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Articles by H Yanai
Total Records ( 2 ) for H Yanai
  H Yanai , K Nakamura , S Hijioka , A Kamei , T Ikari , Y Ishikawa , E Shinozaki , N Mizunuma , K Hatake and A. Miyajima

Delta-like 1 protein (Dlk-1), also known as preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1), is a transmembrane and secreted protein with epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats. Dlk-1 is known to be expressed in foetal liver, but absent in neonatal and adult liver in mice and rats. Dlk-1 is also expressed in a subpopulation of hepatic oval cells, which are considered as stem/progenitor cells in rat adult liver. In this study, we generated monoclonal antibodies against human Dlk-1 (hDlk-1) and investigated hDlk-1 expression in human liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Like rodent livers, hDlk-1 was detected in foetal liver, but not in adult liver. In HCC, hDlk-1 was positive for 20.5% of the cases examined and was localized in both cytoplasm and cell membrane, whereas hDlk-1 was undetected in viral hepatitis, nodular cirrhosis. Interestingly, hDlk-1 positive HCC was found more frequently in younger patients and its expression was correlated with alpha-fetoprotein expression. Furthermore, hDlk-1 was also detected frequently in colon adenocarcinomas (58%), pancreatic islet carcinoma (50%), and small cell lung carcinoma (50%). Thus, hDlk-1 is a cell surface protein expressed in many carcinomas including HCC and may be a potential target for monoclonal antibody therapy for carcinomas.

  G. i Sampei , S Baba , M Kanagawa , H Yanai , T Ishii , H Kawai , Y Fukai , A Ebihara , N Nakagawa and G. Kawai

Glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase (GAR-syn, PurD) catalyses the second reaction of the purine biosynthetic pathway; the conversion of phosphoribosylamine, glycine and ATP to glycinamide ribonucleotide (GAR), ADP and Pi. In the present study, crystal structures of GAR-syn’s from Thermus thermophilus, Geobacillus kaustophilus and Aquifex aeolicus were determined in apo forms. Crystal structures in ligand-bound forms were also determined for G. kaustophilus and A. aeolicus proteins. In general, overall structures of GAR-syn’s are similar to each other. However, the orientations of the B domains are varied among GAR-syn’s and the MD simulation suggested the mobility of the B domain. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the B loop in the B domain fixes the position of the β- and - phosphate groups of the bound ATP. The structures of GAR-syn’s and the bound ligands were compared with each other in detail, and structures of GAR-syn’s with full ligands, as well as the possible reaction mechanism, were proposed.

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