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Articles by H Matsushita
Total Records ( 2 ) for H Matsushita
  T Kake , H Kitamura , Y Adachi , T Yoshioka , T Watanabe , H Matsushita , T Fujii , E Kondo , T Tachibe , Y Kawase , K. i Jishage , A Yasoda , M Mukoyama and K. Nakao
 

C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plays a critical role in endochondral ossification through guanylyl cyclase-B (GC-B), a natriuretic peptide receptor subtype. Cartilage-specific overexpression of CNP enhances skeletal growth and rescues the dwarfism in a transgenic achondroplasia model with constitutive active mutation of fibroblast growth factor receptor-3. For future clinical application, the efficacy of CNP administration on skeletal growth must be evaluated. Due to the high clearance of CNP, maintaining a high concentration is technically difficult. However, to model high blood CNP concentration, we established a liver-targeted CNP-overexpressing transgenic mouse (SAP-CNP tgm). SAP-CNP tgm exhibited skeletal overgrowth in proportion to the blood CNP concentration and revealed phenotypes of systemic stimulation of cartilage bones, including limbs, paws, costal bones, spine, and skull. Furthermore, in SAP-CNP tgm, the size of the foramen magnum, the insufficient formation of which results in cervico-medullary compression in achondroplasia, also showed significant increase. CNP primarily activates GC-B, but under high concentrations it cross-reacts with guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A), a natriuretic peptide receptor subtype of atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP). Although activation of GC-A could alter cardiovascular homeostasis, leading to hypotension and heart weight reduction, the skeletal overgrowth phenotype in the line of SAP-CNP tgm with mild overexpression of CNP did not accompany decrease of systolic blood pressure or heart weight. These results suggest that CNP administration stimulates skeletal growth without adverse cardiovascular effect, and thus CNP could be a promising remedy targeting achondroplasia.

  H Matsushita , A Ishihara , S Mashiko , T Tanaka , T Kanno , H Iwaasa , H Ohta and A. Kanatani
 

Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), an endogenous ligand for opioid receptor-like 1 (ORL1), is involved in various central functions, such as pain, psychological stress, locomotor activity, learning and memory, and feeding regulation. Of these functions, the role of N/OFQ in the regulation of feeding has been suggested by the fact that the central administration of N/OFQ leads to feeding behavior. However, the manner in which N/OFQ influences body weight control and subsequent obesity is unclear. To clarify the involvement of N/OFQ in the development of obesity, we evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular infusion of N/OFQ on food intake and body weight in C57BL/6J mice that were fed a regular chow diet or moderately high-fat (MHF) diet (32.6% kcal fat). N/OFQ significantly increased food intake and body weight both in the regular diet- and MHF diet-fed mice, and these changes were more apparent in the MHF diet-fed mice. When we performed a pair-feeding study in N/OFQ intracerebroventricularly infused mice, N/OFQ did not cause body weight gain but increased white adipose tissue weight and plasma leptin, insulin, and cholesterol levels. N/OFQ reduced rectal temperature in pair-fed mice, in keeping with decreased UCP1 mRNA expression in brown adipose tissue. These results suggest that N/OFQ contributes to the development of obesity not only by inducing hyperphagia but also by decreasing energy expenditure.

 
 
 
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