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Articles by H. Nemati
Total Records ( 3 ) for H. Nemati
  M.H. Aminifard , H. Aroiee , S. Karimpour and H. Nemati
  This study was conducted to determine the effects of different plant densities (20x50 cm, 30x50 cm, 20x100 cm, 30x100 cm) on plant growth characteristics and fruit yield of paprika pepper (Capsicum annum L.) in open field. Plant height, leaf chlorophyll content, flower number, yield, fruit seed number, 1000 seed weight and vitamin C were assessed at immature and mature. The results indicated that vegetative growth characteristics (plant height, lateral stem length and leaf chlorophyll content) reduced as plant density increased. The highest lateral stem number and leaf number were obtained in plants density 30x100 cm. Plant density affected on flowering factors (node number to first flower, days to 1st flowering and flower number). The days to 1st flowering increased as plant density increased. It was observed that fruit volume, fruit average weight, plant yield and seed number decreased with increasing plant density, but total yield ha-1 increased with increasing plant density. The highest and lowest of yield ha-1 were obtained by 20x50 cm and 30x100 cm spacing, respectively. Also plant density significantly affected on Vitamin C. The highest and lowest vitamin C were observed in 30x100 cm and 30x50 cm spacing, respectively.
  A. Mirshamsi , M. Farsi , F. Shahriari and H. Nemati
  Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPD) were used to estimate genetic distances and determine the correlation between genetic distance and hybrid performance of 29 tomato lines that were the parents in a diallel mating design. Among 97 observed bands, 69 showed polymorphism and were used for establishing genetic distances based on the Nei coefficient between parents. A UPGMA dendrogram and Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis based on Nei genetic distances clearly clustered each group, confirming the variation at a molecular level. Correlations between genetic distances of the parents and performances of hybrids were established for various quantitative traits. Significant correlations were found between RAPD markers estimated genetic distances and MPH, HPH, SCA for some traits. The low correlation between parental genetic distances and hybrid performances for some quantitative traits suggested that RAPD markers have low linkage to Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) or have inadequate genome coverage for these traits. The results indicated that RAPD markers can be used as a tool for determining the extent of genetic diversity among tomato lines, for allocating genotypes into different groups and also to aid in the choice of the superior crosses to be made among tomato lines, so reducing the number of crosses required under field evaluation.
  H. Nemati , T. Nazdar , M. Azizi and H. Arouiee
  In order to compare of different methods and identify the optimum condition for tomato seed extraction, factorial experiments with 3 replications was conducted. In the first experiment, pulp of two tomato cultivars (Faraon, Dominator) were fermented at two temperatures (25, 35°C) and six periods (24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144 h). The germination of seeds in laboratory as well as seedling emergence and preliminary growth in greenhouse were studied and measured. The results showed that effect of cultivar on traits (except of seedling emergence) was significant. Also the effect of temperature of fermentation, duration of fermentation and also interaction effects of them on seed germination were significant. Totally seed quality decreased with increasing temperature and duration of fermentation and the fermentation duration from 24 to 48 h at temperature 25°C, is recommended. In the second experiment, tomato seeds were extracted by HCL (pH was arranged to 1, 2, 3 for 10, 20, 30 min), H2SO4 (pH was arranged to 1, 2, for 15, 30 min), Sodium carbonate (5, 10% for 24 and 48 h) and fermentation. Percentage germination, germination rate, length of radicle and length of plumule were used for seed quality assessment. The results showed that interaction effect between pH and duration of HCL treatments was significant for seed germination (percentage and rate) and there was an interaction effect between concentration and duration for germination rate in alkali treatments. Different extraction methods had not detrimental effect on percentage germination, but acid treatments produce very bright clean seeds in compare to other treatments.
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