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Articles by G Setalo
Total Records ( 2 ) for G Setalo
  S Veto , P Acs , J Bauer , H Lassmann , Z Berente , G Setalo , G Borgulya , B Sumegi , S Komoly , F Gallyas and Z. Illes

Oligodendrocyte loss and demyelination are major pathological hallmarks of multiple sclerosis. In pattern III lesions, inflammation is minor in the early stages, and oligodendrocyte apoptosis prevails, which appears to be mediated at least in part through mitochondrial injury. Here, we demonstrate poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation and apoptosis inducing factor nuclear translocation within apoptotic oligodendrocytes in such multiple sclerosis lesions. The same morphological and molecular pathology was observed in an experimental model of primary demyelination, induced by the mitochondrial toxin cuprizone. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in this model attenuated oligodendrocyte depletion and decreased demyelination. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition suppressed c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation, increased the activation of the cytoprotective phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase-Akt pathway and prevented caspase-independent apoptosis inducing factor-mediated apoptosis. Our data indicate that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of pattern III multiple sclerosis lesions. Since poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition was also effective in the inflammatory model of multiple sclerosis, it may target all subtypes of multiple sclerosis, either by preventing oligodendrocyte death or attenuating inflammation.

  G Talaber , F Boldizsar , D Bartis , L Palinkas , M Szabo , G Berta , G Setalo , P Nemeth and T. Berki

Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling plays an important role in the selection and apoptosis of thymocytes. Besides nuclear translocation, mitochondrial translocation of the ligand-bound GR in lymphoid cells was also shown, which might determine glucocorticoid (GC)-induced apoptosis sensitivity. In the present work, we followed the ligand-induced GR trafficking in CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes. Using confocal microscopy, we found that upon short-term in vitro GC analog [dexamethasone (DX)] treatment, the GR translocates into the mitochondria but not into the nucleus in DP cells. We also analyzed the GR redistribution in cytosolic, nuclear and mitochondrial fractions of unseparated thymocytes by western blot and confirmed that in DX-treated cells a significant fraction of the GR translocates into the mitochondria. DX reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential of DP cells within 30 min, measured by flow cytometry, which refers to a direct modulatory activity of mitochondrial GR translocation. The abundant mitochondrial GR found in DP cells well correlates with their high GC-induced apoptosis sensitivity.

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