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Articles by H Kanegane
Total Records ( 1 ) for H Kanegane
  M. M Sira , T Yoshida , M Takeuchi , Y Kashiwayama , T Futatani , H Kanegane , A Sasahara , Y Ito , M Mizuguchi , T Imanaka and T. Miyawaki
 

Human colostrum contains many bioactive factors that must promote the development of intestinal mucosal immunity in infants. Especially, the presence of certain cytokines such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-β or IL-10 has been of great interest for IgA production as a function of mucosal immune response. In the present study, we attempted to investigate whether unidentified factors inducing generation of IgA-producing cells from naive B cells might exist in colostrum. For this purpose, colostrum samples were directly added to a culture consisting of naive B cells and dendritic cells from cord blood and CD40 ligand-transfected L cells, comparing with recombinant IL-10 (rIL-10) and/or rTGF-β. It was noted that most colostrum samples alone were able to induce IgA-secreting cells at higher levels than rIL-10 and/or rTGF-β. IgA-inducing activity of colostrum was abolished by neither anti-neutralizing mAbs against IL-10 nor TGF-β, though partially by anti-IL-6 mAb. We prepared partially purified fractions from both pooled colostrums with and without IgA-inducing activity and comparatively performed quantitative proteomic analysis by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. As a result, syntenin-1 was identified as a candidate for IgA-inducing protein in colostrum. Western blot analysis indicated that levels of syntenin-1 in colostrum samples were correlated with their IgA-inducing activities. Moreover, we demonstrated that recombinant syntenin-1 could induce preferentially IgA production from naive B cells. These results suggest that syntenin-1 serves as one of IgA-inducing factors for B cells.

 
 
 
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