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Articles by H Tsukamoto
Total Records ( 2 ) for H Tsukamoto
  T Mine , S Katayama , H Kajiwara , M Tsunashima , H Tsukamoto , Y Takakura and T. Yamamoto

We cloned, expressed, and characterized a novel β-galactoside 2,6-sialyltransferase from Photobacterium leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-119. The protein showed 56–96% identity to the marine bacterial 2,6-sialyltransferases classified into glycosyltransferase family 80. The sialyltransferase activity of the N-terminal truncated form of the recombinant enzyme was 1477 U/L of Escherichia coli culture. The truncated recombinant enzyme was purified as a single band by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis through 3 column chromatography steps. The enzyme had distinct activity compared with known marine bacterial 2,6-sialyltransferases. Although 2,6-sialyltransferases cloned from marine bacteria, such as Photobacterium damselae strain JT0160, P. leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-145, and Photobacterium sp. strain JT-ISH-224, show only 2,6-sialyltransferase activity, the recombinant enzyme cloned from P. leiognathi strain JT-SHIZ-119 showed both 2,6-sialyltransferase and 2,6-linkage-specific neuraminidase activity. Our results provide important information toward a comprehensive understanding of the bacterial sialyltransferases belonging to the group 80 glycosyltransferase family in the CAZy database.

  H Tsukamoto , K Fukudome , S Takao , N Tsuneyoshi and M. Kimoto

Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4/MD-2 dimerization is thought to be required for the initiation of signaling during innate immune responses. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms underlying receptor dimerization in the context of accessory molecules, i.e. CD14 and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), to determine whether dimerization is required for the initiation of signaling in response to LPS stimulation. We found that LPS-induced TLR4/MD-2 dimerization occurred only in membrane-associated CD14 (mCD14)-expressing cells. Furthermore, dimerization required LBP, but not soluble CD14 (sCD14), as an essential serum component. LPS-induced signaling as assessed by IB- degradation, however, occurred in mCD14-negative cells in the presence of serum and sCD14. Signaling also occurred in mCD14-positive cells in the absence of serum. Time course studies on mCD14-positive cells have demonstrated that LPS stimulation induces rapid activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and p38 in the presence of LBP (TLR4/MD-2 receptor dimerization) as compared with stimulation without LBP (receptor non-dimerization). This early activation was blocked by inhibitory anti-CD14 mAb. These studies suggest that LPS-induced TLR4/MD-2 receptor dimerization is not essential for signaling but prompts rapid signaling during innate immune responses.

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