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Articles by H Tamaki
Total Records ( 1 ) for H Tamaki
  H Tamaki , T Matsuoka , Y Yasuda , S Hanada , Y Kamagata , K Nakamura and S. i. Sakasegawa

A unique urate-oxidizing enzyme was identified in a bacterium, strain T-15. Based on its phylogenetic, physiological and biochemical properties, strain T-15 was deemed to be a novel species within the genus Lysobacter. The enzyme expressed in Lysobacter sp. T-15 was composed of 592 amino acids and contained four consensus copper-binding sites, and the recombinant enzyme was, at least in this study, speculated to have three Cu ions per subunit. The primary structure of the enzyme was 33% identical to Marinomonas mediterranea polyphenol oxidase, but it showed no significant similarity to any known urate oxidase. With urate as the substrate, the catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of recombinant enzyme was 4.0 x 102 s1mM1, and it was not inhibited by xanthine, a strong urate oxidase inhibitor. The enzyme also showed activity toward 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid), 2,6-dimethoxyphenol and bilirubin, with catalytic efficiencies of 4.9 x 102, 1.1 x 102 and 3.6 x 103 s1mM1, respectively. We deemed the enzyme would be a member of laccase from its broad substrate specificity. However, typical laccase and other multi-copper oxidases such as bilirubin oxidase and ascorbate oxidase seldom exhibit urate oxidation activity. These results would expand the laccase substrate range to include urate.

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