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Articles by H.A. Kumshe
Total Records ( 2 ) for H.A. Kumshe
  Y.A. Geidam , H.A. Kumshe , M.Y. Bukar-Kolo , I.A. Gulani and Z.N. Margimari
  Chick quality assessment was carried out on layer day-old chicks supplied to Maiduguri. A total of 30 layer day-old chicks, comprising of 10 chicks each from three major suppliers were used for this study. Physical, microbiological and serological qualities were assessed. Although the chicks from source C had a higher mean body weight (33.1±0.4 g), there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the mean body weight among chicks from all sources. Similarly, no significant difference (p>0.05) was found in the agility between the three sources. However, chicks from source C showed significantly (p<0.05) higher mean chick length (18.2±0.21 cm) than chicks from other sources. Ten percent mortality was recorded in chicks from source A, while no mortality was recorded in chicks from sources B and C. Hundred percent of the chicks from sources A and C had their navel completely closed while 90% navel closure was observed from source B. None of the three sources had chicks with any form of physical deformity. Seven different bacterial organisms were isolated from the cloacal and navel swabs of chicks from the different sources with Escherichia coli being the most prevalent bacteria isolated from all sources. Serological quality showed better protection against Newcastle disease than against IBD among chicks from all sources. The study revealed mixed qualities among chicks from the different sources. Minimum standards are suggested to be set for physical, microbiological and serological qualities and a regulatory body should also be established to ensure strict adherence to the minimum standards of chicks supplied to farmers in Nigeria.
  A.W. Mbaya , M. Ogwiji and H.A. Kumshe
  The effects of host demography, rainfall and season on the prevalence and parasitic load of gastrointestinal parasites of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) of the Chad Basin National Park were determined for the first time. Out of the 274 elephants examined, 36.86% were infected. Of the 178 males examined, 35.96% harboured Strongyloides, Coccidia and Strongyles with worm burdens of 75.6±0.3, 125.2±1.4 and 420.2±0.1, respectively. Among the males, the larvae of Strongyloides papillosus were recovered from those infected with Strongyloides while Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Murshidia species and Oesophagostomum columbianum were recovered from those infected with Strongyles. Those infected with Coccidia yielded Eimeria bovis. Of the 96 females examined, 38.54% were infected with Coccidia and Strongyles with 102.2±0.7 Oocysts per Gram of faeces (OPG) and 360.2±0.1 Eggs per Gram of faeces (EPG), respectively. The helminth larvae recovered from the females infected with Strongyles were; H. contortus, O. columbianum and Murshidia species, while those infected with Coccidia yielded E. bovis. Out of the 213 adults examined, 27.23% were infected with Strongyloides and Strongyles with 187.3±0.4 and 208.4±0.1 EPG, respectively. The larvae of S. papillosus were recovered from those infected with Strongyloides, while the larvae of H. contortus, O. columbianum, T. colubriformis and Murshidia were recovered from those infected with Strongyles. Of the 61 young examined, 70.49% were infected with Coccidia and Strongyloides with OPG of 88.4±0.2 and EPG of 624.4±0.2. The elephants were mostly infected in the rainy season. The worm burden and prevalence according to sex and age were highest in August. The males and young were more infected than their counterparts. In conclusion, intrinsic and extrinsic factors played a role on the prevalence and worm burden of gastrointestinal parasites of elephants of the Chad Basin National Park.
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