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Articles by H. Renz
Total Records ( 2 ) for H. Renz
  T. W Stief , A Richter , B Maisch and H. Renz
 

There are no reliable data on functional plasminogen in the blood of patients receiving fibrinolytic treatment. Here, artifactual in vitro changes of functional plasminogen were prevented by arginine stabilization blood samples of myocardial infarction patients: 12 received 36.4 mg reteplase in bolus, and 1 patient received 100 mg tissue plasminogen activator in continuous infusion. Arginine (1.5 M, 1.3 mL, pH 8.7) was used to stabilize 2.6 mL ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid-blood. The arginine-stabilized plasma was analyzed with a functional oxidative assay for plasminogen. Functional plasminogen decreased within 2 minutes of reteplase treatment by about 40% and by about 80% after 60 minutes. Lowest plasminogen concentrations were found in plasmas with highest plasmin activities. Chloramine oxidation of purified Glu-plasminogen increased its activation by urokinase up to 3-fold. Arginine stabilization allows reliable determinations of functional plasminogen in the blood of patients receiving fibrinolytics, enabling the rapid diagnosis of prothrombotic plasminogen consumption. The present findings support the profibrinolytic action of chloramines.

  M. L Conrad , R Ferstl , R Teich , S Brand , N Blumer , A. O Yildirim , C. C Patrascan , A Hanuszkiewicz , S Akira , H Wagner , O Holst , E von Mutius , P. I Pfefferle , C. J Kirschning , H Garn and H. Renz
 

The pre- and postnatal environment may represent a window of opportunity for allergy and asthma prevention, and the hygiene hypothesis implies that microbial agents may play an important role in this regard. Using the cowshed-derived bacterium Acinetobacter lwoffii F78 together with a mouse model of experimental allergic airway inflammation, this study investigated the hygiene hypothesis, maternal (prenatal) microbial exposure, and the involvement of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in prenatal protection from asthma. Maternal intranasal exposure to A. lwoffii F78 protected against the development of experimental asthma in the progeny. Maternally, A. lwoffii F78 exposure resulted in a transient increase in lung and serum proinflammatory cytokine production and up-regulation of lung TLR messenger RNA. Conversely, suppression of TLRs was observed in placental tissue. To investigate further, the functional relevance of maternal TLR signaling was tested in TLR2/3/4/7/9–/– knockout mice. The asthma-preventive effect was completely abolished in heterozygous offspring from A. lwoffii F78–treated TLR2/3/4/7/9–/– homozygous mother mice. Furthermore, the mild local and systemic inflammatory response was also absent in these A. lwoffii F78–exposed mothers. These data establish a direct relationship between maternal bacterial exposures, functional maternal TLR signaling, and asthma protection in the progeny.

 
 
 
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