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Articles by H. Basri
Total Records ( 7 ) for H. Basri
  D. A. Wahab , A. Hussain , E. Scavino , M.M. Mustafa and H. Basri
  Automated sorting for plastic recyclables has been seen as the way forward in the plastic recycling industry. Automated sorting provides significant improvements in terms of efficiency and consistency in the sorting process. In the case of macro sorting, which is the most common type of automated sorting, efficiency is determined by the mechanical details of the material handling system as well as the detection system. This paper provides a review on the state of-the-art technologies that have been deployed by some of the recycling facilities abroad. The design and development of a cost effective prototype automated system for sorting plastic recyclables is proposed and discussed.
  A.R. Musa , N.M. Tawil , A.I. Che-Ani , H. Basri and M.A. Mokhtar
  The current price increase for residential homes has assumed a place as a serious issue in recent years. House prices have escalated for the past 15 years and the increase has been drastic for a lot of urban areas in several states. The issue of affordability of houses for low-income earners are often has been discussed and attention by the relevant parties. But, the problem of the ability to own a home that experienced more critical are for the middle-income. Due requirement for buying house for the middle-income group are limited because they unqualified to buy a low-cost houses but unfortunately the price of medium cost houses currently skyrocketing high. Among the factors for this increase which can be resolved and examined in this study would be the design intricacies and the price increase of construction materials. Therefore, this study will introduce the approach of basic house concept design as an avenue to overcome any issues concerning price increase. This concept is adopted as a step towards reducing the market price for houses, by reducing the use of interior construction materials but at the same time allowing the owners to add some space in the future, according to their needs. Space addition can be done horizontally and vertically whereby space or room addition can be carried out by building one’s own interior walls and adding another storey to the house, without affecting the house’s original structure. The basic housing design approach is a strategy in providing a landed affordable housing for middle income citizens where this concept offer a home with a bedroom, kitchen, toilet and living.
  R.M. Saleh , N.M. Tawil , A.I. Cheani , H. Basri and K.A. Kosman
  A house is one of the basic of human needs as it provides shelter and comfort for us to live through the lives. When owning a house, researchers can see every sort of renovation done to the original house after quite some time because when a family expand either by growth or being economically stable, they would want a better place to live in. Researcher can see the renovation trends in Malaysia are really popular even at a glance because looking at some areas in Bandar Baru Bangi, there is hardly a house that is still in its original state. This study will conclude an alternative to guide the house buyer with renovation works while still abiding the law.
  A. El-Shafie , A.E. Noureldin , M.R. Taha and H. Basri
  Developing river inflow forecast is an essential requirement for reservoir operation. Accurate forecasting results in better control of water availability, more refined operation of reservoirs and improved hydropower generation. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) models have been determined useful and efficient, particularly in problems for which the characteristics of the processes are difficult to describe using mathematical models. The ANN forecasting model is established considering the utilization of the inflow pattern of the previous three months. In this study, real inflow data collected over the last 130 years at Lake Nasser upstream Aswan High Dam (AHD) on Nile River, Egypt was used to develop and examine the performance of the proposed method. The results showed that the proposed ANN model was capable of providing monthly inflow forecasting with Relative Error (RE) less than 20%, which is considerably more accurate if compared with the pre-developed regression model. The main merit of this model is to provide accurate source of information for inflow forecasting for better reservoir operation and appropriate long-term water resources management and planning.
  M.F.M. Abushammala , N.E.A. Basri , H. Basri , A.A.H. Kadhum and A.H. El-Shafie
  Decomposition of municipal solid waste in landfills under anaerobic conditions produces gas containing approximately 50-60% methane (CH4) and 30-40% carbon dioxide (CO2) by volume. CH4 is one of the most important greenhouse gases because its global warming potential is more than 21 times CO2, which has adverse effects on the environment and human life. The CH4 emission from landfills is continually increasing due to increasing population growth and per capita waste generation. This study attempted to assess, in quantitative terms, the amount of CH4 that would be emitted from landfills in Malaysia over the years 1981-2024 using the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change 2006 First Order Decay Model. Furthermore, it tends to assess the effects of landfill gas collection system and waste recycling on CH4 emission. In order to attain accurate CH4 emission estimation, waste generation estimation over the years 1981-2024 were performed in two scenarios. Each scenario was used by the model to estimate CH4 emission either taken into account CH4 capturing amounts and increasing waste recycling over the study period or not, to evaluate their effect on CH4 emission reductions. Based on this, global CH4 emission in 2024, included 1,078 and 1,365 Gg CH4 emission reduction from the emission estimated using the first and the second waste generation scenarios, respectively, which indicated that increasing landfill gas collection system projects and amount of waste recycling provide greatest potential for controlling CH4 emission from landfills.
  M.F. Chow , M.F. Abu Bakar , L.M. Sidek and H. Basri
  Little is known about the water retention performances of different substrate types within extensive green roofs in Malaysia. Thus, this research focused on the runoff retention performance within extensive green roof system with respect to different substrate types in Malaysia. A total of six green roofs were constructed with four being vegetated and two left unvegetated with bare soil acted as control. Four test beds were vegetated with Axonopus compressus (cow grass) and Portulaca grandiflora cultivars (sedum) in both pot soil and burn soil, respectively. The runoff volume was measured volumetrically through connected to an surface runoff harvesting tank under the test beds. Water retention was calculated from the difference between rainfall and runoff volumes from each test bed. Results showed that burn soil was the most effective substrate type in retaining runoff water. The test bed with sedum planted in burn soil performed the best runoff retention efficiency in extensive green roof system in Malaysia.
  M.F. Chow , M.F. Abu Bakar , L.M. Sidek and H. Basri
  This study focused on the runoff retention performance within extensive green roof system with respect to different native plant species and configurations in Malaysia. A total of four green roofs were constructed with two configurations (with drainage and without drainage layers) and each test bed was planted with Portulaca grandiflora cultivars (sedum) and Axonopus compressus (cow grass), respectively. The runoff volume was measured volumetrically and water retention percentage was calculated for four monitored events at each green roof configurations. Results showed that sedum was the most effective native plant species in retaining runoff water. The green roof configuration with sedum planted in substrate and layers performed the best runoff retention efficiency in Malaysia.
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