 12 ) for Hadi Riyadi
  Ali Rosid , Ali Khomsan , Budi Setiawan , Hadi Riyadi and Dodik Briawan
  Temulawak has a role as antioxidant to prevent oxidative stress. This study aimed to assess the effect of temulawak extract on the MDA level (Malondialdehyde) of athletes. The double blind control trials were used, conducted on thirty five football athletes aged 14-18 years of Student Education and Exercise Center. The students were grouped and each received one of five different treatments for 21 days as follows: capsules of temulawak extract which contain of (1) curcumin of 250 mg (2) curcumin of 500 mg (3) curcumin of 750 mg, (4) capsule of multivitamin and mineral (which contain 5000 IU of beta carotene, 200 IU of vitamin E, 500 mg of vitamin C, Zn of 15 mg, selenium of 50 mcg) and (5) placebo, which received a capsule contain of cellulose (avizel). The characteristics of samples of five treatments were not significantly different (p>0.05). Before intervention were no significantly different on mean of MDA and SOD in five treatment groups (p>0.05). After intervention, the MDA level in all groups were decreased, except in placebo group. ANOVA test showed that there were mean differences of MDA level on five groups of interventions (p<0.05). ANCOVA test showed that mean reduction of MDA level on placebo group were significantly different with group received capsules which contain curcumin of 250, 500 and 750 mg/day and MVM (p<0.05). Temulawak extract had capability to reduce MDA level, significantly. The highest reduction of MDA level was done by administration of temulawak extract which contain curcumin 750 mg.
  Mansur Jauhari , Ahmad Sulaeman , Hadi Riyadi and Ikeu Ekayant
  Resistance exercise associated with muscle tissue damage, needs recovery immediately. Protein is the major nutrient that plays roles in tissue damage recovery. Drink made from tempeh extract is rich in protein content that may be used for muscle damage recovery. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of administering tempeh extract on muscle damage recovery. A double blind control trial method was applied in this study. Eighteen semi-trained men (18-24 y) were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6 each) i.e: group 1 received tempeh-extract (contain~23 g protein), group 2 received whey drink (contain~23 g protein) and the third group which received placebo drink, after exercise. Subjects performed resistance exercise with load of 75% of maximum strength (1 RM) with squats which was divided into six set of fifteen repetition with a 2 minute rest interval between sets. Creatine kinase level (CK), muscle strength and muscle soreness as marker of muscle damage were recorded before exercise and at six, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h post exercise. Administering of tempeh-extract drink significantly decreased the CK level and increased maximal strength at 24 h compared to placebo group, however no significantly different in muscle soreness.
  Hidayah Dwiyanti , Hadi Riyadi , Rimbawan Rimbawan , Evy Damayanthi , Ahmad Sulaeman and Ekowati Handharyani
  A sixteen weeks experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding CPO and RPO enriched palm sugar on liver retinol and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration in vitamin A depletion rats. Thirty-four-weeks old-male Sprague Dawley rats were received the standard diet (AIN-93M) for two weeks as adaptation period, after that 24 rats followed by vitamin A-free diet, for 10 weeks as a depletion period and of six remaining rats were given the standard diet as a control group. The depleted rats were then divided into 3 groups and received daily for 4 weeks as repletion period either a red palm oil (RPO) or crude palm oil (CPO) enriched palm sugar, or retinyl palmitate (RE) which each treatment contain approximately 40 μg beta carotene. Rats were blood-sampled at week 2 and week 4 and liver retinol and immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration were determined. The body weight was taken every 5 days. Increasing on liver retinol concentration in rat administered retinyl-palmitate was higher than in rat administered CPO or RPO enriched palm sugar (p = 0.0136) which the increased in RE, CPO and RPO groups of 115.4, 86.4 and 61.7%, respectively. However, administering of enriched palm sugar both of CPO and RPO for 2-4 weeks can improve vitamin A status to above cut off point which increase from 0.063 μmol/g liver up to 0.107-0.117 μmol/g liver in CPO group and 0.079-0.102 μmol/g liver in RPO group. On the other hand, serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) level of animal administered palm sugar containing CPO or RPO were higher than in rat administered retinyl palmitate (p = 0.0073), which is indicated by increasing levels of serum IgG in both groups of CPO and RPO, that is equal to 225 and 216.01 percent, respectively compared to RE group of 59.98 percent. From this research we conclude that coconut palm sugar enriched with CPO or RPO were potentially as food-based intervention to overcome vitamin A deficiency.
  Annisa Rizkiriani , Ali Khomsan and Hadi Riyadi
  Hypertension has been demonstrated in several populations to have a positive correlation with obesity. Persistent hypertension in adolescents is often predictive of future hypertension in adults, cardiovascular disease and early death. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and the associated risk of hypertension among adolescents in Jakarta, Indonesia. The cross sectional study was conducted to 213 adolescents. Weight, height and blood pressure were measured using standard methods. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized by age and sex. The prevalences of normal and obese among the adolescents were 69.0 and 6.1%, respectively. The prevalences of hypertensive range systolic blood pressure among the adolescents categorized as normal and obese were 42.2 and 76.9%, respectively and those of hypertensive range diastolic blood pressure among the normal and obese ones were 21.1 and 38.5%, respectively. Pearson’s correlation analyses between BMI for age and systolic blood pressure (r = 0.310; p = 0.000) and between BMI for age and diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.168; p = 0.014) demonstrated positive correlations. The sufficiency levels of energy, protein and carbohydrate had a significant association with the systolic blood pressure. The sufficiency levels of energy and carbohydrate were significantly associated with the diastolic blood pressure. The determinant factors of the systolic blood pressure were the sufficiency levels of calcium, protein, iron and carbohydrate and those of the diastolic blood pressure were the sufficiency levels of energy and carbohydrate. A long-term follow up of hypertension in adolescents into adulthood is recommended.
  Rian Diana , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  This study aimed to determine whether the household vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level improve with a home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program. Quasi experimental nonequivalent groups design. The study was conducted in Sukajadi village as a control group and Sukajaya village as the intervention group, Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia with demographic characteristics of rural areas on December 2011-June 2013. Mothers toddlers in control group 31 mothers and intervention group 30 mothers. Vegetable consumption and dietary intake of vitamin A was measured by food recall method 2×24 h. Nutrition knowledge of the intervention group was increased 12.3 point after the nutrition extension were given (p<0.001). Vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake in both groups was still below the WHO recommendation. The increased of vegetable consumption in control and intervention group was 12.5 and 18 g/cap/day, respectively. The increased of vitamin A intake in control and intervention group was 18.1 and 4 RE, respectively. Although the consumption of vegetable and intake of vitamin A slightly increased compared to baseline data, however the difference was not significant. There was a positive impact of nutritional extension program on nutrition knowledge, but the home gardening utilization and nutritional extension program not significantly improved vegetable consumption and vitamin A intake at household level in Tamansari Subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java, Indonesia.
  Ali Khomsan , Merita , Faisal Anwar , Dadang Sukandar , Hadi Riyadi , Tin Herawati , Anna Fatchiya , Mira Dewi , Siti Madanijah and Hidayat Syarief
  The success of an Integrated Service Post (Posyandu) program can be seen by its service quality. However, there are not many studies that analyze the impacts of nutritional education on the service quality of posyandus and the sustainability of the nutritional education program at posyandus. Thus, the objectives of this study were to analyze the posyandu cadre’s perception and to see the impact of nutritional education on the service quality at the posyandus. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental one. It was conducted from January 2012 to September 2013. Four villages in Bogor, West Java were selected as the research locations. The subjects were the posyandu cadres and the toddlers’ mothers in the posyandus. The results showed that counseling and supplemental feeding needed to be improved at the posyandus. The nutritional education had a significant effect to the service quality of the posyandus (p<0.05). After the follow-up, there was a decline in the satisfaction level of the toddlers’ mothers but that was still better than at the baseline. This means that, the nutritional education and provision of the facilities are sustainable and able to improve the service quality of the posyandus when continuously given by the cadres.

  Norhasanah , Hadi Riyadi and Dadang Sukandar
  The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the nutritional status of the elderly in state nursing home and Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). This study used a cross-sectional method in which the number of respondents were 35 elderly people in the state nursing home and 25 elderly people in the NGO. Pearson correlation test results showed an association between emotional support, self-esteem support, appetite, carbohydrate adequacy and health status on nutritional status of the elderly. Results of regression with forward method showed that the dominant variable affecting the nutritional status, the type of institution, emotional support, appetite and carbohydrate adequacy. Appetite was the most influential factor on the nutritional status. The allocation of the government budget for NGO also need to be considered, not just focused on the state nursing home. For state nursing home and NGO should further strengthen and improve the programs that already exist relating to the improvement of the nutritional status of the elderly, such as counseling or education to elderly about the importance of balanced nutrition and physical activity, more in-depth communication on an individual basis especially for the elderly who experience psychosocial problems such as depression or lack of life satisfaction, increase productivity activities that stimulate the elderly so that they feel more valued and more motivated in life.
  Ali Rosidi , Ali Khomsan , Budi Setiawan , Hadi Riyadi and Dodik Briawan
  Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza roxb) is a medicinal plant of the Zingiberaceae family. It grows in Indonesia and is used as a raw material for Indonesian traditional medicine. Temulawak is known to have many benefits, including being a potential antioxidant. The active component that is responsible for antioxidant activity in temulawak is curcumin. This study aims to analyze the potential of temulawak rhizome as an antioxidant. The raw materials used were obtained from temulawak rhizome farmers in Purworejo, Central Java. Extraction was performed using the liquid-liquid extraction method developed by PT Javaplant. Proximate analysis was performed and the antioxidant properties and curcumin level were measured. The antioxidant properties were measured using the DPPH method, whereas curcumin levels were measured using HPLC. The data obtained were processed and analyzed using SPSS and presented in the descriptive form. The curcumin and yield contents of the sample were 27.19 and 1.02%, respectively. The antioxidant capacity of temulawak (IC50) was 87.01 ppm. The Temulawak extract exhibited antioxidant activity that was classified as active and is therefore considered to be a good natural antioxidant.
  Nurul Muslihah , Ali Khomsan , Dodik Briawan and Hadi Riyadi
  The first of 1000 days of life have been considered critical time for child growth and development. The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement of gross motor development and early social and language milestones among infants who received SQ-LNS (small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements), biscuits, or no intervention. A 6-month, non-randomized, controlled trial was performed among 220 infants who received 20 g of LNS (n = 70) or a 30 g of biscuit (n = 79) or who were controls with no intervention (n = 53). The percentage of children able to perform hand and knees crawling was significantly higher in the LNS group (100%) than in the control group (94.8%) after 3 months of the intervention. After 6 months of the intervention, the percentage of children able to walk alone was significantly higher in the LNS group (55.7%) than in the control group (37.7%) and the biscuit group (36.7%). Compared with children in the control group, the odds ratio (95% CI) of walking alone in the LNS group was 2.03 greater and significantly different (OR 2.03; 95% CI 1.03; 4.30, p = 0.040). There was no significance difference in the percentage of children able to say a single comprehensible word and to wave goodbye among the study groups. There was no significant difference in the percentage of children able to drink from a cup among three study groups (control group 69.8%, LNS group 82.9%, biscuit group 73.4%, p>0.05). The percentage of children able to eat alone in the control group (81.1%) was lower and significantly different compared to the LNS group (98.6%) and the biscuit group (98.7%). Smallquantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for six months had positive effects on the achievement of selected gross motor development skills during childhood in rural Indonesia.
  Cica Yulia , Ali Khomsan , Dadang Sukandar and Hadi Riyadi
  Background and Objective: Nutritional status could affect schoolchildren’s health and cognitive function, which may then influence their learning achievement. Overweight and obesity are common nutritional problems in schoolchildren and can negatively affect their health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the nutritional status, lipid profile and blood pressure of primary schoolchildren in urban areas of West Java, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. The total sample in this study included 95 fifth grade students at public elementary schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc least significant difference (LSD) tests was conducted to analyze the differences between groups using IBM SPSS Ver 22.0 software. Results: Overall, 28.4% (27 people), 32.6% (31 people) and 38.9% (37 people) of the schoolchildren were in the normal, overweight and obese nutritional status groups, respectively. The average levels of blood parameters were 171.4±33.7 mg dL–1 for total cholesterol, 126.1±66.1 mg dL–1 for triglycerides, 111.1±33.8 mg dL–1 for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and 49.2±9.8 mg dL–1 for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The average systolic blood pressure was 107.3±12.3 mmHg, while the average diastolic blood pressure was 69.8±11.0 mmHg. HDL-C and systolic blood pressure differed significantly in normal nutritional status, overweight and obese children (p<0.05).Conclusion:Triglycerides, HDL-C and blood pressure differed among schoolchildren with normal nutritional status, overweight and obesity.
  Risti Kurnia Dewi , Ali Khomsan , Hadi Riyadi and Rian Diana
  Background and Objective: It is important for pregnant women to have a good quality diet since it affects their nutritional status and that of the fetus. The present study analyzed the correlation between dietary quality and nutritional status of pregnant women in Sumenep Regency, Madura Island, Indonesia. Methodology: The present cross-sectional study assessed the nutritional status and the dietary quality of 145 pregnant women aged 18-49 years living in Sumenep Regency. The nutritional status was analyzed based on Gestational Weight Gain (GWG). Alternate Healthy Eating Index for Pregnancy (AHEI-P) and Indonesian-adapted AHEI-P was used to analyze the dietary quality. A validity test was conducted on both AHEI-Ps by analyzing the Pearson correlation coefficient. Pearson analysis was also used to analyze correlations between dietary quality and GWG. Results: The result showed 62.15% of subjects had inadequate Gestational Weight Gain (GWG). Validity testing of the adapted AHEI-P showed a higher validity score compared to the unadapted version (0.804 versus 0.783). According to both AHEI-P analyses, the dietary quality of most subjects needed improvement. Subjects whose GWGs were inadequate had the lowest mean score for both AHEI-Ps but no significant correlation (p>0.05) was found between GWG and either AHEI-P. Conclusion: Overall, subjects needed to improve their dietary quality. Although AHEI-P scores increased with improvements in GWG, no significant correlations were found.
  Deni Elnovriza , Hadi Riyadi , Rimbawan , Evy Damayanthi and Adi Winarto
  Background and Objectives: Bilih fish is a potential local food of West Sumatera, Indonesia and it is high in zinc. Fish flour, including that of Bilih fish, is a processed fish product that has not been primarily utilized for food. The levels of zinc in fish flour range from 12.83-22.92 mg. Hence, Bilih fish flour can serve as an alternative food source of zinc for people with diabetes mellitus, who usually exhibit low serum levels of zinc. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Bilih fish flour on the levels of blood glucose, MDA and SOD in diabetic rat models. Materials and Methods: This study used a Randomized Complete Design (RCD). Twenty-four white male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain were placed into the following four groups: Normal and diabetic rats that were fed either the standard feed or Bilih fish flour with a zinc dose of 27 mg kg1 of feed and 13.5 mg kg1 of feed. A single dose of Streptozotocin (STZ) (40 mg kg1) was used to induce diabetes in the rats. The intervention lasted for 14 days. The data obtained were subjected to Wilcoxon analysis to compare the blood glucose levels before and after the intervention. The differences in MDA and SOD levels between groups were determined with one-way ANOVA followed by Duncan's new multiple range test. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The intervention with Bilih fish flour resulted in a decrease in blood glucose levels. Intervention with Bilih fish flour with a dose of zinc of 0.54 mg lowered blood glucose as much as 38.95% and a dose of zinc of 0.27 mg lowered blood glucose as much as 32.45%, which was a significant decrease (p<0.05). The levels of MDA in rats that received intervention with Bilih were 9.87±2.88 μmol L1 for the D-P1 group and 11.88±10.5 μmol L1 for the D-P2 group, which were both lower compared to the control diabetic rats (D) (14.35±6.4 μmol L1). The levels of SOD in rats that received intervention with Bilih with the high zinc content were higher compared to the diabetic rats with standard feed but this increase was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: Bilih fish flour with a high zinc content lowered blood sugar levels but did not decrease the oxidative stress levels based on MDA and SOD levels in a diabetic rat model. MDA was not decreased and SOD was not increased significantly compared to diabetic controls.
 
 
 
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