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Articles by H. Madani
Total Records ( 3 ) for H. Madani
  N.A. Sajedi , M.R. Ardakani , A. Naderi , H. Madani and M. Mashhadi Akbar Boojar
  Problem statement: To investigate the effect of nutrient application on agronomical characteristic and water use efficiency under water deficit stress of hybrid maize 704, an experiment was arranged in a split plot factorial based on a complete randomized block design with four replicates in the research station of Islamic Azad University-Arak Branch, Iran in 2007. Approach: Main factors studied were four irrigation levels including irrigation equal to crop water requirement, water deficit stress at eight-leaf stage (V8), stage of blister (R2) and stage of filling grain in the main plot. Combined levels of selenium treatment (without and with application 20 g ha-1) were applied 2 weeks before execution of water stress treatment and micronutrients (without and with application) that was provided by specific fertilizer for maize called "Biomin", which contained Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, B, Mo and Mg in the form of foliar application at six-leaf stage and 1 week before tasseling stage at the rate of 2 L ha-1 were situated in sub plots. Results: Results indicated that effect of water deficit stress on 1000 grain weight, grain yield, harvest index and water use efficiency at different growth stages was significant at 1% level. Water deficit stress decreased grain yield 33% in grain filling stage as compared with control. Using selenium increased mentioned traits but the increase was non significant. Effects of twofold interactions of water deficit stress and selenium showed that using selenium in water deficit stress condition increased measured traits as compared with treatment without selenium. A negative antagonistic interaction was found between selenium and micronutrients on some measured traits. In between treatments of water deficit stress, highest grain yield (8159.33 kg ha-1) was obtained from combined treatment of water deficit stress at eight-leaf stage with selenium application and without micronutrients which compared with treatment of irrigation equal to crop water requirement, without selenium and microelements did not differ significant. Conclusion: According to the results of experiment, using microelements in optimum water availability and using selenium in water deficit stress condition increased mentioned traits as compared to treatments control.
  H. Madani , M. Talebolhosseini , S. Asgary and G.H. Naderi
  The plant phenolic compounds such as flavonoids have an important role in the treatment of many diseases and some of them have a potent hepatoprotective effect. In this study, we have investigated the protective effects of polyphenolic extracts of Silybum marianum and Cichorium intybus on thioacethamide-induced hepatotoxicity in rat. The extracts were injected to the rats, at a dosis of 25 mg kg-1 body weight together whit thioacetamide at a dosis of 50 mg kg-1 body weight. To assess the affectivity of extracts, against thioacetamide, the activity of aminotransferases (SGOT and SGPT), alkalin phosphatase, bilirubin, Na+ and K+ were measured. Significant decrease in the activity of aminotransferases, alkalin phosphatase and bilirubin was observed in the groups treated with extracts and thioacetamide compared with the group that was treated only with thioacetamide. The level of Na+, K+ and liver weight between different groups was not significantly altered. This results prove the protective effect of extracts on liver cells. The protective effects of this extracts can be due to the presence of flavonoids compounds and their antioxidant effects.
  S. Asgary , N. Jafari Dinani , H. Madani and P. Mahzoni
  Atherosclerosis which results from gradual deposition of lipids in medium and large arteries is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Glycyrrhiza glabra is an herb of Fabacea family which contain hypolipidemic compounds and flavonoids with high antioxidative properties. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Glycyrrhiza glabra extract on blood lipids and atherosclerosis in rabbits fed with high cholesterol diet. Fifteen male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups (normal diet group, high-cholesterol diet (1% cholesterol) and a group which received high-cholesterol diet supplemented with Glycyrrhiza glabra extract (50 mg/kg body weight every other day). The concentration of Total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and HDL cholesterol was determined in rabbits at the start of the experiment, and at the end of the first and second month of the study. At the end of the experimental period the aorta was removed for assessment of atherosclerotic plaques. Results show that Glycyrrhiza glabra significantly decreases TC, LDL and TG levels and increase HDL and lessens atherosclerotic lesion in aorta. Hence Glycyrrhiza glabra extract can effectively prevent the progress of atherosclerosis. This is likely due to the effect of Glycyrrhiza glabra on plasma lipoproteins and its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
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