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Articles by H. Sedghi
Total Records ( 3 ) for H. Sedghi
  A. Ebadian , V. Alli , H. Sedghi , S. Seddighi Chaharborj and I. Fudziah
  Problem statement: In this study we tried to assess the knowledge of general population (15-45 years), injecting drug users, female sex workers, MSM and male prisoners about HIV prevention in Iran. Approach: Respondents are asked the following set of prompted questions: (a) Can we reduce the risk of HIV transmission by having sex with only one uninfected partner who has no other partners? (b) Can we reduce the risk of getting HIV by using a condom every time we have sex? (c) Can have HIV a healthy-looking person? (d) Can a person get HIV by sharing food with someone who is infected? (e) Can a person get HIV from mosquito bits? Results: In this study at compared with the resent studies we saw that, the general knowledge on the effect of consistent and correct use of condom as means of HIV prevention has been increased. There is a decrease in the number of the youth that assume sting of a mosquito can transmit HIV. There were no remarkable change in the perception of the thought that HIV is not transmitted through eating and the possibility of people living with HIV are safe. Conclusion: The current meta-analysis indicated that the awareness on the positive effect of condomization on HIV prevention has increased in recent years, but it is still far from being satisfactory and other basic knowledge about HIV has not improved and there is still a substantial gap with the desired figures.
  H. Sedghi , S. Zare , H. Hayatgeibi , S. Alivandi and A.G. Ebadi
  This study investigated the bio-effects of 50 Hz MF exposure on some Immunological factors (ACTH, cortisol and glucose levels) in male Guinea pigs. The capacity of 50 Hz Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) to interfere in the weakness of endocrine system has been a relevant fact into the scientific community, since we are more susceptible for this kind of exposure, in modern days. The 60-day-old Guinea pigs, which average of weight was 350-400 g, the Guinea pigs were divided in two groups, one of them was the control group while the other one suffered interference of a variable EMF of 50 Hz, intensity 0.207μT, 4 hours a day, for a 5 consecutive he results were collected by the weight comparison before and after of the exposure period, as well as the cortisol and glucose levels. These facts are strongly linked with the immunological system. After 5 days, the animals were anaesthetized and had their blood withdrew from their hearts. The samples produced serum where ACTH (quimiluminescent method), cortisol (radioimunoassay method) and glucose (oxidative method) levels were evaluated. The results showed that 50 Hz EMF acted on rats without any significant weight change, but affecting ACTH,cortisol and glucose levels in a significant way, 33.06% (p=0.033); 27.00% (p=0.004) and 56.23% (p=0.014) respectively when were compared with the control group. For this reason, EMF is able to change the serum levels of ACTH, cortisol and glucose, possible changing the endocrinological regulations.
  H. Sedghi , S. Zare , H. Hayatgeibi , S. Alivandi and A.G. Ebadi
  There are several reports that indicate a linkage between exposures to power frequency (50-60 Hz) magnetic fields with abnormalities in the serum biochemical parameters. The present study was designed to understand whether power frequency magnetic fields could act as an environmental insult and invoke any biochemical changes in Guinea pigs. Male Guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups each comprising of 36 animals. Group 1 as control was found sham-exposed animals. Groups 2 to 4 exposed to 50 Hz (0.0207 μT) in three different times (1, 2 and 4 h), respectively for 5 consecutive days. We found significant decreases in the levels of total protein, β- and y-globulins and in the activities of γ-glutamyltranspeptidase and malate dehydrogenase. The activity of aspartate aminotransferase decreased, but the activity of alanine aminotransferase was unchanged. Total lipid, cholesterol, triglycerides and pre-β-lipoproteins decreased, but α-lipoproteins, glucoseand cortisol levels increased. The most pronounced changes in the biochemical parameters studied were found in workers with the longest exposure to an electromagnetic field.
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