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Articles by H. Q. Yang
Total Records ( 4 ) for H. Q. Yang
  Q. Y. Lin , H. Q. Yang , S. S. Xie , Y. H. Wang , Z. Ye and S. Q. Chen
  Thermography has been proved to be an effective technique for indicating breast disease abnormalities or risks. However, the abnormalities might not express clearly due to various factors, such as when a small tumour is located in a deep region, or environmental influences that make breast disease difficult to find. This study aims to solve these problems for early detection of breast tumour. A three-dimensional breast model is presented to investigate the relationship between an embedded tumour and the surface temperature distribution. Then a subtraction technique is used to enhance the thermal signature of breast tumour. It was showed that the surface thermal characteristics of a small tumour even in a deep region could be found easily by this method. Furthermore, it was also found that the surface thermal characteristics of tumour obscured due to environmental cooling effect can be clearly displayed. The results are very useful for analysing breast thermograms.
  F. F Wang , H. L Lian , C. Y Kang and H. Q. Yang

The stomatal pores of higher plants enable gaseous exchange into and out of leaves for photosynthesis and evaporation. Stomatal opening is induced by both blue and red lights. It is shown that blue light-induced stomatal opening is mediated by the blue light receptor phototropins (PHOT1 and PHOT2) and cryptochromes (CRY1 and CRY2). However, whether phytochrome B (phyB) is involved in red light regulation of stomatal opening remains largely unclear. Here, we report a positive role for Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) phyB in the regulation of red light-induced stomatal opening. The phyB mutant stomata displayed a reduced red light response, whereas stomata of the phyB-overexpressing plants displayed a hypersensitive response to red light. In addition, stomata of the cry1 cry2 phyB, phot1 phot2 phyB, and cry1 phyA phyB triple mutant plants showed more reduced light response than those of the single or double mutant plants under white light, implying that phyB acts in concert with phyA, CRY, and PHOT in light regulation of stomatal opening. Stomata of phyB cop1 mutant opened less wide than those of the cop1 mutant, and stomata of the pif3 pif4 mutant opened wider than those of the wild-type, indicating that COP1, together with the PIFs (phytochrome interacting factors), may act downstream of PHYB in regulating stomatal opening. Furthermore, quantitative RT–PCR analysis showed that the expression of MYB60 was reduced in the cry1 cry2 and phyA phyB mutants under blue and red lights, respectively, but induced in the CRY1- and phyB-overexpressing plants. These results demonstrate that phyB and CRY might regulate stomatal opening, at least in part, by regulating MYB60 expression.

  L Wu and H. Q. Yang

Plants have evolved complex mechanisms to defend themselves against pathogens. It has been shown that several defense responses are influenced by light, and the red/far-red light photoreceptor phytochromes (PHY) modulate plant defense responses in Arabidopsis. Blue light receptor cryptochromes (CRY) work together with PHY to regulate many light-controlled responses, including photomorphogenesis, floral induction, and entrainment of the circadian clock. We report here that the Arabidopsis blue light photoreceptor CRY1 positively regulates inducible resistance to Pseudomonas syringae under continuous light conditions. By challenging plants with P. syringae pv. tomato (Pst.) DC3000 carrying avrRpt2, we demonstrate that effector-triggered local resistance is down-regulated in the cry1 mutant, leading to more pathogen multiplication. In plants overexpressing CRY1 (CRY1-ovx), however, local resistance is significantly up-regulated. We also show that systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is positively regulated by CRY1, and that salicylic acid (SA)-induced pathogenesis-related gene PR-1 expression is reduced in the cry1 mutant, but enhanced in CRY1-ovx plants. However, our results indicate that CRY1 only modestly influences SA accumulation and has no effect on hypersensitive cell death. These results suggest that CRY1 may positively regulate R protein-mediated resistance to P. syringae with increased PR gene expression.

  L Wang , Y. X Mai , Y. C Zhang , Q Luo and H. Q. Yang

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ~21-nucleotide noncoding RNAs that play critical roles in regulating plant growth and development through directing the degradation of target mRNAs. Axillary meristem activity, and hence shoot branching, is influenced by a complicated network that involves phytohormones such as auxin, cytokinin, and strigolactone. GAI, RGA, and SCR (GRAS) family members take part in a variety of developmental processes, including axillary bud growth. Here, we show that the Arabidopsis thaliana microRNA171c (miR171c) acts to negatively regulate shoot branching through targeting GRAS gene family members SCARECROW-LIKE6-II (SCL6-II), SCL6-III, and SCL6-IV for cleavage. Transgenic plants overexpressing MIR171c (35Spro–MIR171c) and scl6-II scl6-III scl6-IV triple mutant plants exhibit a similar reduced shoot branching phenotype. Expression of any one of the miR171c-resistant versions of SCL6-II, SCL6-III, and SCL6-IV in 35Spro–MIR171c plants rescues the reduced shoot branching phenotype. Scl6-II scl6-III scl6-IV mutant plants exhibit pleiotropic phenotypes such as increased chlorophyll accumulation, decreased primary root elongation, and abnormal leaf and flower patterning. SCL6-II, SCL6-III, and SCL6-IV are located to the nucleus, and show transcriptional activation activity. Our results suggest that miR171c-targeted SCL6-II, SCL6-III, and SCL6-IV play an important role in the regulation of shoot branch production.

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