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Articles by H.M. Daud
Total Records ( 3 ) for H.M. Daud
  A. Sheikhlar , A.R. Alimon , H.M. Daud and C.R. Saad
  Methanol extract of Morus alba Foliage (MFE) was studied to evaluate its effect on hematological parameters and liver histology of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). The trial consisted of five diets preparation, i.e., control diet (diet 1) and four tested diets supplemented, respectively with 2 g MFE kg-1 (MFE-2), 5 g MFE kg-1 (MFE -5), 7 g MFE kg-1 (MFE -7) and 9 g MFE kg-1 (MFE -9) of Dry Matter (DM) diet. Results showed fish fed with MFE-5 and MFE-7 diets had (p<0.05) the highest RBC counts, Hb content, albumin and total protein levels among other dietary groups while MFE-9 showed the poorest RBC, albumin and total protein. Histological study indicated that fish received MFE-9 diet showed minor degenerative changes in the liver. In conclusion, methanol extract of Morus alba at 7 g kg-1 of diet has no adverse impact on hematology and liver’s histology in African catfish.
  A. Sheikhlar , A.R. Alimon , H.M. Daud , C.R. Saad and H. Shanagi
  In the present study, the effect of aqueous and methanol extracts of Trigonella foenum-graecum seed (fenugreek), Citrus limon peel (lemon) and Morus alba foliage (mulberry) against two Gram- negative bacteria, Aeromonas hydrophila and Escherichia coli and two Gram-positive bacteria, Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus aureus were investigated and the phytochemical compounds of the tested herbal extracts were determined. The results indicated that the aqueous extracts of Trigonella foenum-graecum seed and Citrus limon peel revealed weak antibacterial activity against the bacteria. The methanol extracts of all herbs exhibited stronger antimicrobial activities against the tested pathogens. Among the entire methanol extracts, the Morus alba had the strongest activities. Aeromonas hydrophila was the most sensitive microorganism tested. The phytochemical screening of the plants showed the presence of secondary metabolites such as phenols, volatile oils, tannins, saponins, steroids, flavonoid, terpenoids and alkaloids.
  S.A. Hosseini , C.R. Saad , M.S. Bourani , H.M. Daud , S.A. Harmin , H. Zokaei Far and H. Abdi
  Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of weight on the ionic regulation ability of reared Rutilus frisii kutum fingerlings during adaptation to the seawater and downstream migration. Accordingly, the ionic regulation ability of Cl-, K+, Na+ and Mg2+ in kutum fingerlings with weights of 1, 3, 5 and 7 g in three different salinities, that is 13‰ (the Caspian Sea salinity), 7‰ (estuarine area) and fresh water (as control, 0.3-0.5‰), were assessed. The blood samples were provided before being transferred as control (fresh water) and during adaptation to the sea and estuary water in a period of up to 336 h by a pooling method. The measurements of ions were carried out for blood serum Na+ and K+ and alsoplasma Cl-1 and Mg2+ by photometric methods. This investigation showed that ionic regulatory ability of kutum fingerlings depends on their weights. Results of ionic changes during the duration of 336 h (14 days) proved that unlike kutum fingerling with weights of 3, 5 and 7 g, the ionic regulation system in 1 g fingerlings were not able to expel excess ions. Further 1 g kutum were not physiologically ready (smolt) for downstream migration.
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