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Articles by H Zheng
Total Records ( 5 ) for H Zheng
  Y Chang , H Zheng , Y Shang , Y Jin , G Wang , X Shen and X. Liu

The prototypic foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) was shown more than a century ago to be the first filterable agent capable of causing FMD, and it has served as an important model for studying basic principles of Aphthovirus molecular biology. However, the complex structure and antigenic diversity of FMDV have posed a major obstacle to the attempts at manipulating the infectious virus by reverse genetic techniques. Here, we report the recovery of infectious FMDV from cDNAs based on an efficient in vivo RNA polymerase I (polI) transcription system. Intracellular transcription of the full-length viral genome from polI-based vectors resulted in efficient formation of infectious virus displaying a genetic marker. Compared with wild-type virus, an abundance of genomic mRNA and elevated expression levels of viral antigens were indicative of the hyperfunction throughout the life-cycle of this cDNA-derived virus at transcription, replication, and translation levels. The technology described here could be an extremely valuable molecular biology tool for studying FMDV complex infectious characteristics. It is an operating platform for studying FMDV functional genomics, molecular mechanism of pathogenicity and variation, and lays a solid foundation for the development of viral chimeras toward the prospect of a genetically engineered vaccine.

  Y Zhou , P Lin , Q Li , L Han , H Zheng , Y Wei , Z Cui , Y Ni and X. Guo

Sputum is the most common sample collected from patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections and it is crucial for the bacterial identification of these infections. In this study, we enrolled 101 sputum samples from 101 patients with lower respiratory tract infections. Initially, pyrosequencing of the 16S rDNA V3 hypervariable regions of the bacteria contained in the sputum was utilized as a culture-independent approach for microbiota analysis. For comparison, clinical laboratory tests using a culture-dependent automated bacterial identification system for the same cohort of sputum samples were also done. By pyrosequencing, >70,000 DNA fragments were found and classified into 129 bacterial genera after being analyzed by the Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) process. Most sequences belonged to several predominant genera, such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus, indicating that these genera play an important role in lower respiratory tract infections. In addition, some sequences belonging to potential causative agents, such as Mycoplasma, Haemophilus, and Moraxella, were also found, but these sequences were not found by clinical laboratory tests. For the nine genera detected by both methods, the methods' sensitivities were compared and the results showed that pyrosequencing was more sensitive, except for Klebsiella and Mycobacterium. Significantly, this method revealed much more complicated bacterial communities and it showed a promising ability for the detection of bacteria.

  I. T Konstantinidis , V Deshpande , M Genevay , D Berger , C Fernandez del Castillo , K. K Tanabe , H Zheng , G. Y Lauwers and C. R. Ferrone

Objectives  To determine the prevalence of incidentally found cases of gallbladder cancer, the incidence of residual disease at reexploration, and the changes in the mode of presentation, treatment, and survival of patients with gallbladder cancer during a period of more than 4 decades.

Design  Retrospective case series.

Setting  University-affiliated tertiary care center.

Patients  Between January 1, 1962, and March 1, 2008, 402 patients with gallbladder cancer were identified and their clinicopathologic data were analyzed.

Interventions  Surgical treatment, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

Main Outcome Measures  Incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer, incidence of residual disease, and differences in presentation, treatment, and survival.

Results  Surgical exploration was performed in 260 patients (64.7%), of whom 151 (58.1%) underwent resection. The median age of the patients was 72 years, and 72.3% were female. Between January 1, 1994, and March 1, 2008, 6881 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed, and there were 17 incidentally discovered cases of gallbladder cancer (0.25%). Residual disease on reexploration was identified in 0 of 2 patients with T1 tumor, 3 of 13 patients with T2 tumor, and 8 of 10 patients with T3 tumor (P = .01). Patients with stage IV disease (34 [13.1%] diagnosed from 1962-1979; 34 [13.1%] diagnosed from 1980-1997; and 22 [8.5%] diagnosed from 1998-2008) had a median survival of 4 months (range, 0-37 months). Concomitant liver resections increased in the third study period (11.1%, 10.1%, and 54.3%; P < .001), with an increase in negative margins (33.3%, 42.0%, and 63.0%; P = .01). Cox regression analysis identified T stage and surgical margin status as significant prognostic factors.

Conclusions  Gallbladder cancer is incidentally found during 0.25% of laparoscopic cholecystectomies. As T stage increases, the likelihood of residual disease on reexploration increases. Although many patients with gallbladder cancer present with incurable disease and have very poor survival, the overall prognosis is improving, likely because of more extensive operations.

  D. A D'Alessandro , J Kajstura , T Hosoda , A Gatti , R Bello , F Mosna , S Bardelli , H Zheng , D D'Amario , M. E Padin Iruegas , A. B Carvalho , M Rota , M. O Zembala , D Stern , O Rimoldi , K Urbanek , R. E Michler , A Leri and P. Anversa

Rationale: Chronic rejection, accelerated coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and ischemic heart failure determine the unfavorable evolution of the transplanted heart in humans.

Objective: Here we tested whether the pathological manifestations of the transplanted heart can be corrected partly by a strategy that implements the use of cardiac progenitor cells from the recipient to repopulate the donor heart with immunocompatible cardiomyocytes and coronary vessels.

Methods and Results: A large number of cardiomyocytes and coronary vessels were created in a rather short period of time from the delivery, engraftment, and differentiation of cardiac progenitor cells from the recipient. A proportion of newly formed cardiomyocytes acquired adult characteristics and was integrated structurally and functionally within the transplant. Similarly, the regenerated arteries, arterioles, and capillaries were operative and contributed to the oxygenation of the chimeric myocardium. Attenuation in the extent of acute damage by repopulating cardiomyocytes and vessels decreased significantly the magnitude of myocardial scarring preserving partly the integrity of the donor heart.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that tissue regeneration by differentiation of recipient cardiac progenitor cells restored a significant portion of the rejected donor myocardium. Ultimately, immunosuppressive therapy may be only partially required improving quality of life and lifespan of patients with cardiac transplantation.

  H Zheng , J. H Nam , B Pang , D. H Shin , J. S Kim , Y. S Chun , J. W Park , H Bang , W. K Kim , Y. E Earm and S. J. Kim

Mouse B cells and their cell line (WEHI-231) express large-conductance background K+ channels (LKbg) that are activated by arachidonic acids, characteristics similar to TREK-2. However, there is no evidence to identify the molecular nature of LKbg; some properties of LKbg were partly different from the reported results of TREK type channels. In this study, we compared the properties of cloned TREK-2 and LKbg in terms of their sensitivities to ATP, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), intracellular pH (pHi), and membrane stretch. Similar to the previous findings of LKbg, TREK-2 showed spontaneous activation after membrane excision (i-o patch) and were inhibited by MgATP or by PIP2. The inhibition by MgATP was prevented by wortmannin, suggesting membrane-delimited regulation of TREKs by phosphoinositide (PI) kinase. The same was observed with the property of LKbg; the activation of TREK-2 by membrane stretch was suppressed by U73122 (PLC inhibitor). As with the known properties of TREK-2, LKbg were activated by acidic pHi and inhibited by PKC activator. Finally, we confirmed the expression of TREK-2 in WEHI-231 by using RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses. The amplitude of background K+ current and the TREK-2 expression in WEHI-231 were commonly decreased by genetic knockdown of TREK-2 using small interfering RNA. The downregulation of TREK-2 attenuated Ca2+-influx induced by arachidonic acid in WEHI-231. As a whole, these results strongly indicate that TREK-2 encodes LKbg in mouse B cells. We also newly suggest that the low activity of TREK-2 in intact cells is due to the inhibition by intrinsic PIP2.

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