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Articles by G Huang
Total Records ( 3 ) for G Huang
  Y Wu , W Xu , G Huang , S Gong , J Li , Y Qin and X. Li
 

Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are a large family of highly glycosylated of hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins that play important roles in plant growth, development, and signal transduction. A cDNA encoding a putative classical AGP named GhH6L was isolated from cotton fiber cDNA libraries, and the deduced protein contains 17 copies of repetitive motif of X–Y–proline–proline–proline (where X is serine or alanine and Y is threonine or serine). Northern blotting analysis and quantitative RT–PCR results showed that it was preferentially expressed in 10 days post-anthesis (dpa) fibers and was also developmentally regulated. A promoter fragment was isolated from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) by genome walking PCR. Expression of β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene under the GhH6L promoter was examined in the transgenic Arabidopsis plants; only petiole and pedicel were stained, no staining was detected in other tissues. Subcellular localization indicated that GhH6L was localized to the plasma membrane and in the cytoplasm. These data further our understanding of GhH6L as well as shed light on functional insight to GhH6L in cotton.

  S. L Sheng , G Huang , B Yu and W. X. Qin
 

Background: Dickkopf-1 (DKK1), a secreted protein, is known as a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway, which has been implicated in the development of several types of cancers. Clinical significance of serum DKK1 in lung cancer remains to be determined.

Methods: A novel time-resolved immunofluorometric assay was developed. By use of this method, we investigated the serum concentrations of DKK1 in 592 patients with malignancies, 72 patients with benign lung disease, and 120 healthy controls. Serum cytokeratin 19 fragment and neuron-specific enolase values were obtained.

Results: Serum DKK1 concentrations were significantly higher in patients with lung cancer than in patients with other malignant tumors or benign lung diseases and healthy controls. Serum concentrations of DKK1 were decreased significantly in groups of patients with gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, and cervical adenocarcinoma compared with healthy controls. Application of both DKK1 and cytokeratin 19 fragment increased sensitivity, correctly identifying 89.6% of the non–small cell lung cancer patients as positive. The use of both DKK1 and neuron-specific enolase increased sensitivity to detect small cell lung cancer to 86.2%. DKK1 concentrations increased with stage, tumor class, and presence of lymph node and distant metastases, regardless of histology and patient age and sex. Patients with a DKK1 concentration of 22.6 µg/L or higher had a statistically significantly diminished survival compared with patients whose DKK1 values were lower.

Conclusions: DKK1 was preferentially expressed in lung cancer. Increasing concentrations of DKK1were significantly associated with tumor progression and decreased survival in patients with lung cancer. .

  L Xie , R Ma , C Han , K Su , Q Zhang , T Qiu , L Wang , G Huang , J Qiao , J Wang and J. Cheng
  BACKGROUND:

Sperm screening is an essential step in in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. The swim-up method, an assay for sperm motility, is used clinically to select the ideal sperm for subsequent manipulation. However, additional parameters, including acrosome reaction capability, chemotaxis, and thermotaxis, are also important indicators of mammalian sperm health. To monitor both sperm motility and chemotaxis simultaneously during sperm screening, we designed and constructed a microdevice comprising a straight channel connected with a bibranch channel that mimics the mammalian female reproductive tract.

METHODS:

The width and length of the straight channel were optimized to select the motile sperms. We selectively cultured cumulus cells in the bibranch channel to generate a chemoattractant-forming chemical gradient. Sperm chemotaxis was represented by the ratio of the sperm swimming toward different branches.

RESULTS:

The percentage of motile sperms improved from 58.5% (3.8%) to 82.6% (2.9%) by a straight channel 7 mm in length and 1 mm in width. About 10% of sperms were found to be chemotactically responsive in our experiment, which is consistent with previous studies.

CONCLUSIONS:

For the first time, we achieved the combined evaluation of both sperm motility and chemotaxis. The motile and chemotactically responsive sperms can easily be enriched on a lab-on-a-chip device to improve IVF outcome.

 
 
 
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