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Articles by H Doi
Total Records ( 3 ) for H Doi
  T Shimizu , T Tanaka , T Iso , H Doi , H Sato , K Kawai Kowase , M Arai and M. Kurabayashi
 

Objective— Vascular calcification is closely correlated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Here, we demonstrate the role of Notch signaling in osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs).

Methods and Results— The Msx2 gene, a key regulator of osteogenesis, was highly induced by coculture with Notch ligand-expressing cells or overexpression of Notch intracellular domains (NICDs) in human aortic SMCs (HASMCs). Furthermore, the Notch1 intracellular domain (N1-ICD) overexpression markedly upregulated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and matrix mineralization of HASMCs. A knockdown experiment with a small interfering RNA confirmed that Msx2 mediated N1-ICD–induced osteogenic conversion of HASMCs. Interestingly, Msx2 induction by N1-ICD was independent of bone morphogenetic protein–2 (BMP-2), an osteogenic morphogen upstream of Msx2. The transcriptional activity of the Msx2 promoter was significantly enhanced by N1-ICD overexpression. The RBP-Jk binding element within the Msx2 promoter was critical to Notch-induced Msx2 gene expression. Correspondingly, N1-ICD overexpression did not induce the Msx2 expression in RBP-Jk–deficient fibroblasts. Immunohistochemistry of human carotid artery specimens revealed localization of Notch1, Jagged1 and Msx2 to fibrocalcific atherosclerotic plaques.

Conclusion— These results imply a new mechanism for osteogenic differentiation of vascular SMCs in which Notch/RBP-Jk signaling directly induces Msx2 gene expression and suggest its crucial role in mediating vascular calcification.

  C Oviedo , A Maehara , G. S Mintz , H Araki , S. Y Choi , K Tsujita , T Kubo , H Doi , B Templin , A. J Lansky , G Dangas , M. B Leon , R Mehran , S. J Tahk , G. W Stone , M Ochiai and J. W. Moses
 

Background— Angiographic classifications of the location and severity of disease in the main vessel and side branch of coronary artery bifurcations have been proposed and applied to distal left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation.

Methods and Results— We reviewed 140 angiograms of distal LMCA and ostial left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) artery lesions with preintervention intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) of both the LAD and LCX arteries as well as the LMCA. Of 140 patients, 92.9% had at least 1 cross section with ≥40% IVUS plaque burden versus 57.2% of patients with an angiographic diameter stenosis ≥50%. Contrary to angiographic classifications, IVUS showed that bifurcation disease was rarely focal and that both sides of the flow divider were always disease-free. Continuous plaque from the LMCA into the proximal LAD artery was seen in 90%, from the LMCA into the LCX artery in 66.4%, and from the LMCA into both the LAD and LCX arteries in 62%. Plaque localized to either the LAD or LCX ostium and not involving the distal LMCA was seen in only 9.3% of LAD arteries and 17.1% of LCX arteries. Plaque distribution was not influenced by the LAD/LCX angiographic angle, lesion severity, LMCA length, or remodeling. We proposed an IVUS classification for bifurcation lesions illustrating longitudinal and circumferential spatial plaque distribution.

Conclusions— Angiographic classification of LMCA bifurcation lesions is rarely accurate. IVUS shows that the carina is always spared and that the disease is diffuse rather than focal.

Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00180466.

  H Doi , T Kobari , K Fukumori , Y Nishibe and S. i. Nakano
 

We determined trophic niche breadths of three dominant Neocalanus species using 13C–15N variation among individuals. Trophic niche breadths differed among the congeneric copepods, depending on their body size and feeding habits.

 
 
 
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