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Articles by G. N Brock
Total Records ( 2 ) for G. N Brock
  F. W Arnold , A. S LaJoie , G. N Brock , P Peyrani , J Rello , R Menendez , G Lopardo , A Torres , P Rossi , J. A Ramirez and for the Community Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) Investigators

Background  To define whether elderly patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) had better outcomes if they were treated with empirical antimicrobial therapy adherent to the 2007 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines for CAP.

Methods  This was a secondary analysis of the CAPO International Cohort Study database, which contained data from a total of 1725 patients aged 65 years or older who were hospitalized with CAP. Data from June 1, 2001, until January 1, 2007, were analyzed from 43 centers in 12 countries including North America (n = 2), South America (n = 4), Europe (n = 4), Africa (n = 1), and Southeast Asia (n = 1). Initial empirical therapy for CAP was evaluated for guideline compliance according to the 2007 IDSA/ATS guidelines for CAP. Time to clinical stability, length of stay (LOS), total in-hospital mortality, and CAP-related mortality for each group were calculated. Comparisons between groups were made using cumulative incidence curves and competing risks regression.

Results  Among the 1649 patients with CAP, aged 65 years or older, 975 patients were given antimicrobial regimens adherent to the IDSA/ATS for CAP guidelines, while 660 patients were treated with nonadherent regimens (465 patients were "undertreated"; 195 were "overtreated"). Adherence to guidelines was associated with a statistically significant decreased time to achieve clinical stability compared with nonadherence: the proportion of patients who reached clinical stability by 7 days was 71% (95% confidence interval [CI], 68%-74%) and 57% (95% CI, 53%-61%) (P < .01), respectively. Guideline adherence was also associated with shorter LOS (median adherence LOS, 8 days; interquartile range [IQR], 5-15 days; median nonadherence LOS, 10 days; IQR, 6-24 days) (P < .01) and decreased overall in-hospital mortality (8%; 95% CI, 7%-10% vs 17%; 95% CI, 14%-20%) (P < .01).

Conclusion  Implementation of national guidelines at the local hospital level will improve not only mortality and LOS of elderly patients hospitalized with CAP but also time to clinical stability.

  C. E Woodall , G. N Brock , J Fan , J. A Byam , C. R Scoggins , K. M McMasters and R. C. G. Martin

Hypothesis  A gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) staging system can be created with the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database.

Design  A review of records in the SEER database from 2537 patients with GISTs from June 1, 1977, through August 1, 2004.

Patients and Methods  Patients were compared using all available clinicopathologic factors, and a TGM (tumor, grade, metastasis) staging system was created according to these parameters. Survival data were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods, log-rank analyses, and Cox regression models.

Results  Median follow-up time was 21 months, 47.6% of patients were men, and the median age was 64 years; 5.0% had lymph node involvement, and 22.6% had distant metastasis. Tumor size (T1, ≤70 mm; T2, >70 mm; P <.001), grade (G1, grades I and II; G2, grades III and IV; P <.001), and the presence of metastases (M0, no; M1, yes; P <.001) did affect overall survival. When combined in a TGM staging system, grade and metastasis were the factors most predictive of survival.

Conclusions  A staging system for GISTs that provides valuable prognostic information was developed. Further work to refine this system and validate it with other data sets should be undertaken. Mitotic index and standardized reporting may provide additional prognostic information and should be recorded for all tumors so that the most accurate staging system can be created.

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