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Articles by H Zhao
Total Records ( 10 ) for H Zhao
  H Zhao , Y Wang , Y Wu , X Li , G Yang , X Ma , R Zhao and H. Liu

Hyperlipidemia is regarded as an independent risk factor in the development of ischemic heart disease, and it can increase the myocardial susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Ischemic postconditioning (Postcon) has been demonstrated to attenuate the myocardial injury induced by I/R in normal conditions. But the effect of ischemic Postcon on hyperlipidemic animals is unknown. Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) has been demonstrated to play a central role in the cardioprotection by preconditioning, which is one of the protective strategies except for Postcon. The aim of this study was to determine whether Postcon could reduce myocardial injury in hyperlipidemic animals and to assess whether HIF-1 was involved in Postcon mechanisms. Male Wistar rats underwent the left anterior descending coronary occlusion for 30 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion with or without Postcon after fed with high fat diet or normal diet for 8 weeks. The detrimental indices induced by the I/R insult included infarct size, plasma creatine kinase activity and caspase-3 activity. Results showed that hyperlipidemia remarkably enhanced the myocardial injury induced by I/R, while Postcon significantly decreased the myocardial injury in both normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic rats. Moreover, both hyperlipidemia and I/R promoted the HIF-1 expression. Most importantly, we have for the first time demonstrated that Postcon further induced a significant increase in HIF-1 protein level not only in normolipidemic but also in hyperlipidemic conditions. Thus, Postcon reduces the myocardial injury induced by I/R in normal and hyperlipidemic animals, and HIF-1 upregulation may involve in the Postcon-mediated cardioprotective mechanisms.

  S Hao , H Zhao , Z Darzynkiewicz , S Battula and N. R. Ferreri

The contribution of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) to the regulation of tumor necrosis factor- (TNF) production in medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) cells is unclear. RT-PCR analysis was performed on primary cultures of mouse mTAL cells and freshly isolated mTAL tubules to determine which NFAT isoforms are present in this nephron segment. Primer pairs were designed, based on published sequences for mouse NFAT1-5, to produce fragments of ~200 bp. Analysis of PCR products by gel electrophoresis and subsequent DNA sequencing indicated that cells and tubules contained mRNA for all five NFAT isoforms. The relative expression of NFAT isoforms was then determined using quantitative real-time RT-PCR. The data indicate that NFAT isoforms 5 ≥ 1 are the predominant isoforms present in mTAL cells and tubules. Western blot analysis demonstrated constitutive expression of NFAT5 in nuclear extracts from mTAL tubules and primary culture cells; expression in mTAL cells also was detected by immunofluorescence. Expression of NFAT5 was increased in mTAL cells transiently transfected with an NFAT5 overexpression vector (pcDNA3.1-NFAT5), resulting in increased basal and calcium-sensing receptor (CaR)-mediated TNF production. Transient transfection of mTAL cells with a small hairpin RNA vector that targeted exon 8 of NFAT5 (U6-N5 ex8) significantly inhibited TNF promoter activity. Transient transfection with U6-N5 ex8 also reduced nuclear expression of NFAT5, TNF mRNA accumulation, and attenuated CaR-mediated activation of Cl entry into polarized mTAL cells. Collectively, these data suggest that activation of NFAT5 is part of a TNF-dependent pathway that inhibits apical Cl influx in the mTAL after activation of CaR.

  K He , X Li , J Zhou , X. W Deng , H Zhao and J. Luo

Summary:NTAP is designed to analyze ChIP-chip data generated by the NimbleGen tiling array platform and to accomplish various pattern recognition tasks that are useful especially for epigenetic studies. The modular design of NTAP makes the data processing highly customizable. Users can either use NTAP to perform the full process of NimbleGen tiling array data analysis, or choose post-processing modules in NTAP to analyze pre-processed epigenetic data generated by other platforms. The output of NTAP can be saved in standard GFF format files and visualized in GBrowse.

  H Zhao , T. I Pestina , M Nasimuzzaman , P Mehta , P. W Hargrove and D. A. Persons

Correction of murine models of β-thalassemia has been achieved through high-level globin lentiviral vector gene transfer into mouse hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). However, transduction of human HSCs is less robust and may be inadequate to achieve therapeutic levels of genetically modified erythroid cells. We therefore developed a double gene lentiviral vector encoding both human -globin under the transcriptional control of erythroid regulatory elements and methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT), driven by a constitutive cellular promoter. MGMT expression provides cellular resistance to alkylator drugs, which can be administered to kill residual untransduced, diseased HSCs, whereas transduced cells are protected. Mice transplanted with β-thalassemic HSCs transduced with a -globin/MGMT vector initially had subtherapeutic levels of red cells expressing -globin. To enrich -globin–expressing cells, transplanted mice were treated with the alkylator agent 1,3-bis-chloroethyl-1-nitrosourea. This resulted in significant increases in the number of -globin–expressing red cells and the amount of fetal hemoglobin, leading to resolution of anemia. Selection of transduced HSCs was also obtained when cells were drug-treated before transplantation. Mice that received these cells demonstrated reconstitution with therapeutic levels of -globin–expressing cells. These data suggest that MGMT-based drug selection holds promise as a modality to improve gene therapy for β-thalassemia.

  C Li , J Lu , Z Liu , L. E Wang , H Zhao , A. K El Naggar , E. M Sturgis and Q. Wei

Caspase 8 (CASP8) is an apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase involved in the death receptor pathway and likely in the mitochondrial pathway. A CASP8 promoter region six-nucleotide deletion/insertion (–652 6N ins/del) variant and a coding region D302H polymorphism are reportedly important in cancer development, but no reported study has assessed the associations of these genetic variations with risk of head and neck cancer. In a hospital-based study of non-Hispanic whites, we genotyped CASP8 –652 6N del and 302H variants in 1,023 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and 1,052 cancer-free controls. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models. The CASP8 –652 6N del variant genotypes or haplotypes were inversely associated with SCCHN risk (adjusted OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.57-0.85 for the ins/del + del/del genotypes compared with the ins/ins genotype; adjusted OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.55-0.97 for the del-D haplotype compared with the ins-D haplotype). Furthermore, the number of the CASP8 –652 6N del (but not 302H) variant allele tended to correlate with increased levels of camptothecin-induced p53-mediated apoptosis in T lymphocytes from 170 cancer-free controls. We concluded that the CASP8 –652 6N del variant allele may contribute to the risk of developing SCCHN in non-Hispanic white populations. Further validation by population-based case-control studies and rigorous mechanistic studies is warranted. Cancer Prev Res; 3(2); 246–53

  H. W Ahn , R. D Morin , H Zhao , R. A Harris , C Coarfa , Z. J Chen , A Milosavljevic , M. A Marra and A. Rajkovic

Small non-coding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), are involved in diverse biological processes including organ development and tissue differentiation. Global disruption of miRNA biogenesis in Dicer knockout mice disrupts early embryogenesis and primordial germ cell formation. However, the role of miRNAs in early folliculogenesis is poorly understood. In order to identify a full transcriptome set of small RNAs expressed in the newborn (NB) ovary, we extracted small RNA fraction from mouse NB ovary tissues and subjected it to massive parallel sequencing using the Genome Analyzer from Illumina. Massive sequencing produced 4 655 992 reads of 33 bp each representing a total of 154 Mbp of sequence data. The Pash alignment algorithm mapped 50.13% of the reads to the mouse genome. Sequence reads were clustered based on overlapping mapping coordinates and intersected with known miRNAs, small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) clusters and repetitive genomic regions; 25.2% of the reads mapped to known miRNAs, 25.5% to genomic repeats, 3.5% to piRNAs and 0.18% to snoRNAs. Three hundred and ninety-eight known miRNA species were among the sequenced small RNAs, and 118 isomiR sequences that are not in the miRBase database. Let-7 family was the most abundantly expressed miRNA, and mmu-mir-672, mmu-mir-322, mmu-mir-503 and mmu-mir-465 families are the most abundant X-linked miRNA detected. X-linked mmu-mir-503, mmu-mir-672 and mmu-mir-465 family showed preferential expression in testes and ovaries. We also identified four novel miRNAs that are preferentially expressed in gonads. Gonadal selective miRNAs may play important roles in ovarian development, folliculogenesis and female fertility.

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