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Articles by H. U Haring
Total Records ( 14 ) for H. U Haring
  K. M Boini , D Graf , A. M Hennige , S Koka , D. S Kempe , K Wang , T. F Ackermann , M Foller , V Vallon , K Pfeifer , E Schleicher , S Ullrich , H. U Haring , D Haussinger and F. Lang
  The pore-forming K+-channel -subunit KCNQ1 is expressed in a wide variety of tissues including heart, skeletal muscle, liver, and epithelia. Most recent evidence revealed an association of the KCNQ1 gene with the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. KCNQ1 participates in the regulation of cell volume, which is, in turn, critically important for the regulation of metabolism by insulin. The present study explored the influence of KCNQ1 on insulin-induced cellular K+ uptake and glucose metabolism. Insulin (100 nM)-induced K+ uptake was determined in isolated perfused livers from KCNQ1-deficient mice (kcnq1–/–) and their wild-type littermates (kcnq1+/+). Moreover, plasma glucose and insulin levels, intraperitoneal glucose (3 g/kg) tolerance, insulin (0.15 U/kg)-induced hypoglycemia, and peripheral uptake of radiolabeled 3H-deoxy-glucose were determined in both genotypes. Insulin-stimulated hepatocellular K+ uptake was significantly more sustained in isolated perfused livers from kcnq1–/– mice than from kcnq1+/+mice. The decline of plasma glucose concentration following an intraperitoneal injection of insulin was again significantly more sustained in kcnq1–/– than in kcnq1+/+ mice. Both fasted and nonfasted plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were significantly lower in kcnq1–/– than in kcnq1+/+mice. Following an intraperitoneal glucose injection, the peak plasma glucose concentration was significantly lower in kcnq1–/– than in kcnq1+/+mice. Uptake of 3H-deoxy-glucose into skeletal muscle, liver, kidney and lung tissue was significantly higher in kcnq1–/– than in kcnq1+/+mice. In conclusion, KCNQ1 counteracts the stimulation of cellular K+ uptake by insulin and thereby influences K+-dependent insulin signaling on glucose metabolism. The observations indicate that KCNQ1 is a novel molecule affecting insulin sensitivity of glucose metabolism.
  E Fisher , N Stefan , K Saar , D Drogan , M. B Schulze , A Fritsche , H. G Joost , H. U Haring , N Hubner , H Boeing and C. Weikert

Background— Elevated circulating levels of fetuin-A in blood have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The goal of our study was to prospectively investigate the potential causal nature of the association between fetuin-A levels and myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke by applying a Mendelian randomization approach.

Methods and Results— Five tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs2248690, rs2070633, rs2070635, rs4917, and rs6787344) capturing the common genetic variation of the fetuin-A coding gene 2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein (AHSG) were genotyped in a case-cohort comprising 214 MI cases, 154 ischemic stroke cases, and 2152 persons who remained free of cardiovascular disease events in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam study. One single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs6787344) was discarded because of Hardy-Weinberg disequilibrium. All AHSG tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with fetuin-A plasma levels (P<0.0001). AHSG rs4917 C>T showed the strongest association, explaining 21.2% of the phenotypic variance independent of potential confounding factors (+35.5 µg/mL increase per C-allele, P=2x10–121). Furthermore, the rs4917 C-allele showed a significant association with MI (adjusted hazard rate ratio [RR] 1.34, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.70, P=0.02). Based on this association, the expected RR for MI corresponding to 1 SD in fetuin-A was 1.54 and, thus, strikingly matches the previously observed association between fetuin-A plasma levels and MI risk (RR 1.59).

Conclusions— These data provide evidence for the causal nature of the recently reported association between fetuin-A plasma levels and MI risk, thereby suggesting an involvement of fetuin-A in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease.

  A Peter , A Cegan , S Wagner , R Lehmann , N Stefan , A Konigsrainer , I Konigsrainer , H. U Haring and E. Schleicher

Background: Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1) catalyzes the limiting step of monounsaturated fatty acid synthesis in humans and is an important player in triglyceride generation. SCD1 has been repeatedly implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic and inflammatory diseases. Therefore it is of great importance to determine SCD1 activity in human samples. In this study we aimed to evaluate a hepatic SCD1 activity index derived from plasma VLDL triglyceride composition as a tool to estimate hepatic SCD1 expression in humans. Additionally, we further evaluated commonly used fatty acid ratios [elongase, de novo lipogenesis, and 5 and 6 desaturase] in plasma VLDL and hepatic lipid fractions.

Design and methods: Liver biopsies and plasma samples were simultaneously collected from 15 individuals. Plasma VLDL was obtained by ultracentrifugation. Hepatic and plasma VLDL lipids were fractionated by thin-layer chromatography, and the fatty acid composition of each fraction was analyzed by gas chromatography. Hepatic SCD1 expression was determined by real-time PCR.

Results: Hepatic SCD1 mRNA expression was associated with the product/precursor ratios (16:1/16:0 and 18:1/18:0) of hepatic lipid fractions. The 16:1/16:0 ratio in hepatic and VLDL triglycerides as well as the 18:1/18:0 ratio in plasma VLDL were closely associated with hepatic SCD1 expression. The hepatic de novo lipogenesis index from triglycerides was associated with expression of lipogenic genes [fatty acid synthase (FASN), acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha (ACACA), and sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 (SREBP-1)] and is closely reflected by the de novo lipogenesis index in VLDL triglycerides.

Conclusion: We demonstrated for the first time that hepatic SCD1 expression can be estimated noninvasively from routine blood samples by measuring the SCD1 activity index in fasting plasma VLDL.

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