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Articles by H Vogel
Total Records ( 3 ) for H Vogel
  R. J Swijnenburg , J. A Govaert , K. E.A van der Bogt , J. I Pearl , M Huang , W Stein , G Hoyt , H Vogel , C. H Contag , R. C Robbins and J. C. Wu

Background— Despite ongoing clinical trials, the optimal time for delivery of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMCs) after myocardial infarction is unclear. We compared the viability and effects of transplanted BMCs on cardiac function in the acute and subacute inflammatory phases of myocardial infarction.

Methods and Results— The time course of acute inflammatory cell infiltration was quantified by FACS analysis of enzymatically digested hearts of FVB mice (n=12) after left anterior descending artery ligation. Mac-1+Gr-1high neutrophil infiltration peaked at day 4. BMCs were harvested from transgenic FVB mice expressing firefly luciferase (Fluc) and green fluorescent protein (GFP). Afterward, 2.5x106 BMCs were injected into the left ventricle of wild-type FVB mice either immediately (acute BMC) or 7 days (subacute BMC) after myocardial infarction, or after a sham procedure (n=8 per group). In vivo bioluminescence imaging showed an early signal increase in both BMC groups at day 7, followed by a nonsignificant trend (P=0.203) toward improved BMC survival in the subacute BMC group that persisted until the bioluminescence imaging signal reached background levels after 42 days. Compared with controls (myocardial infarction+saline injection), echocardiography showed a significant preservation of fractional shortening at 4 weeks (acute BMC versus saline; P<0.01) and 6 weeks (both BMC groups versus saline; P<0.05) but no significant differences between the 2 BMC groups. FACS analysis of BMC-injected hearts at day 7 revealed that GFP+ BMCs expressed hematopoietic (CD45, Mac-1, Gr-1), minimal progenitor (Sca-1, c-kit), and no endothelial (CD133, Flk-1) or cardiac (Trop-T) cell markers.

Conclusion— Timing of BMC delivery has minimal effects on intramyocardial retention and preservation of cardiac function. In general, there is poor long-term engraftment and BMCs tend to adopt inflammatory cell phenotypes.

  H Vogel , M Nestler , F Ruschendorf , M. D Block , S Tischer , R Kluge , A Schurmann , H. G Joost and S. Scherneck

New Zealand obese (NZO) mice present a metabolic syndrome of obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes. To identify chromosomal segments associated with these traits, we intercrossed NZO mice with the lean and diabetes-resistant C57BL/6J (B6) strain. Obesity and hyperglycemia in the (NZOxB6)F2 intercross population were predominantly due to a broad quantitative trait locus (QTL) on chromosome 1 (Nob3; logarithm of the odds score 16.1, 16.0, 4.0 for body weight, body fat, and blood glucose, respectively), producing a difference between genotypes of 12.7 or 5.2 g of body weight and 12.0 or 4.0 g of body fat in females or males, respectively. In addition, significant QTL on chromosomes 3 and 13 and suggestive QTL on chromosomes 4, 6, 9, 12, 14, and 19 contributed to the obese phenotype. Distal chromosome 5 was significantly linked with plasma cholesterol (LOD score 10.7). Introgression of two segments of Nob3 into B6 confirmed the adipogenic effect of the QTL and suggested the presence of at least one causal gene. Haplotype mapping reduced the critical region of the distal part of the QTL to 31 Mbp containing the potential candidates Nr1i3, Apoa2, Atp1a2, Prox1, and Hsd11b1. We conclude that obesity and hyperglycemia of NZO is to a large part caused by variant genes located in Nob3 on chromosome 1. Since these exert robust effects on a B6 background, the QTL Nob3 is a prime target for identification of a novel diabesity gene.

  S. E Wirt , A. S Adler , V Gebala , J. M Weimann , B. E Schaffer , L. A Saddic , P Viatour , H Vogel , H. Y Chang , A Meissner and J. Sage

The ability of progenitor cells to exit the cell cycle is essential for proper embryonic development and homeostasis, but the mechanisms governing cell cycle exit are still not fully understood. Here, we tested the requirement for the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein and its family members p107 and p130 in G0/G1 arrest and differentiation in mammalian cells. We found that Rb family triple knockout (TKO) mouse embryos survive until days 9–11 of gestation. Strikingly, some TKO cells, including in epithelial and neural lineages, are able to exit the cell cycle in G0/G1 and differentiate in teratomas and in culture. This ability of TKO cells to arrest in G0/G1 is associated with the repression of key E2F target genes. Thus, G1 arrest is not always dependent on Rb family members, which illustrates the robustness of cell cycle regulatory networks during differentiation and allows for the identification of candidate pathways to inhibit the expansion of cancer cells with mutations in the Rb pathway.

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