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Articles by H Nishimura
Total Records ( 3 ) for H Nishimura
  M Ii , H Nishimura , H Sekiguchi , N Kamei , A Yokoyama , M Horii and T. Asahara

Rationale: Recent reports have demonstrated that signals from vascular endothelial cells are necessary for organogenesis that may precede vasculogenesis. However, the origin of these neovascular cells in regenerating tissue has not been clarified.

Objective: Here we tested the hypothesis that adult neural stem cells (NSCs) can differentiate into vascular lineage, as well as neural lineage, in the process of collaborative organogenesis.

Methods and Results: NSCs, clonally isolated from mouse brain, were shown to develop endothelial and smooth muscle phenotypes in vitro. To elucidate whether NSCs can simultaneously differentiate into vascular and neural cells in vivo, genetically labeled NSCs were administered to mice with unilateral sciatic nerve crush injury or operatively induced brain and myocardial ischemia. Two weeks later, necropsy examination disclosed recruitment of the labeled NSCs to sites of injury differentiating into vascular cells (endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells) and Schwann cells in regenerating nerve. Similarly, NSC-derived vascular cells/astrocytes and endothelial cells were identified in ischemic brain tissue and capillaries in myocardium 2 weeks following transplantation, respectively.

Conclusions: These findings, concurrent vasculogenesis and neurogenesis from a common stem cell, suggest that certain somatic stem cells are capable of differentiating into not only somatic cells of identity but also into vascular cells for tissue regeneration.

  H Nishimura , T Akiyama , I Irei , S Hamazaki and Y. Sadahira

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a potent lipid mediator, transduces intracellular signals through the activation of S1P receptors (S1PRs). Although S1PRs have been shown to play an important role in the central nervous system (CNS), accurate localization and the function of S1PR1 in the human CNS are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the localization of S1PR1 in the human CNS of postmortem samples, using a rabbit polyclonal antibody, the specificity of which had been well defined. Immunohistochemical investigation of paraffin-embedded sections revealed diffuse granular staining of the gray matter. The signals of the gray matter were much stronger than those of the white matter. The immunohistochemical expression levels correlated well with the results of quantitative real-time RT-PCR–based analysis and Western blotting. Studies using double immunostaining and immunoelectron microscopy revealed that the antigen was strongly expressed in the membrane of the astrocytic foot processes of glia limitans and astrocytes with radial cytoplasm, but not distributed in neurons. In neurological disorders, hypertrophic astrocytes with strong expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein exhibited significantly decreased expression of S1PR1 in contrast to its strong expression in astrocytes forming fibrillary gliosis. These results indicate that S1PR1 is localized in astrocytes, and its expression level may change during the processes that occur after brain damage. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:847–856, 2010)

  T Matsumoto , M Ii , H Nishimura , T Shoji , Y Mifune , A Kawamoto , R Kuroda , T Fukui , Y Kawakami , T Kuroda , S. M Kwon , H Iwasaki , M Horii , A Yokoyama , A Oyamada , S. Y Lee , S Hayashi , M Kurosaka , S Takaki and T. Asahara

The therapeutic potential of hematopoietic stem cells/endothelial progenitor cells (HSCs/EPCs) for fracture healing has been demonstrated with evidence for enhanced vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis at the site of fracture. The adaptor protein Lnk has recently been identified as an essential inhibitor of stem cell factor (SCF)–cKit signaling during stem cell self-renewal, and Lnk-deficient mice demonstrate enhanced hematopoietic reconstitution. In this study, we investigated whether the loss of Lnk signaling enhances the regenerative response during fracture healing. Radiological and histological examination showed accelerated fracture healing and remodeling in Lnk-deficient mice compared with wild-type mice. Molecular, physiological, and morphological approaches showed that vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis were promoted in Lnk-deficient mice by the mobilization and recruitment of HSCs/EPCs via activation of the SCF–cKit signaling pathway in the perifracture zone, which established a favorable environment for bone healing and remodeling. In addition, osteoblasts (OBs) from Lnk-deficient mice had a greater potential for terminal differentiation in response to SCF–cKit signaling in vitro. These findings suggest that inhibition of Lnk may have therapeutic potential by promoting an environment conducive to vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis and by facilitating OB terminal differentiation, leading to enhanced fracture healing.

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