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Articles by H Tian
Total Records ( 3 ) for H Tian
  A. C Lee , H Tian , X Grosmaitre and M. Ma
 

The sense of smell deteriorates in normal aging, but the underling mechanisms are still elusive. Here we investigated age-related alterations in expression patterns of odorant receptor (OR) genes and functional properties of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs)—2 critical factors that define the odor detection threshold in the olfactory epithelium. Using in situ hybridization for 9 representative OR genes, we compared the cell densities of each OR in coronal nose sections at different ages (3–27 months). The cell density for different ORs peaked at different time points and a decline was observed for 6 of 9 ORs at advanced ages. Using patch clamp recordings, we then examined the odorant responses of individual OSNs coexpressing a defined OR (MOR23) and green fluorescent protein. The MOR23 neurons recorded from aged animals maintained a similar sensitivity and dynamic range in response to the cognate odorant (lyral) as those from younger mice. The results indicate that although the cell densities of OSNs expressing certain types of ORs decline at advanced ages, individual OSNs can retain their sensitivity. The implications of these findings in age-related olfactory deterioration are discussed.

  G Yao , M Yin , J Lian , H Tian , L Liu , X Li and F. Sun
 

Many members of the TGF-β superfamily are indicated to play important roles in ovarian follicular development, such as affecting granulosa cell function and oocyte maturation. Abnormalities associated with TGF-β1 signaling transduction could result in female infertility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as small noncoding RNAs, were recently found to regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional levels. However, little is known about the role of miRNAs in TGF-β-mediated granulosa cell proliferation and granulosa cell function. In this study, the miRNA expression profiling was identified from TGF-β1-treated mouse preantral granulosa cells (GCs), and three miRNAs were found to be significantly up-regulated and 13 miRNAs were down-regulated. Among up-regulated miRNAs, miR-224 was the second most significantly elevated miRNA. This up-regulation was attenuated by treatment of GCs with SB431542 (an inhibitor of TGFβ superfamily type I receptors, thus blocking phosphorylation of the downstream effectors Smad2/3), indicating that miR-224 expression was regulated by TGF-β1/Smads pathway. The ectopic expression of miR-224 can enhance TGF-β1-induced GC proliferation through targeting Smad4. Inhibition of endogenous miR-224 partially suppressed GC proliferation induced by TGF-β1. In addition, both miR-224 and TGF-β1 can promote estradiol release from GC, at least in part, through increasing CYP19A1 mRNA levels. This is the first demonstration that miRNAs can control reproductive functions resulting in promoting TGF-β1-induced GC proliferation and ovarian estrogen release. Such miRNA-mediated effects could be potentially used for regulation of reproductive processes or for treatment of reproductive disorders.

  L. C Ng , D Ramduny , J. A Airey , C. A Singer , P. S Keller , X. M Shen , H Tian , M Valencik and J. R. Hume
 

Previous studies in mouse pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) showed that cannonical transient receptor potential channel TRPC1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) mediate the sustained component of capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE), but the molecular candidate(s) that mediate the transient component of CCE remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine whether Orai1 mediates the transient component of CCE through activation of STIM1 in mouse PASMCs. In primary cultured mouse PASMCs loaded with fura-2, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) caused a transient followed by a sustained rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). The transient but not the sustained rise in [Ca2+]i was partially inhibited by nifedipine. The nifedipine-insensitive transient rise in [Ca2+]i and the increase in Mn2+ quench of fura-2 fluorescence caused by CPA were both reduced in cells treated with Orai1 siRNA. These responses to CPA were further reduced in cells treated with Orai1 and STIM1 small interfering (si)RNA. Moreover, overexpression of STIM1 enhanced the rise in [Ca2+]i and the increase in Mn2+ quench of fura-2 fluorescence caused by CPA, and these responses were reduced in cells treated with Orai1 siRNA. RT-PCR revealed Orai1 and STIM1 mRNAs, and Western blot analysis identified Orai1 and STIM1 proteins in mouse PASMCs. Furthermore, Orai1 was found to coimmunoprecipitate with STIM1, and the precipitation level of Orai1 was increased in cells subjected to store-depletion. Immunostaining revealed colocalization of Orai1 and STIM1 proteins, and the colocalization of these proteins was more apparent after store-depletion. These data provide direct evidence that the transient component of CCE is mediated by Orai1 channel as a result of STIM1 activation in mouse PASMCs.

 
 
 
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