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Articles by G. W Stone
Total Records ( 4 ) for G. W Stone
  D. E Forman , D. A Cox , S. G Ellis , J. M Lasala , J. A Ormiston , G. W Stone , M. A Turco , J. Y Wei , A. A Joshi , K. D Dawkins and D. S. Baim

Background— Although drug-eluting stents have become a mainstay of percutaneous coronary intervention, information about drug-eluting stents outcomes in elderly patients is limited. Data from the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) trials and registries were pooled to assess PES benefits relative to advancing patient age, including comparison with bare-metal stents.

Methods and Results— Data from 5 randomized trials (2271 patients with PES, 1397 patients with bare-metal stents) and from 2 postmarket registries (7492 patients with PES) were pooled separately. Each dataset was stratified into age groups: <60, 60 to 70, and >70 years. At baseline, patients aged >70 years in both datasets had significantly more adverse characteristics than younger patients. Through 5 years, trial data showed that patients aged >70 years had higher death rates, but comparable rates of myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization with younger patients. Compared with patients with bare-metal stents, patients with PES aged >70 years had comparable rates of death, myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis but a significantly lower target lesion revascularization rate (22.2 versus 10.2, P<0.001). These findings were echoed in the registry data through 2 years that showed that PES patients aged >70 years had significantly higher death rates, but lower myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization rates, compared with younger patients. Although the mortality rates of patients aged >70 years were higher than those of younger patients, they were comparable with those of age- and gender-matched norms in the general population.

Conclusions— This analysis of almost 10 000 patients demonstrated that percutaneous coronary intervention with PES is a safe and an effective treatment option that should not be withheld based on age.

  G. W Stone , J. L Martin , M. J de Boer , M Margheri , E Bramucci , J. C Blankenship , D. C Metzger , R. J Gibbons , B. S Lindsay , B. H Weiner , A. J Lansky , M. W Krucoff , M Fahy , W. J Boscardin and for the AMIHOT II Trial Investigators

Background— Myocardial salvage is often suboptimal after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Posthoc subgroup analysis from a previous trial (AMIHOT I) suggested that intracoronary delivery of supersaturated oxygen (SSO2) may reduce infarct size in patients with large ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated early.

Methods and Results— A prospective, multicenter trial was performed in which 301 patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 hours of symptom onset were randomized to a 90-minute intracoronary SSO2 infusion in the left anterior descending artery infarct territory (n=222) or control (n=79). The primary efficacy measure was infarct size in the intention-to-treat population (powered for superiority), and the primary safety measure was composite major adverse cardiovascular events at 30 days in the intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations (powered for noninferiority), with Bayesian hierarchical modeling used to allow partial pooling of evidence from AMIHOT I. Among 281 randomized patients with tc-99m-sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography data in AMIHOT II, median (interquartile range) infarct size was 26.5% (8.5%, 44%) with control compared with 20% (6%, 37%) after SSO2. The pooled adjusted infarct size was 25% (7%, 42%) with control compared with 18.5% (3.5%, 34.5%) after SSO2 (PWilcoxon=0.02; Bayesian posterior probability of superiority, 96.9%). The Bayesian pooled 30-day mean (±SE) rates of major adverse cardiovascular events were 5.0±1.4% for control and 5.9±1.4% for SSO2 by intention-to-treat, and 5.1±1.5% for control and 4.7±1.5% for SSO2 by per-protocol analysis (posterior probability of noninferiority, 99.5% and 99.9%, respectively).

Conclusions— Among patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 hours of symptom onset, infusion of SSO2 into the left anterior descending artery infarct territory results in a significant reduction in infarct size with noninferior rates of major adverse cardiovascular events at 30 days.

Clinical Trial Registration— Identifier: NCT00175058

  C Oviedo , A Maehara , G. S Mintz , H Araki , S. Y Choi , K Tsujita , T Kubo , H Doi , B Templin , A. J Lansky , G Dangas , M. B Leon , R Mehran , S. J Tahk , G. W Stone , M Ochiai and J. W. Moses

Background— Angiographic classifications of the location and severity of disease in the main vessel and side branch of coronary artery bifurcations have been proposed and applied to distal left main coronary artery (LMCA) bifurcation.

Methods and Results— We reviewed 140 angiograms of distal LMCA and ostial left anterior descending (LAD) and left circumflex (LCX) artery lesions with preintervention intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) of both the LAD and LCX arteries as well as the LMCA. Of 140 patients, 92.9% had at least 1 cross section with ≥40% IVUS plaque burden versus 57.2% of patients with an angiographic diameter stenosis ≥50%. Contrary to angiographic classifications, IVUS showed that bifurcation disease was rarely focal and that both sides of the flow divider were always disease-free. Continuous plaque from the LMCA into the proximal LAD artery was seen in 90%, from the LMCA into the LCX artery in 66.4%, and from the LMCA into both the LAD and LCX arteries in 62%. Plaque localized to either the LAD or LCX ostium and not involving the distal LMCA was seen in only 9.3% of LAD arteries and 17.1% of LCX arteries. Plaque distribution was not influenced by the LAD/LCX angiographic angle, lesion severity, LMCA length, or remodeling. We proposed an IVUS classification for bifurcation lesions illustrating longitudinal and circumferential spatial plaque distribution.

Conclusions— Angiographic classification of LMCA bifurcation lesions is rarely accurate. IVUS shows that the carina is always spared and that the disease is diffuse rather than focal.

Clinical Trial Registration— URL: Unique identifier: NCT00180466.

  R Mehran , S. J Pocock , G. W Stone , T. C Clayton , G. D Dangas , F Feit , S. V Manoukian , E Nikolsky , A. J Lansky , A Kirtane , H. D White , A Colombo , J. H Ware , J. W Moses and E. M. Ohman

To evaluate the associations of myocardial infarction (MI) and major bleeding with 1-year mortality. Both MI and major bleeding predict 1-year mortality in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the risk of each of these events on the magnitude and timing of mortality has not been well studied.

Methods and Results

A multivariable Cox regression model was developed relating 13 independent baseline predictors to 1-year mortality for 13 819 patients with moderate and high-risk ACS enrolled in the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategy trial. After adjustment for baseline predictors, Cox models with major bleeding and recurrent MI as time-updated covariates estimated the effect of these events on mortality hazard over time. Within 30 days of randomization, 705 patients (5.1%) had an MI, 645 (4.7%) had a major bleed; 524 (3.8%) died within a year. The occurrence of an MI was associated with a hazard ratio of 3.1 compared with patients not yet having an MI, after adjustment for baseline predictors. However, MI within 30 days markedly increased the mortality risk for the first 2 days after the event (adjusted hazard ratio of 17.6), but this risk declined rapidly post-infarct (hazard ratio of 1.4 beyond 1 month after the MI event). In contrast, major bleeding had a prolonged association with mortality risk (hazard ratio of 3.5) which remained fairly steady over time throughout 1 year.


After accounting for baseline predictors of mortality, major bleeds and MI have similar overall strength of association with mortality in the first year after ACS. MI is correlated with a dramatic increase in short-term risk, whereas major bleeding correlates with a more prolonged mortality risk.

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