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Articles by Gazi Mahabubul Alam
Total Records ( 23 ) for Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Yap Su Fei , Mohammad Nurul Azam and Yousif Osman Karim
  This study investigates the price mechanism of demand function to structure the liberalized tariff system on vegetable oil market and documents the impact on quantity, revenue and welfare gains of the world economy in a monopolistic setting. We shed light on close trading partners between palm and soybean oil markets among the exporting and importing countries and explore the effects by utilizing spatial equilibrium modeling approach to see the major beneficiaries in the price mechanism game. Our assessment provides quantitative measures of the economic effects which helps to weigh the benefits and impacts by comparing liberalized tariff and non-reform system. Findings from this study indicate that price and trade mechanism improve the welfare gains and highlight the importance of moving toward an effective price mechanism and liberated tariff system in the global vegetable oil market. The findings of this analysis resolve the debate on the benefits of a liberated tariff system on vegetable oil markets neglecting beneficiaries’ trade barriers dispute.
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  Background: Vibration of economy of many agriculture-based countries likewise Bangladesh sometime greatly relies on foreign remittance gained through exporting the Giant Freshwater Prawn (GFP). Methodology: Manifold constraints restrict the furthering and sustainable growth of this sector. The main constraints that contribute slowing the progress include: Lack of upgraded production technology, absence of well-timed international marketing policy and strategy, increased production cost developed through manual operations of different production and distribution circles. Results: This study advocates that with an assurance of implementation of a realistic pattern, the sustainably viable sector would be able to contribute in fostering the sustainable economic growth. In order to map the gaps, sustainability challenge is framed by looking at the possible enhancement and the existing position compared to what the state provided in the last two-three decades to the prawn farming. Conclusion: This study also provides a legislative direction to boost the marketing strategy, process for production, quality assurance, traceability and other relevant requirements that policy-maker of the sector may consider as a whole.
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  The national policy of developing countries is fundamentally suffered for climate change related research of animal health impacts, lack of policy alteration in emergency situations and lack of scenario research for impacts on ecosystem, distant animal health forecast, disease spread and migration. This study brings together the climate change issue and impacts on animal health and economy and it’s affecting factors to propose more effective strategies to control this social issue. Here, we emphasize prioritizing policy approaches of knowing how preferences and climate may change in the distant future and selection of policy alternatives over which impacts are most relevant. The sound effective policy can be developed in the developing economy when there is an inter-linkage within each principal component such as on (a) national priorities, (b) specific research on climatic animal health impacts, (c) scenario research of climate change in distant future, (d) alternative policy alteration in natural disaster and emergency and (e) global outbreak of animal health impacts. This study attempts to investigate the inter-linkage of these indications and the possible planning lacking and concern focusing on climate change on animal health factors. The experiences from this study can be used for climate change related animal health impacts and potential economic policy in developing countries.
  Filza Sohail , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Rizwan Rasul Khan and Rahmah Naeem
  A viral disease like dengue lacking a specific form of treatment is a high menace to human health. Situation becomes worse in developing countries like Pakistan because of poor health care services and facilities. Using data from earlier works and analyzing them, this review aims to explore the disease epidemiology. Dengue Virus (DENV) destroys the immune system and causes health problems like headache, inflammation, bleeding, hypertension and mental disorders. Death also can be caused through dengue because of its adverse effects on liver which also may result in hepatitis. Dengue spread can be controlled through many ways like modulating the environment and devastating its vector. Biological control appears as potential approach to control its vector, especially the use of Wolbachia. Currently, no vaccines are available against this virus and antiviral drugs are also not significantly effective. Phytochemical studies revealed that apple, papaya and lemon are rich source of carotenoids, esters, flavonoids, phenolic acid, terpene and vitamins. Apple was found to have a number of antiviral compounds like phytoestrogens, procyanidins and rosmarinic acid. Although there are few reports of antiviral compound obtained from papaya but it has been reported to have evocative beneficial effects on immune system. The phytochemicals behave as strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agents which can help the body against dengue-induced inflammation and oxidation stresses. Several other features are also found in these reviewed phytochemicals that can protects the human body from the adverse effects of dengue infection. In nutshell, the consuming of papaya and apple should be incorporated in daily routine life especially during the season when this disease appears in its epidemic form.
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and Che Hashim Hassan
  Within a process of counter arguments and scope, this study aimed to understand the INSHORE economic benefit and growth through the proper uses of the utility and scope of fisheries and livestock in Bangladesh. The specific evidence together with analytical justification is used to fig out the factors that are responsible in behind the lacking to the fisheries and livestock industry; however, a lot of possible prospects can be visualized by the scientific probable rationality. Therefore, we have taken the initiatives by this study to find out the core problems and challenges and a way forward to overcome the problem. Here, we have introduced a sound framework and guideline to the concerned body and policy makers (MOFL) in Bangladesh. Our piece of work would be a path for policy makers in the fisheries and livestock sectors and a trail for donor agencies to find out the lacks that responsible for the misleading design of projects and objectives and unsuccessful outcomes.
  M.S. Mofasshalin , M.A. Bashar , M.M. Alam , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , D. Moumita , A.G. Mazlan and K.D. Simon
  The present study attempts to describe the parasitic infestations of three Indian minor carps (Labeo bata, Labeo gonius and Cirrhinus reba) collected from different fresh water bodies of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh during March 2007 to February 2008. A total of 480 host fishes were examined of which 370 fishes were infected by 4 protozoan (Trichodina sp., lchthyophthirius sp., Apiosoma sp. and Chilodonella sp.), 2 monogenean (Gyrodactylus sp. and Dactylogyrus sp.), 2 crustacean (Argulus sp. and Larnaea sp.), 1 digenean (Fellodistomum sp.) and 1 nematoda (Camallanus sp.) parasitic species. These parasites were isolated from body slime, gills and intestine of the infected fishes. Among the isolated parasites Fellodistomum sp. was found as the highest and Chilodonella sp. was found as the lowest in number. Our results indicate that infection and infestation rate of parasites varied with fish size and season and found to be high in the post-monsoon and winter periods (November-March), when fish are most susceptible to parasites.
  A.G. Mazlan , Y.S. Chung , C.C. Zaidi , A. Samat , A. Arshad , Y.G. Seah , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and K.D. Simon
  The present study describes the meristic, morphometric and Length Weight Relationship (LWR) of tropical silverside, Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae) an important fishery in the Sea grass and mangrove habitat of Tinggi Island, Johor, Malaysia. A series of sampling survey was conducted in seagrass and mangrove habitats of Tinggi Island, using beach seine net. A total of 94 specimens (3.7-10.3 cm TL) used in this study. The results showed that meristic and morphometric features of the fish studied agreed well with a description of the holotype specimen MNHN A. 4382 and other silverside specimens. The only exception was observed in the upper jaw length and eye diameter as a percentage of head length. The allometric coefficient ‘b’ of the length weight relationship indicated negative allometric growth (b<3.0) in seagrass habitat and positive allometric growth (b>3.0) in mangrove habitat. To the best knowledge of the authors, this study presented the first reference on LWR for this species from Johor waters, Malaysia.
  Talukder Golam Rabby , Leo Jocelyn Fredericks and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  With an important attention received from the global scholarly podium, it has always been a challenge to develop a realistic, implementable and pragmatic development policy measures for geographically disadvantaged areas. Theoretically proven development policy always fundamentally receives constraints at implementation level. Haor area in Bangladesh is considered as one of the most geographically disadvantaged one. A few researches have been conducted to explore the potentials for the development of Haor area. An exclusive or even an acceptable approach is yet to be received. Considering the fact, this research was conducted to examine the potential of livestock sector for the development of Haor area.
  Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Aishath Farhath , Abdul Jalil Othman and Abul Quasem Al-Amin
  Global experience confirms that ‘family business concept’ was the domain in the establishment of fisheries sector. Apprenticeship of family inheritance was only the training provision available for the fishermen earlier. While fishermen used to receive a little amount of training through family apprenticeship, light of education to become a qualified citizen for modern world was unreachable to them. Things have incredibly or marginally been changed in a few countries where public policy took necessary parameters in order to institutionalize this sector aligning with the long term developmental vision and mission of the state. However, most of the countries still follow the orthodox model since professionals working with this sector are less capable to put forward their voices in the elite podium where public policy of a country is designed and constitutionalized. Maldives is country where more than 80% of the population are directly and indirectly or by hobby are involved with the fisheries sector providing a major local contribution towards Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Despite this contribution, the sector experiences significant amount of shortfalls. The purpose of this study is to map and identify those shortfalls in order to offer an elucidation.
  Hamdan O. Alanizi , M.L. Mat Kiah , A.A. Zaidan , B.B. Zaidan and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  In this study, handshake protocol for patient, medical center and doctor, medical center is proposed for electronic medical record transmission to improve the confidentiality of data transmission and non-repudiation of sending and receiving medical records. The proposed topology depends on symmetric and asymmetric cryptography to achieve high level of secrecy for electronic medical records. The new topology has been described on multi-users (i.e., Doctors and Patient). The new topology has been implemented using Ntru crypto-system and AES encryption method. The proposed solution has been tested to have high level of confidentiality up to the legal age of the medical records.
  Mohamed Shabbir A. Nabi , M.L. Mat Kiah , B.B. Zaidan , A.A Zaidan and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  Simple object access protocol or SOAP originally defined as protocol specification for exchanging structured information. SOAP relies on XML for its message format and other application protocols, particularly RPC and HTTP. XML considered as the universal language for data transmission on the Internet, however, end-to-end protection of messages must either be implemented within applications or it can be provided by middleware above the SOAP layer, therefore, SOAP-XML can not provide the level of confidentiality for transferring electronic medical databases. In this paper, we will investigate SOAP protocol structure over XML, the purpose of this paper is identify the possible way towards implementing secure protocol to transfer electronic medical records databases or creating electronic medical records backups over unsecure channels. As a conclusion, SOAP alone can not provide the level of security that medical records databases deserve.
  M.A. Kabir , Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and M.A. Matin
  Within a method of a cross-sectional survey that adopts following as key variable i.e., demographic, socio-economic and health-care factors, this study aimed to understand early childhood mortality rate and probable reasons in Bangladesh. In order to have probable rationality “logistic regression” of “multivariate statistical” technique is used to figure out the factors that are responsible for childhood mortality. The women who were married in the range of ageing 10-49 were asked to provide a complete history about their ‘giving birth’ for the reference period of 5 years. Statistical findings state that the rate of “neonatal”, “infant” and “under five year mortality” is, respectively 286, 461 and 525. Multi-examined statistical investigations sum up that “preceding birth interval”, “birth order” and “number of living children” are significantly affect early childhood mortality. In addition, with the functionality of socio-economy, mother’s education, source of drinking water and hygienic sanitation have also a significant impact on the rate of children morality. Moreover, exposures to mass media, healthcare facilities have positive impact. Results also indicate that mothers who are more aware about healthcare are likely to be less mortality experience than their unaware counterparts.
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and Abdul Jalil Othman
  The overall current of impact of climate change on public health, its general awareness and mapping of national policy is widely recognized. Nevertheless, some fundamental aspects have also remained underappreciated such as the impact of climatic change on plant biology, impacts of well-being of human in the ecosystem and knowledge-education in exploring the links to pharmacology. Therefore, we aim to address some of these issues linked, particularly feasible links between plant function and human health and present a list of key questions that may help to integrate plant biology into the current paradigm on climate change and human health in the pharmacology. Here, we provide a number of critical examples that range over various health concerns related to plant biology and climate change and focus of their inter-linkage of toxicology, aerobiology, contact dermatitis and pharmacology in exploring the system knowledge in plant biology. As the links among climate change, plant biology and public health that remain underappreciated by both plant scientists and health care providers; therefore, we present the degree of health risk posed by climate change and way forward to minimize adverse impacts.
  M.A. Kabir , M.N. Huq , Abul Quasem Al-Amin and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  Old fashioned Community Participation (CP) in Healthcare and Family Planning Programs (HFPPs) requires a number of revisions in order to confront the challenges of 21st century. Fundamentally operating any large project likewise HFPPs requires a mammoth budget. It is thus important to have some financial gains and savings for a state from the relevant areas by introducing a newer project. Evidences assert that HFPPs consumes a higher endowment without reducing the pharmaceutical cost in the respective area. Thus, in such situations, state faces financial constraints by introducing supplementary or a parallel projects. Considering this issue as research problem, this study was conducted in Bangladesh to understand the impact of community participation on HFPPs. An analytical justification is used to discover the factors that are causing the problems for existing HFPPs. Observation also notes that HFPPs fails in plummeting pharmaceutical service costing in the respective area. It rather works as marketing tool for pharmaceutical business. Additional findings indicate that socio-economic condition, basic knowledge and fundamental awareness are essential in receiving the extended benefit. In addition to these, integration of CP and HFPPs may overcome the problems of the gap between demand and available resources for meeting the extensive healthcare that a country needs. However, it is also somehow constrained because of inadequate education and knowledge in the respective area of the rural population who are the key dependents on HFPPs. Therefore, we emphasize both on the redesigning of existing HFPPs and education attainment for the long term benefits. Our study is witness to support extensive CP in existing HFPPs and advocate why current system needs to be redesigned including the plummeting pharmaceutical service costing in the way forward for Bangladesh.
  M.A. Bashed , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , M.A. Kabir and Abul Quasem Al-Amin
  Treatment of male infertility is one of the challenging tasks in developing nation given the nature of tradition and superstation of ‘professed confidentiality’. Traditionally, the issue of human infertility is mainly considered ‘infertility in women’ which is a mistaken and orthodox attitude. Due to a number of constraints especially collecting data, research in this area is often ignored. However, since it is a vital area to investigate in order to mapping the scenario and to provide policy guidance especially for awareness and for further course of actions of both governmental and institutional as well as family levels, we took an initiative to work at this area using the small amount of data available at Infertility Treatment and Research Centre (ITRC), in Bangladesh. Since July 2004 about 9000 couples have been recorded and evaluated at the ITRC. Three semen analyses have been made with an interval of one week. Special care was taken for collection, preservation and analysis in respect of macroscopic, microscopic and biochemical analysis. Repeated microscopic examination has been made in some cases to avoid errors. The fructose test was done for azoospermic in every sample at ITRC laboratory. Our study indicates that in 60% cases, male are responsible for Infertility either fully or partially. Of them 40% were azoospermia 34% were oligospermic and the rest 5% were asthenospermia and teratospermia 1% case was due to non descendent and mal development of testes rest per cent was design as unexplained infertility. This paper suggests that awareness on male infertility helps more than having medical treatment with pharmacological aid and supplement.
  Mahmoud M. Alagawany , Mayada R. Farag , Kuldeep Dhama , Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack , Ruchi Tiwari and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  The polyphenol resveratrol is an antioxidant nutrient, used to enhance growth performance through activation and modification of gut function and structure and to inhibit cancer initiation and promotion. The main application of resveratrol is in animal and poultry nutrition, in particular as a feed additive to reduce free radicals in a wide variety of animal species. Several studies carried out on diets supplemented with additives containing natural antioxidants as resveratrol demonstrated its capability to improve the productive performance, immune response and health of livestock besides reducing the risks of various animal diseases such as cancer and other degenerative diseases. Such activities could be attributed to its powerful antioxidant, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects by preventing free radicals from interacting with cellular DNA and its ability to alter the intestinal microbiota, increased digestibility and absorbance of nutrients. This review describes the modes of action, metabolism, the biological activities, natural sources and beneficial aspects/potential applications of resveratrol in animal and poultry nutrition, production and health.
  Kuldeep Dhama , Shyma K. Latheef , Saminathan Mani , Hari Abdul Samad , K. Karthik , Ruchi Tiwari , Rifat Ullah Khan , Mahmoud Alagawany , Mayada R. Farag , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Vito Laudadio and Vincenzo Tufarelli
  Herbal medicine or herbalism is a time-honored practice of natural medicine that is older than mankind itself. The practice of using traditional herbal medicine based therapy is nowadays gaining more attention worldwide in both human and animal health care systems. Among the livestock sectors, poultry production systems are the most intensively reared with developments especially in the areas of nutrition, disease control, genetic improvement, management and organization of dietary requirements along with the pressure of increasing demand for poultry products as well as threats of emerging pathogens. So this sector is badly in need of sustainable therapeutic and production aids especially based on herbs because of the advantages like, low cost, easy availability, no residual effect, free from the threat of antibiotic resistance etc. Many herbs have been recorded to be fruitfully used by veterinarians to treat a variety of disease conditions in animals. The present study discusses the various useful and practical applications of the rich heritage of herbal wealth for safeguarding poultry health in general, combating infectious as well as non-infectious diseases caused by microbes and parasites )both ecto-and endo parasites( along with immunomodulatory actions for countering immunosuppressive diseases. Moreover, highlighting herb-based poultry growth promoters for increasing production performances use of herbs as antioxidants and their role in organic egg and meat production is a special attraction of the review that will draw the attention of the poultry specialists as well as farming community. The information will be useful to increase poultry production and protect the health of birds in a better way from traditional ways towards modern perspectives and also would promote and popularize usage of herbs amongst poultry producers.
  V. Laudadio , V. Lorusso , N.M.B. Lastella , K. Dhama , K. Karthik , R. Tiwari , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and V. Tufarelli
  A significant focus in the nutrition era has been oriented to nutraceutical and functional foods. The health promoting potential of such provisions is ascribed to nutrition and these constituents have useful properties playing important role for egg producers. The biological and nutraceutical importance of egg is often due to the active compounds. It holds various bioactive compounds having significant nutraceutical properties like antioxidant, antiallergenic, antiartherogenic, antimicrobial and cardioprotective. Antioxidants are important against many disorders like hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular diseases. The growing attention on natural antioxidants has promoted researches in investigating new antioxidant sources having profitable prospective. Confirmation for the effectiveness of the enrichment of eggs with bioactive compounds by inclusion of plant-derived materials in the diet of egg-producing poultry has been reviewed. This review study aims to discuss the antioxidant potential of natural substances used to enrich the eggs and highlight the importance of eggs as potential nutraceutical food. The evidence for health-promoting effects of enriched eggs has also been included.
  Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Abul Quasem Al-Amin and Che Hashim Hassan
  Even though geographical location and sub-tropical weather pattern of Bangladesh are favorable to agro-businesses and but until recently it has been unable to utilize the potential by the inshore economic growth and development of agricultural sub-sectors and industries for offshore markets. Therefore, this study aimed to understand the way of offshore economic benefit by proper employing the scope of fisheries and livestock industry’s in Bangladesh. The specific justification is used to figure out the factors that are responsible in the drawbacks of offshore benefits. This study helps to understand the core problems and challenges and a way forward to overcome the problems by the subject to current research effort and commercial value. Here, this study has introduced enhanced framework of strategies and guidelines to the concerned body and policy makers in Bangladesh. The indications from the study for the offshore economic benefit would be a helpful, particularly developing country like Bangladesh and elsewhere.
  Ferdous Ahmed , Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and Che Hashim Hassan
  This research focuses the climate change concerns for livestock feeding management in Bangladesh as it causes strange behavior and variation of cattle diets and feed shortages in the last two decades. It is obvious from the recent literature that Bangladesh is one of the most climate change vulnerable country of the world to climate change. It causes cattle feed shortages, modification in major production of yields, alteration in a variety composition of rangeland and edifying variety of cattle feed setback. The climate change concern to cattle feed in Bangladesh are now real and need to overcome the problems by the subject to current research effort and value. Therefore, in this study specific justification is used to figure out the factors that are responsible and discussed the national lacking, required action, limitation and possible alternative options. Moreover, following on the national lacking, required action and limitations, this study incorporated a framework of approach and strategies for the policy makers of Bangladesh.
  Abul Quasem Al-Amin , Gazi Mahabubul Alam , Che Hashim Bin Hassan and Abdul Jalil Bin Othman
  This study intended to comprehend the major gaps that restrict in ensuring a functional policy and action plans in the area of livestock and its sub-sectors in Bangladesh. An analytical approach is used to figure out and to justify the prevailing disagreements by providing specific evidences for expressional barrier for animal and livestock. The objective is also to sort the possible prospect by probable rationality. In order to offer well-timed and functional policy directive, this study has addressed importance of health of animal and livestock, expressional barrier for the need of pharmacological and medical services, mapping situation and current figure of animal and livestock, outlining the effects of climate change to animal and livestock, identifying the lack of support to pharmacological and medical services and drawing the role and responsibility of education system to ensure the betterment in regards to all aspects concerned. Doing the above, this study understands the necessary provision and expanded roles and responsibilities for the sector of animal and livestock and this may eventually help to ensure a well-time policy in placed with a apposite coordination of different units.
  Ojide Makuachukwu Gabriel , Salami Dada Kareem , Fatimah Kari , Gazi Mahabubul Alam and Oke David Matuin
  A key policy objective of sustainable economic development, especially in any developing country like Nigeria, is to establish energy development paths that are both economically efficient and sustainable. However, this depends significantly on full utilization of such resources. Distributed Lag (DL) model, dummy variable regression model and co-integration analyses were used in this paper to evaluate the impact and sustainability of Gas utilization in the Nigerian economy. The structure of gas flaring in Nigeria in relation to the imposition of fine on flared gas was also examined. The regression results and the co-integration analysis show that utilization of Nigerian natural gas impacts positively on the economy given three-year time lag; it is also sustainable. On the other hand, although the imposition of fine on flared gas has the potential to end or reduce flares; it has not significantly led to any structural change (sliding slope) on the level of flares since its imposition in 1984. Hence there is need for government to always employ Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) to evaluate its policy implementations.
  Mohammad Nurul Azam , Mahbuba Yeasmin and Gazi Mahabubul Alam
  This study considers the problem of testing for a structural change of unknown timing in a regression coefficient in the linear regression model. This is a non-standard testing problem and practical important situation facing applied modelers. Simulation methods were used to generate a range of exact critical values of the Likelihood Ratio (LR) type test for different sample sizes, numbers of regressors and types of regressors. We found that the critical values depend on sample size, the number of regressors and to a less extend on the type of explanatory variables. We recommend using the LR type test statistic for testing structural change of unknown timing with our critical value.
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