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Articles by H Ye
Total Records ( 2 ) for H Ye
  Y Wang , Y Huang , K. S.L Lam , Y Li , W. T Wong , H Ye , C. W Lau , P. M Vanhoutte and A. Xu
  Aims

Endothelial dysfunction is a key event that links obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the protective effect of the alkaloid drug berberine against hyperglycemia-induced cellular injury and endothelial dysfunction.

Methods and results

In both cultured endothelial cells and blood vessels isolated from rat aorta, berberine concentration dependently enhanced phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) at Ser1177 and promoted the association of eNOS with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), leading to an increased production of nitric oxide. Furthermore, berberine attenuated high glucose-induced generation of reactive oxygen species, cellular apoptosis, nuclear factor-B activation, and expression of adhesion molecules, thus suppressing monocyte attachment to endothelial cells. In mouse aortic rings, berberine elicited endothelium-dependent vasodilatations and alleviated high glucose-mediated endothelial dysfunction. All these beneficial effects of berberine on the endothelium were abolished by either pharmacological inhibition of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) or adenovirus-mediated overexpression of a dominant negative version of AMPK.

Conclusion

Berberine protects against endothelial injury and enhances the endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, which is mediated in part through activation of the AMPK signalling cascade. Berberine or its derivatives may be useful for the treatment and/or prevention of endothelial dysfunction associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

  P. D Levy , H Ye , S Compton , P. S Chan , G. L Larkin , R. D Welch and for the American Heart Association National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Investigators
 

Background— Hospitalized patients with heart failure are at risk for cardiac arrest. The ability to predict who may survive such an event with or without neurological deficit would enhance the information on which patients and providers establish resuscitative preferences.

Methods and Results— We identified 13 063 adult patients with acute heart failure who had cardiac arrest at 457 hospitals participating in the National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2007. Neurological status was determined on admission and discharge by cerebral performance category with neurologically intact survival (NIS)=cerebral performance category 1 (no) or 2 (moderate dysfunction) and non-NIS=cerebral performance category 3 (severe dysfunction), 4 (coma), or 5 (brain death). Factors available prearrest (demographics, preexisting conditions, and interventions in-place) were assessed for association with NIS using multivariable logistic regression, initially without then with adjustment for arrest-related variables and hospital characteristics. NIS occurred in 2307 patients (17.7%) and was associated by adjusted odds ratio with 18 prearrest factors; 4 positively and 14 negatively. The association (odds ratio; 95% CI) was strongest for 4 specific variables: acute stroke (0.38; 0.25 to 0.58), history of malignancy (0.49; 0.39 to 0.63), vasopressor use (0.50; 0.43 to 0.59), and assisted or mechanical ventilation (0.53; 0.45 to 0.61).

Conclusions— A number of prearrest factors seem to be associated with NIS, the majority inversely. Consideration of these before cardiac arrest could enhance the resuscitative decision-making process for patients with acute heart failure.

 
 
 
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