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Articles by G. D Angelini
Total Records ( 2 ) for G. D Angelini
  T Rajathurai , S. I Rizvi , H Lin , G. D Angelini , A. C Newby and G. J. Murphy
 

Background— Neointima formation and atherosclerosis compromise long-term graft patency in aortocoronary and peripheral vein bypass grafts. We investigated the short- and long-term effects of periadventitial application of a sustained-release formulation of rapamycin on experimental pig vein grafts with similar dimensions and kinetics to human saphenous vein bypass grafts.

Methods and Results— Periadventitial application of rapamycin-eluting polyvinyl alcohol microspheres (60 µg · cm–2) to porcine saphenous vein-to-carotid artery interposition grafts inhibited vein graft positive and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in 1-week grafts. It also decreased neointima formation and wall thickening in 4-week vein grafts compared with controls. The inhibition of vein graft thickening was not sustained; however, a catch-up phenomenon was observed, and there was no therapeutic benefit evident in 12-week grafts. Increasing the dose of rapamycin to 120 µg · cm–2 was associated with significant local toxicity manifest by high rates of graft rupture (25%), inhibition of adventitial neoangiogenesis, and a paradoxical acceleration of vein graft disease as evidenced by increased vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.

Conclusions— Local toxicity and poor long-term efficacy limits the clinical applicability of locally applied, sustained rapamycin release in vein graft disease.

  A Miceli , C Fino , B Fiorani , M Yeatman , P Narayan , G. D Angelini and M. Caputo
  Background

Postoperative atrial fibrillation is still a common complication in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative statin therapy on new onset of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

Methods

Of 8,946 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting at the Bristol Heart Institute from April 1996 to September 2006, 6,321 (70.6%) received preoperative statins. Of these, 2,152 patients (statin group) were matched to a control group (no statin) by propensity score analysis.

Results

Preoperative characteristics, number of distal anastomoses, and the use of off -pump procedures were similar in both groups. Hospital mortality was 1.3% (56 patients) with no difference between the two groups. Postoperative atrial fibrillation was significantly higher in the statin compared with the no statin group (411, 19.5%, versus 336; 15.8% respectively; p = 0.002). In a multivariate regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.05), pulmonary disease (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.12–1.82), history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (OR, 3; 95% CI, 2.13 to 4.19), preoperative angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.49), ejection fraction less than 0.30 (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.22 to 2.38), emergency operations (OR, 4.5; 95% CI, 2 to 10.12), and preoperative statin treatment (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.55) were all independent predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation.

Conclusions

Preoperative statin is associated with a significantly higher incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation compared with no statin treatment in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.

 
 
 
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