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Articles by Gita Bisla
Total Records ( 4 ) for Gita Bisla
  Gita Bisla , Archana and M. Kapoor
  To assess the nutritional status of toddlers of different villages of Niwai tehsil, Dist-Tonk, Rajasthan. Toddler aged 1-3 years were selected through random sampling from villages of Niwai Tehsil, District-Tonk, Rajasthan. Anthropometric measurements were taken according to standard procedures and dietary survey was done through 24 h recall method for 3 consecutive days. Hemoglobin level was measured by cyanomethnoglobin method. Overall, scenario of anthropometric measurements have revealed that according to weight for age, height for age and weight for height 20, 40 and 12% were normal respectively while 42, 43 and 16% were normal according to MUAC, head/chest circumference ratio, tricep’s skin fold thickness. Results of clinical examination shown that sign and symptoms of protein energy malnutrition as flag sign, dull and dry hairs, skin pigmentation, bitot’s spot in the form of vitamin A deficiency were prevalent and dietary intake was less than recommended dietary allowances. About 75% of children were found to be anaemic. The nutritional status of children in rural communities is affected by low family income and behavioral problems. To improve nutritional status of children the full implementation of the poverty alleviation programmes should be considered and appropriate measures need to be taken to support needy families with children. Appropriate measures should be taken by the respective authorities to improve childhood health and nutritional status.
  Gita Bisla , Shailza Choudhary and Vijeta Chaudhary
  Dietary patterns have shifted toward Westernized foods and people are becoming more sedentary resulting diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder associated with derangements in carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. About 30 diabetic subjects from Banasthali University, Rajasthan were selected aged between 40-60 years (17 females and 13 males) to understanding the pattern of dietary intake and anthropometric dimensions of the middle aged diabetic subjects. Diabetic, dietary and other information’s was collected using a questionnaire. Dietary intake was assessed using the 24 h dietary recall method. Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were taken and Body Mass Index (BMI) and MUAC were computed to establish the extent of obesity. The findings from the dietary survey showed that the mean energy intake of the subjects achieved about 83.4 and 111.6% of the Indian Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) while fat intake of all subjects was more than RDA and other nutrient intake was inadequate. The mean BMI of females and males were 25.35±4.54 and 27.34±4.57 kg m-2 and mean MUAC were 26.52±2.47 and 34.48±4.54 cm, respectively. Family history of diabetes was found in 24 subjects. The most common symptoms were polyuria (3.44±1.82), polydypsia (5.68±5.21), polyphagia (3.34±0.90), decreased healing capacity (4.95±4.01) and general weakness (4.19±4.75) in terms of mean duration in months. Accordingly, nutritional status of diabetics is linked with various factors like educational level, physical activity, dietary pattern, etc.
  Gita Bisla , Archana , Poornima Verma and Sheel Sharma
  Soybean and watermelon seeds are rich source of protein as well as minerals mainly iron yet they are not consumed by a large number of populations instead of their nutritional qualities. Guava is a rich source of ascorbic acid. The objective of the present study was to prepare nutritionally enhanced ice creams by the incorporation of soy milk, watermelon seeds milk and guava pulp and evaluation of their acceptability and nourishing potential. Total six different types of ice creams were prepared from soy milk, watermelon seed’s milk as whole and their blends with or without addition of guava pulp. At 9-point Hedonic scale products were evaluated for their appearance, flavor, mouth feel and overall acceptability in which most of the ice creams were liked moderately to very much and one ice cream were most acceptable, i.e., blended milk (50% soy milk and watermelon seed milk) ice cream with guava pulp. The nutritional analysis of most acceptable ice creams indicated that protein and fat value was found to be excellent and iron as well as vitamin C content were also found in good amount in comparison to standard cow’s milk ice cream. Thus, these ice creams would be highly nutritious and acceptable by the population.
  Gita Bisla , Archana and Srishti
  Obesity is one of the most common metabolic and nutritional diseases. The effect of obesity of children has a wide spectrum of adverse effects that can rage from low self-esteem to increased risk of many degenerative diseases. So, present study was conducted in different schools of Dehradun city to find out prevalence of obesity among children (10-12 years) in different schools and its variability according to economical status, eating practices and physical activities. The study was conducted to assess the prevalence of obesity among children (10-12 years of age) from 8 different schools, having students coming from low as well as high economic status families. Selection of schools was done on the basis of their fee structure. The general information about age, sex, parent’s occupation and number of family members with anthropometric measurements like height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, MUAC taken and compared with NCHS-3 standards. Calculation of BMI and WHR was also done. Nutrients intake was noted by 24 h dietary recall method. The physical activity pattern was also noted. It was found that there were more percentage of obese and overweight children in affluent class as their energy, protein, carbohydrate and calcium intake was higher. Also, they are less engaged in energy consuming activities. Increasing affluence, over-consumption of calories and reduced physical activity are noted which result in childhood obesity.
 
 
 
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