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Articles by H. J Choi
Total Records ( 3 ) for H. J Choi
  H Yang , S. H Park , H. J Choi and Y. Moon
 

Phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2) is a critical convergence point of the integrated stress response (ISR), which supports eukaryotic cellular adaptation to diverse stressful conditions, including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by global protein translational arrest and induction of numerous stress-triggered cytoprotective genes. Challenge with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) leads to ER perturbation that may sensitize cancer cells to drug-induced apoptosis. Here, we examined the ER stress signals in the context of NSAID exposure and the induction of the critical tumor suppressor, NSAID-activated gene 1 (NAG-1), in the epithelial cancer cells. Sulindac sulfide, the active sulindac metabolite, was shown to trigger the ISRs via eIF2 kinase such as RNA-dependent protein kinase-related endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR). ER stress markers such as glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and activating transcription factor (ATF)-3 were enhanced by sulindac sulfide in colon cancer cells. In these cells, the PERK-activated ATF3–CHOP signaling pathway mediated the gene expression of pro-apoptotic NAG-1- and NSAID-induced apoptosis. In contrast, PKR protein was not involved in the signaling cascade for the gene expression of CHOP-linked NAG-1. Instead, PKR mediated activation of pro-survival extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathway, which was enhanced by NAG-1 suppression in response to cytotoxic sulindac sulfide exposure. PKR–ERK1/2 activation may thus contribute to the defensive cellular response to cytotoxic NSAIDs while drug-mediated ER stress triggers the pro-apoptotic NAG-1 production in human colon cancer cells.

  H. J Choi , H. G Kang , T. H Lim , H. S Chung , J Cho , Y. M Oh , Y. M Kim and on behalf of the Korean Emergency Airway Management Registry (KEAMR) Investigators
  Objective

To investigate the use and success rates of the GlideScope (GVL) by emergency physicians (EPs) during the initial two years after its introduction.

Methods

We performed an observational study using registry data of five emergency departments. The success rates in adult patients were evaluated and compared with those of conventional laryngoscope (CL).

Results

The GVL was used in 345 (10.7%) of 3233 intubation attempts by EPs. The overall success rate of the GVL was not higher than a CL (79.1% vs 77.6%, p=0.538). The success rate for the patients with difficult airway was higher in the GVL than a CL (80.0% vs 50.4%, p<0.001).

Conclusion

The GVL was not used frequently by EPs during the initial two years after its introduction. Although the GVL provides a better glottic view, the overall success rates were similar to a CL. The GVL may be useful in patients with difficult airway.

  K Felio , H Nguyen , C. C Dascher , H. J Choi , S Li , M. I Zimmer , A Colmone , D. B Moody , M. B Brenner and C. R. Wang
 

Group 1 CD1 (CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c)–restricted T cells recognize mycobacterial lipid antigens and are found at higher frequencies in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)–infected individuals. However, their role and dynamics during infection remain unknown because of the lack of a suitable small animal model. We have generated human group 1 CD1 transgenic (hCD1Tg) mice that express all three human group 1 CD1 isoforms and support the development of group 1 CD1–restricted T cells with diverse T cell receptor usage. Both mycobacterial infection and immunization with Mtb lipids elicit group 1 CD1–restricted Mtb lipid–specific T cell responses in hCD1Tg mice. In contrast to CD1d-restricted NKT cells, which rapidly respond to initial stimulation but exhibit anergy upon reexposure, group 1 CD1–restricted T cells exhibit delayed primary responses and more rapid secondary responses, similar to conventional T cells. Collectively, our data demonstrate that group 1 CD1–restricted T cells participate in adaptive immune responses upon mycobacterial infection and could serve as targets for the development of novel Mtb vaccines.

 
 
 
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