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Articles by G. Lauc
Total Records ( 3 ) for G. Lauc
  O Gornik , J Wagner , M Pucic , A Knezevic , I Redzic and G. Lauc
 

Glycan heterogeneity was shown to be associated with numerous diseases and glycan analysis has a great diagnostic potential. Recently, we reported high biological variability of human plasma N-glycome at the level of population. The observed variations were larger than changes reported to be associated with some diseases; thus, it was of great importance to examine the temporal constancy of human N-glycome before glycosylation changes could be routinely analyzed in diagnostic laboratories. Plasma samples were taken from 12 healthy individuals. The blood was drawn on seven occasions during 5 days. N-Linked glycans, released from plasma proteins, were separated using hydrophilic interaction high-performance liquid chromatography into 16 groups (GP1-GP16) and quantified. The results showed very small variation in all glycan groups, indicating very good temporal stability of N-glycome in a single individual. Coefficients of variation from 1.6% for GP8 to 11.4% for GP1 were observed. The average coefficient of variation was 5.6%. These variations were comparable to those observed when analytical procedure was tested for its precision. Good stability of plasma N-glycome in healthy individuals implies that glycosylation is under significant genetic control. Changes observed in glycan profiles are consequence of environmental influences and physiologic responses and therefore have a significant diagnostic potential.

  A Knezevic , O Gornik , O Polasek , M Pucic , I Redzic , M Novokmet , P. M Rudd , A. F Wright , H Campbell , I Rudan and G. Lauc
 

Protein glycosylation affects nearly all molecular interactions at the cell surface and in the intercellular space. Many of the physiological variations which are part of homeostatic mechanisms influence glycosylation. However, a comprehensive overview of changes in glycosylation caused by aging and common lifestyle parameters is still lacking. After analyzing N-glycans in the plasma of 1914 individuals from the Croatian islands of Vis and Korcula, we performed a comprehensive analysis of the dependence of different glycosylation features (position of fucose, level of galactosylation, sialylation and branching) on aging, smoking, body fat and plasma lipid status. A number of statistically significant associations were observed. Glycosylation changes with aging were especially evident in females, mostly in association with the transition from pre-menopausal to post-menopausal age. Levels of core-fucosylated, non-galactosylated, digalactosylated and disialylated biantennary glycans were shown to be mainly age dependent, but the level of branching and higher levels of galactosylation were found to correlate with lipid status. For the majority of glycans which we analyzed, all examined parameters explained up to 5% of the variance. The only notable exception were non-galactosylated glycans where 20% of the variance was explained mostly by age and blood pressure. In general, only a small fraction of the variability in glycan levels observed in a population was explained by age and other measured parameters, indicating that even in the absence of a genetic template, glycan levels are mostly determined by genetic background and/or specific pathophysiological processes.

  M Pucic , S Pinto , M Novokmet , A Knezevic , O Gornik , O Polasek , K Vlahovicek , W Wang , P. M Rudd , A. F Wright , H Campbell , I Rudan and G. Lauc
 

After performing hydrophilic interaction and weak anion exchange high-performance liquid chromatography to analyze N-glycans in the plasma of 1991 people, we identified several individuals that differed significantly from the "normal" profile of N-glycans. By performing consensus scoring of pairwise distances between vectors containing measured glycan values, we formed six groups of individuals with specific glyco-phenotypes. Some aberrations from the normal plasma protein patterns were found to be associated with clinical conditions (such as renal problems in people with increased monosialylated biantennary glycans, A2G2S1), while other substantial changes in N-glycan structure, such as the near complete absence of neutral glycans or antennary fucosylated tri- and tetraantennary glycans, were not associated with any observed adverse health outcomes. These results demonstrate the existence of specific altered glyco-phenotypes in some individuals and indicate that in some cases they might represent risk factors for the development of specific diseases.

 
 
 
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