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Articles by H Inoue
Total Records ( 4 ) for H Inoue
  M. H Chien , C. C Ku , G Johansson , M. W Chen , M Hsiao , J. L Su , H Inoue , K. T Hua , L. H Wei and M. L. Kuo
 

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C is recognized as a tumor lymphangiogenic factor based on the effects of activated VEGF-R3 on lymphatic endothelial cells. Many tumor cells express VEGF-R3 but the function of this receptor in tumor cells is largely unknown. It has been reported that the VEGF-C/VEGF-R3 axis is activated in subsets of leukemia patients. Herein, we have shown that VEGF-C induces angiogenic activity in the tube formation assay invitro and Matrigel plug assay in vivo by upregulating an angiogenic factor, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), through VEGF-R3 in the human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line, THP-1. COX-2 induction by VEGF-C was also observed in other VEGF-R3+ human AML cell lines (U937 and HL60). Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis of bone marrow specimens of 37 patients diagnosed with AML revealed that VEGF-C expression in specimens was associated with the expression of COX-2 (P < 0.001). The manner by which signaling pathways transduced by VEGF-C is responsible for COX-2 upregulation was further investigated. Blocking the p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway with the MAPK kinase inhibitor, PD 98059, failed to inhibit VEGF-C-mediated COX-2 expression. However, VEGF-C-induced COX-2 upregulation was effectively abolished by overexpression of dominant-negative c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) or treatment with the JNK inhibitor, SP 600125. VEGF-C induced JNK-dependent nuclear translocation of c-Jun. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter assays revealed that VEGF-C enhanced c-Jun binding to the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-response element of the COX-2 promoter and induced COX-2 expression. In sum, the data herein highlight the pathogenic role of VEGF-C in leukemia via regulation of angiogenesis through upregulation of COX-2.

  S Kamakura , T Ohe , K Nakazawa , Y Aizawa , A Shimizu , M Horie , S Ogawa , K Okumura , K Tsuchihashi , K Sugi , N Makita , N Hagiwara , H Inoue , H Atarashi , N Aihara , W Shimizu , T Kurita , K Suyama , T Noda , K Satomi , H Okamura , H Tomoike and for the Brugada Syndrome Investigators in Japan
 

Background— The prognosis of patients with saddleback or noncoved type (non–type 1) ST-elevation in Brugada syndrome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to clarify the long-term prognosis of probands with non–type 1 ECG and those with coved (type 1) Brugada-pattern ECG.

Methods and Results— A total of 330 (123 symptomatic, 207 asymptomatic) probands with a coved or saddleback ST-elevation ≥1 mm in leads V1–V3 were divided into 2 ECG groups—type 1 (245 probands) and non–type 1 (85 probands)—and were prospectively followed for 48.7±15.0 months. The absence of type 1 ECG was confirmed by drug provocation test and multiple recordings. The ratio of individuals with a family history of sudden cardiac death (14%) was lower than previous studies. Clinical profiles and outcomes were not notably different between the 2 groups (annual arrhythmic event rate of probands with ventricular fibrillation; type 1: 10.2%, non–type 1: 10.6%, probands with syncope; type 1: 0.6%, non–type 1: 1.2%, and asymptomatic probands; type 1: 0.5%, non–type 1: 0%). Family history of sudden cardiac death at age <45 years and coexistence of inferolateral early repolarization with Brugada-pattern ECG were independent predictors of fatal arrhythmic events (hazard ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.42 to 7.60; P=0.005; hazard ratio, 2.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.06 to 6.71; P=0.03, respectively, by multivariate analysis), although spontaneous type 1 ECG and ventricular fibrillation inducibility by electrophysiological study were not reliable parameters.

Conclusions— The long-term prognosis of probands in non–type 1 group was similar to that of type 1 group. Family history of sudden cardiac death and the presence of early repolarization were predictors of poor outcome in this study, which included only probands with Brugada-pattern ST-elevation.

  H Inoue , N Takahashi , Y Okada and M. Konishi
 

The volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) chloride channel is ubiquitously expressed and involved in cell volume regulation after osmotic swelling, called regulatory volume decrease (RVD), in various cell types. In adipocytes, the expression of the VSOR channel has not been explored to date. Here, by employing the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we examined whether or not the VSOR channel is expressed in white adipocytes freshly isolated from epididymal fat pads of normal (C57BL/6 or KK) and diabetic (KKAy) mice. Whole cell voltage-clamp recordings revealed that Cl currents were gradually activated upon cell swelling induced by application of a hypotonic solution, both in normal and diabetic adipocytes. Although both the mean cell size (or cell capacitance) and the current magnitude in KKAy adipocytes were larger than those in C57BL/6 cells, the current density was significantly lower in KKAy adipocytes (23.32 ± 1.94 pA in C57BL/6 adipocytes vs. 13.04 ± 2.41 pA in KKAy adipocytes at +100 mV). Similarly, the current density in diabetic KKAy adipocytes was lower than that in adipocytes from KK mice (a parental strain of KKAy mice), which do not present diabetes until an older age. The current was inhibited by Cl channel blockers, 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB) and glibenclamide, or hypertonic solution, and showed outward rectification and inactivation kinetics at large positive potentials. These electrophysiological and pharmacological properties are consistent with those of the VSOR channel in other cell types. Moreover, adipocytes showed RVD, which was inhibited by NPPB. In KKAy adipocytes, RVD was significantly slower (; 8.42 min in C57BL/6 adipocytes vs. 11.97 min in KKAy adipocytes) and incomplete during the recording period (25 min). It is concluded that the VSOR channel is functionally expressed and involved in volume regulation in white adipocytes. RVD is largely impaired in adipocytes from diabetic mice, presumably as a consequence of the lower density of the functional VSOR channel in the plasma membrane.

 
 
 
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