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Articles by G.H. Chong
Total Records ( 2 ) for G.H. Chong
  G.H. Chong , R. Yunus , N. Abdullah , T.S.Y. Choong and S. Spotar
  Problem statement: Literature on the production of nanoparticles using supercritical fluids is substantial, but comparatively much less for nanoencapsulation.
Approach:In this study, a modified Supercritical Anti Solvent (SAS) apparatus was fabricated for use in the production of nanoparticles using carbon dioxide as the supercritical fluid (SCF). SAS technique involves precipitation of solids from liquid solution under supercritical antisolvent-induced condition. Production of nanoparticles using SAS was investigated using 2 types of model solutes: Fume silica and acetaminophen which represent a model of water insoluble (inorganic) material and water soluble material respectively. The morphology and characteristics of nanoparticles produced were assessed.
Results:The fume silica had been coated and 50 nm diameter of nanoencapsulated acetaminophen had been produced.
The results had revealed that both water insoluble and soluble substrates can be coated and encapsulated successfully in polymer by the SAS coating process.
  G.H. Chong , S.Y. Spotar and R. Yunus
  A numerical procedure of mathematical model for mass transfer between a droplet of organic solvent and a compressed antisolvent is presented for conditions such that the two phases are fully miscible. The model is applicable to the supercritical antisolvent (SAS) method of particle formation. In this process, solute particles precipitate from an organic solution when sprayed into a compressed antisolvent continuum. Effects of operating temperature and pressure on droplet behavior were examined. The CO2 critical locus and the conditions for which the densities of solvent and carbon dioxide are equal are identified. Calculations were performed using Peng-Robinson equation of state. The model equations were put into the form that allowed the application of the Matlab standard solver pdepe. Calculations with toluene, ethanol, acetone (solvents) and carbon dioxide (antisolvent) demonstrated that droplets swell upon interdiffusion when the solvent is denser than the antisolvent and shrink when the antisolvent is denser. Diffusion modeling results might be used for data interpretation or experiments planning of the more complex real SAS process.
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