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Articles by G. Hassanshahi
Total Records ( 4 ) for G. Hassanshahi
  M. Moradi , M.K. Arababadi and G. Hassanshahi
  This study was performed to examine the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in Afghan immigrants in Kerman province of Iran. Total of three hundred samples were collected from Afghan immigrants and were analyzed by PCR using primers corresponding to the recF gene of M. tuberculosis complex. Present results showed that Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA was present in 36 out of 300 (12%) sputum samples. Thirty-two out of 36 patients were women (88%) and 4 cases were men (12%). Present results demonstrated that these immigrants are high risk for TB infection and surprisingly women are more affected. Therefore, a wide variety of strategies are needed for prevention and treatment of TB in this population.
  R. Nosratabadi , E.S. Moghadam , M.K. Arababadi , S. Khosravi and G. Hassanshahi
  This study was performed to examine the prevalence of IgA deficiency in blood donors in Zahedan Province of Iran. Following transfusion of IgA containing blood or its components to an IgA deficient individual, antibody will be produced against received IgA and causes sever allergic reaction. Therefore it`s worth nothing to have, IgA deficiency frequency even at a low level in blood donors of different races to plan for safe blood. In this experimental study, blood samples were collected from 3837 volunteer blood donors during one year. 3449 (89.9%) of the 3837 blood donors screened were males and 388 (10.1%) were females. 1464 (38.18%) were single and 2373 (61.82%) married. The demographic questioner was filled out for each donor by a physician. Then the serum samples were tested for IgA titer by nephlometry and SRID techniques and IgA level in positive samples were analyzed by ELISA (RADIM, Italy). Finally data were analyzed by Chi-square and t-test. According to present results only, one donor (0.03%) was found to have IgA less than 5 mg dL-1 and 11 (0.3%) cases had IgA between 5-30 mg dL-1 while 3825 (99.67%) had IgA more than 30 mg dL-1. Present results showed a low prevalence rate of IgA deficiency in Sistan and Baluchestan region of Iran. Therefore, anaphylactic reactions could probably be due to other factors in the individuals that receive blood products. In the other hand the results from this study help blood transfusion services directors and managers to find high risk families and individuals with IgA deficiency to receive safe blood and blood components in case of need.
  Reza Nosratabadi , M.K. Arababadi , G. Hassanshahi , N. Yaghini , V. Pooladvand , Ali Shamsizadeh , E.R. Zarandi and H. Hakimi
  The present study was aimed to examine the serum level of IFN-γ in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropatic complications. In this experimental study, serum samples were obtained from 100 type 2 diabetic patients suffering from nephropathy and 100 healthy controls. Serum level of IFN-γ was analyzed by ELISA. Results of this study showed that the mean serum level of IFN-γ was 16.09±2.04 and 4.03±1.00 pg mL-1 in nephropathic patients and healthy controls, respectively. Statistical analysis of data showed that the difference in the IFN-γ serum level was significant between nephropathic patients and controls. Due to the elevated level of IFN-γ in nephropathic patients, it can be possibly concluded that IFN-γ is involved in nephropathy complication of type 2 diabetes.
  M. Rezaeian , G. Hassanshahi , Z. Salem , A. Shamsaee , A. Tourousian , R. Hazare and S.Z. Tabatabai
  Anthropometric studies in Afghan immigrants in Iran have not been yet performed; therefore the aim of the present study is to identify Body Mass Index (BMI) in a sample of Afghan immigrant children in Iran during the year 2005. In this cross-sectional study 606 Afghan children aged between 6-14 years have been randomly selected within Shahriar County of Tehran Province of Iran and their weight and height have been measured. Then, using BMI formula BMI = Weight (kg)/Height (m2) their BMI was calculated and based on CDC (Centers for Disease and Prevention Control) indices, children were categorized as: under weight, normal and obese. Results of this study showed that 97 cases (16%) had low weight whereas, 429 cases (81.2%) had normal weight and 17 cases (2.8%) had over weight. More percentage of girls had lower weight than the boys (15.2 versus 16.9%), Afghan children who were born in Iran had also lower weight (17.3%) than those who were born in Afghanistan (15.2%) and third and upper birth order children had lower weight compared to first and second birth order (17 versus 15.3%). However, none of these differences were statistically significant. The researchers suggest that due to high incidence of malnutrition in Afghan immigrant children in Iran interventional and educational programs are needed in order to improve their level of health and nutritional status.
 
 
 
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